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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 8-K

 

 

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): December 12, 2023

 

 

VERTEX, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware   001-39413   23-2081753

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation or organization)

 

(Commission

File Number)

  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

2301 Renaissance Blvd.
King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

(800) 355-3500

(Registrant’s telephone number, include area code)

 

N/A

(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

¨ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12) 

 

¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b)) 
   
¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c)) 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which
registered
Class A common stock, $0.001 par value per share   VERX   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.01. Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement

 

On December 13, 2023, Vertex, Inc. (the “Company”) announced that it has commenced a public tender offer for 100% of the shares of Pagero Group AB (publ) (“Pagero”). The Company intends to finance the acquisition of Pagero (the “acquisition”) by a combination of the issuance of a new series of Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants (each as defined below) to Silver Lake Alpine II, L.P. (together with its designated affiliates, “Silver Lake” or, the “Purchaser”), proceeds from its existing undrawn revolving credit facility and cash on hand.

 

Convertible Preferred Stock Transaction

 

On December 12, 2023, the Company and Silver Lake entered into an investment agreement (the “Investment Agreement”) pursuant to which the Company has agreed to issue 500,000 shares of 11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Convertible Preferred Stock”) and warrants (the “warrants”) to purchase 2,500,000 shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Class A Common Stock”), to Silver Lake for an aggregate purchase price of $491,250,000. The issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants is expected to take place shortly prior to the closing of the acquisition.

 

The issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants pursuant to the Investment Agreement is subject to customary closing conditions for transactions of this type, including that the tender offer for the shares of Pagero has been declared unconditional and the accuracy of certain representations and warranties.

 

Terms of the Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrants

 

The Convertible Preferred Stock will rank senior to the Class A Common Stock and the Company’s Class B Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share (together with the Class A Common Stock, the “Common Stock”), with respect to dividends and distributions and on liquidation, winding-up, and dissolution. Upon a liquidation, dissolution, or winding up of the Company, each share of Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive an amount per share equal to the greater of (i) the “Liquidation Preference” (as defined in the Certificate of Designations governing the terms of the Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Certificate of Designations”), which is included as an exhibit to the Investment Agreement) (including any accrued dividends thereon) and (ii) the amount that the holder of Convertible Preferred Stock would have been entitled to receive at such time if the Convertible Preferred Stock were converted into Class A Common Stock.

 

Each share of Convertible Preferred Stock has an initial Liquidation Preference of $1,000, and dividends on the Convertible Preferred Stock will accumulate at a rate of 11.75% per annum and be added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference, compounding quarterly. The Convertible Preferred Stock will be convertible into Class A Common Stock at an initial conversion price equal to a 20% premium to the volume weighted average trading price of the Class A Common Stock over the period from December 6, 2023 to December 19, 2023 (the “Conversion Price”), but in any event no lower than $32.50 and no higher than $37.50. The Conversion Price is subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments as set forth in the Certificate of Designations, including in the event of any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization or similar events. The warrants will be exercisable by Silver Lake at the exercise price equal to Conversion Price and will expire on the eighth anniversary of the issuance. Pursuant to the terms of the Certificate of Designations and the warrants, unless and until approval of the Company’s stockholders is obtained as contemplated by Nasdaq listing rules (the “Stockholder Approval”), the Company may not settle any conversion, redemption or repurchase of the Convertible Preferred Stock or exercise of the warrants in shares of Class A Common Stock, in each case, if, and solely to the extent that, such settlement would result in the holder beneficially owning in excess of 19.9% of the then-outstanding Common Stock. The Company has agreed to seek the Stockholder Approval at its next annual meeting.

 

At any time following the fourth anniversary of the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock and prior to the seventh anniversary of such issuance (the “Conditional Redemption Period”), the Company may redeem any or all of the Convertible Preferred Stock if, and only if, the volume weighted average trading price of the Class A Common Stock exceeds 200% of the then-applicable Conversion Price on (i) each of at least 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading days ending on, and including, the trading day immediately preceding the date the Company notifies the holders of Convertible Preferred Stock of the election to redeem (the “Redemption Notice Date”) and (ii) each of the three trading days immediately preceding the Redemption Notice Date. Following the seventh anniversary of the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company may redeem any or all of the Convertible Preferred Stock at any time. In each case, the holders of the Convertible Preferred Stock at the time of any redemption shall have the right to convert such Convertible Preferred Stock prior to such redemption. The redemption price for the Convertible Preferred Stock will be the greater of (i) the then-current Liquidation Preference (including accrued dividends thereon) and (ii) the as-converted value at such time. The Company is required to settle at least 90% of the redemption price in cash.

 

 

 

 

In addition, subject to certain exceptions, a holder of the Convertible Preferred Stock will have the right to require the Company to repurchase any or all of such holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock at any time on or after the sixth anniversary of the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock at a price equal to the greater of (i) the then-current Liquidation Preference (including accrued dividends thereon) and (ii) the as-converted value at such time, with at least 20% of the repurchase price to be paid in cash. Furthermore, if the Company undergoes a “Fundamental Change” (as defined in the Certificate of Designations), holders may require the Company to repurchase for cash all or part of outstanding Convertible Preferred Stock at a price equal to the greater of (i) the then-current Liquidation Preference (including dividends that would accrue through the seventh anniversary of the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock) and (ii) the as-converted value at such time (after giving effect to any make-whole adjustment pursuant to the Certificate of Designations); provided, however, that a holder may elect to convert any or all of such holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock prior to a Fundamental Change repurchase.

 

If after the issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock the acquisition does not close within ten business days or the Company terminates the tender offer, the Company will be obligated to redeem all of the Convertible Preferred Stock at a price equal to the Liquidation Preference plus all accrued and unpaid dividends to, but excluding, such date of redemption.

 

Following the expiration or termination of any applicable waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, the holders of the Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to vote on an as-converted basis with the holders of the Class A Common Stock on all matters. In addition, the approval of holders of a majority of the outstanding voting power of the Convertible Preferred Stock will be required for certain actions, including, among others: (i) dividends or distributions in excess of $50 million or repurchases of Common Stock; (ii) incurrence of additional debt that would exceed certain thresholds; (iii) any merger that may have an adverse effect on the Convertible Preferred Stock; (iv) acquisitions or dispositions in excess of $350 million in the aggregate; (v) additional issuances of preferred stock; and (vi) non-ordinary course affiliate transactions.

 

The Company has also agreed that for so long as Silver Lake beneficially owns the Convertible Preferred Stock and/or Class A Common Stock in an amount equal to at least 75% of the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock initially issued as of the issue date (exclusive of amounts optionally redeemed by the Company), or at least 20% of such shares (inclusive of amounts optionally redeemed by the Company), it shall have the right to appoint one director to the Company’s board of directors.

 

Additional Agreements

 

The Company has also granted Silver Lake customary resale, demand and piggyback registration rights with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock, warrants and shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion or exercise of the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants, respectively, as well as Class A Common Stock acquired by Silver Lake in the future. In addition, if in the first two years following the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock the Company intends to issue new equity securities in a private placement, then Silver Lake will have the right to participate in such equity offering, subject to certain exceptions.

 

Silver Lake has agreed to certain transfer restrictions and standstill provisions, in each case subject to customary exceptions. Among other things, Silver Lake has agreed not to transfer any Convertible Preferred Stock, warrants or shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion or exercise of the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants, respectively, to the Company’s competitors or significant stockholders and, for the first two years following the initial issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock, to any other person other than, among other exceptions, to its affiliates or pursuant to a bona fide pledge.

 

Third Amendment to Credit Agreement

 

On December 12, 2023, the Company and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, and the lenders party thereto, entered into the Third Amendment to Credit Agreement (the “Third Amendment”), which amended the Credit Agreement by and among the Company, the guarantors party thereto, PNC Bank, National Association, and the lenders party thereto, dated as of March 31, 2020 (the “Credit Agreement”), providing for, among other things: (i) revised (x) pricing terms to increase margin by 50 basis points and (y) other pricing terms to be used in calculating various fees under the Credit Agreement; (ii) modifications to certain covenants and events of default; (iii) revised amortization of the term loan; and (iv) certain other technical amendments in relation to the transactions contemplated by the Investment Agreement.

 

 

 

 

The foregoing descriptions of the terms of the Investment Agreement and the Third Amendment are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full texts of the Investment Agreement (including the exhibits thereto) and the Third Amendment (including the Credit Agreement attached thereto as Exhibit A), copies of which are attached hereto as Exhibits 10.1 and 10.2, respectively, and are incorporated herein by reference.

 

Item 3.02. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

As described in Item 1.01 above, the Company has agreed to issue the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants to Silver Lake. The offer and sale of the shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants are being made in reliance an exemption from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) thereof. The information in Item 1.01 above is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.02.

 

Item 8.01. Other Events

 

As described in Item 1.01 above, the Company announced on December 13, 2023 that it has commenced a public tender offer for 100% of the shares of Pagero at a price of SEK 36 in cash per share, equivalent to a total tender value of approximately SEK 5.8 billion.

 

The acceptance period of the offer is expected to commence on or around December 15, 2023 and expire on or around January 23, 2024. An offer document is expected to be made public shortly before the commencement of the acceptance period. Assuming that the offer is declared unconditional after the acceptance period, settlement is expected to begin on or around February 1, 2024.

 

The offer is subject to certain regulatory approvals, the receipt of valid tenders of more than 90% of Pagero’s shares and customary closing conditions.

 

The per-share consideration noted above represents an approximate 71.4% premium to Pagero’s closing price on December 12, 2023, and a 77.1% premium to its prior 30-day volume-weighted average price on the same day.

 

This filing shall not constitute an offer to buy or a solicitation of an offer to sell any Pagero securities. The offer will be made solely pursuant to the applicable offer document, when available. The offer is not being made to holders of securities in any jurisdiction in which the making or acceptance thereof would not be in compliance with the securities, blue sky, or other laws of such jurisdiction.

 

 

 

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Form 8-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements about the anticipated benefits of the Pagero acquisition, the timing of completion of the Pagero acquisition and the issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock and warrants, as well as the information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations, including descriptions of our business plan and strategies. Forward-looking statements are based on Vertex management’s beliefs, as well as assumptions made by, and information currently available to, them. Because such statements are based on expectations as to future financial and operating results and are not statements of fact, actual results may differ materially from those projected. Factors which may cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations include, but are not limited to: our ability to complete the Pagero acquisition on the currently contemplated terms or at all; the outcome of any legal proceedings, regulatory proceedings or enforcement matters that may be instituted relating to the anticipated acquisition; the costs incurred to consummate the Pagero acquisition; the possibility that the expected benefits from the acquisition will not be realized, or will not be realized within the expected time period; difficulties related to the integration of the two companies; disruption from the Pagero acquisition making it more difficult to maintain relationships with customers, employees, regulators, or suppliers; the diversion of management time and attention on the anticipated acquisition; adverse changes in the markets in which Vertex and Pagero operate; our ability to complete the financing for the acquisition on the contemplated terms, or at all; our ability to sustain and expand revenues, maintain profitability, and to effectively manage our anticipated growth; our ability to maintain and expand our strategic relationships with third parties; and the other factors described under the heading “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 as filed with the Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”), as may be subsequently updated by our other SEC filings. Copies of such filings may be obtained from the Company or the SEC.

 

All forward-looking statements reflect our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect future events or circumstances.

 

Item 9.01. Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d) Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
No.
  Description
10.1   Investment Agreement, dated as of December 12, 2023.
10.2   Third Amendment to Credit Agreement by and among Vertex, Inc., the guarantors party thereto, PNC Bank, National Association, and the lenders party, thereto, dated as of December 12, 2023.
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL and contained in Exhibit 101)

 

 

 

  

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

  VERTEX, INC.
     
Date: December 13, 2023 By:  /s/ Bryan Rowland
  Name:  Bryan Rowland
  Title:  General Counsel and Secretary

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 10.1

 

Execution Version

 

VERTEX, INC.

 

INVESTMENT AGREEMENT

 

December 12, 2023

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Page

 

Section 1. Definitions 1
     
Section 2. Rules of Construction 10
(a) Generally 10
     
Section 3. The Purchase and Sale 10
(a) Generally 10
(b) The Closing 11
     
Section 4. Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Company 12
(a) Due Formation, Valid Existence and Good Standing; Power to Perform Obligations 12
(b) Authorization 13
(c) Capitalization 13
(d) Status of Purchased Securities and Underlying Shares 14
(e) Securities Act Matters 15
(f) Rule 144A Matters 15
(g) Non-Contravention 15
(h) No Consents 16
(i) Investment Company Act 16
(j) Accuracy of Covered SEC Filings 16
(k) Internal Control Over Financial Reporting 17
(l) Disclosure Controls and Procedures 17
(m) Registration Rights 17
(n) NASDAQ 17
(o) Litigation 18
(p) Financial Statements 18
(q) Full Disclosure 18
(r) Taxes 19
(s) Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights, Licenses, Etc. 19
(t) Insurance 19
(u) ERISA Compliance 19
(v) Environmental Matters 20
(w) Solvency 20
(x) Anti-Terrorism Laws 20
(y) Anti-Corruption 21
(z) No Brokers or Finders 21
(aa) Bring-Down of Representations and Warranties 21
     
Section 5. Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Investors 21
(a) Authorization, Execution and Delivery of this Agreement 21
(b) Lack of Affiliate Status 21

 

- i -

 

 

(c) Non-Contravention 21
(d) Jurisdiction of Residence 22
(e) No Consents 22
(f) Acknowledgement of Risks; Investment Sophistication 22
(g) No View to Distribution; No Registration 22
(h) Information Provided 23
(i) No Investment, Tax or Other Advice 23
(j) Investment Decision Matters 23
(k) Due Diligence 23
(l) No Regulatory Agency Recommendation or Approval 23
(m) Accredited Investor Status 23
(n) Money Laundering Laws 24
(o) Mutual Negotiation 24
(p) Bring-Down of Representations and Warranties 24
(q) Wall-Cross Matters 24
(r) No Reliance on Centerview 24
(s) No Brokers or Finders 24
     
Section 6. Additional Agreements 25
(a) Negative Covenants 25
(b) Information Rights 26
(c) Restriction on Transfer and Hedging 27
(d) Standstill 29
(e) Listing of Underlying Shares 31
(f) Additional Documentation 32
(g) Legend 32
(h) Confidentiality 32
(i) Corporate Opportunities 33
(j) Director Indemnification 33
(k) Section 16b-3 Matters 34
(l) Corporate Actions 34
(m) Financing Cooperation 35
(n) Antitrust Approval 36
(o) Use of Proceeds 37
(p) DTC Cooperation 37
(q) Indemnification 37
(r) Cooperation 39
(s) Participation Rights 40
     
Section 7. Conditions to Obligations of the Company and the Investors 42
(a) Conditions to the Obligations of the Company and the Investors 42
(b) Conditions to the Obligations of the Company 42
(c) Conditions to the Investors’ Obligations 42
     
Section 8. Termination; Survival 43
(a) Termination Prior to Closing 43
(b) Termination Following the Closing 44

 

- ii -

 

 

(c) Effect of Termination 45
(d) Survival 45
(e) SMR Event 45
     
Section 9. Exclusivity 45
     
Section 10. Tax Matters 47
     
Section 11. Expenses 48
     
Section 12. Miscellaneous 48
(a) Waiver; Amendment 48
(b) Assignability 48
(c) Further Instruments and Acts 48
(d) Waiver of Jury Trial 48
(e) Governing Law 49
(f) Section and Other Headings 49
(g) Counterparts 49
(h) Notices 49
(i) Binding Effect 50
(j) Notification of Changes 50
(k) Severability 50
(l) Entire Agreement 50
(m) Non-Recourse 51
(n) Reliance by Centerview 51

 

Schedules and Exhibits

 

Schedule A: Investor Purchase Schedule      SA-1
   
Schedule B: List of Competitors      SB-1
   
Exhibit A: Form of Certificate of Designations      A-1
   
Exhibit B: Form of Registration Rights Agreement      B-1
   
Exhibit C: Form of Warrant      C-1
   
Exhibit D: Form of Investor Information      D-1
   
Exhibit E: Form of Opinion of Latham & Watkins LLP      E-1
   
Exhibit F: Form of Services Agreement      F-1
   
Annex A: Tender Offer Documents      AA-1
   
Annex B: Third Amendment to the Senior Credit Agreement      AB-1
   
Annex C: Form of Joinder      AC-1

 

- iii -

 

 

INVESTMENT AGREEMENT

 

This INVESTMENT AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”), dated as of December 12, 2023, among Vertex, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), and the undersigned investors from time to time party hereto (each, an “Investor”).

 

WHEREAS, substantially concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, the Company has initiated a public offer to the shareholders of Pagero Group AB (publ) (the “Target”) to tender all shares in the Target at a price of SEK 36 per share (the “Tender Offer”) under the terms of the offering documents distributed to Target shareholders on or about the date hereof in the form attached as Annex A (as amended or supplemented from time to time, the “Tender Offer Documents”); and

 

WHEREAS, the Company desires to issue and sell to the respective Investors, and each Investor desires to purchase from the Company, Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrants (each as defined in Section 1) in the amounts and on the terms set forth in this Agreement.

 

THEREFORE, the Company and each Investor agree as follows.

 

Section 1.      Definitions.

Action” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(q)(i).

Additional Investment” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s)(i).

Additional Investment Agreement” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s)(i).

Additional Securities” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s)(iii).

affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person which directly or indirectly controls or is controlled by or is under common control with such Person. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (i) the Company and the Company’s Subsidiaries shall not be considered affiliates of any Investor or any Investor’s affiliates and (ii) for purposes of the definition of “Silver Lake Group,” Section 6(d) and Section 6(h), no portfolio company of any affiliate of Silver Lake Group, L.L.C. that serves as general partner of, or manages or advises, any investment fund or other investment entity affiliated with Silver Lake Group, L.L.C., the Investors or their respective affiliates shall be deemed an affiliate of the applicable Investor and its other affiliates so long as such portfolio company (x) has not been directed, encouraged, instructed, assisted, advised or supported by, or coordinated with, the applicable Investor or any of its affiliates in carrying out any act prohibited by this Agreement, (y) is not a member of a group (as such term is defined in Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) with either the Investors or any of their respective affiliates with respect to any securities of the Company and (z) has not received from the applicable Investor or any affiliate of such Investor, directly or indirectly, any Confidential Information concerning the Company or its business. As used in this definition, “control” (including its correlative meanings, “controlled by” and “under common control with”) shall mean possession, directly or indirectly, of power to direct or cause the direction of management or policies (whether through ownership of securities or partnership or other ownership interests, by contract or otherwise).

- 1 -

 

Antitrust Law” means the HSR Act, the Sherman Antitrust Act, the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, the Federal Trade Commission Act and any other U.S. or foreign laws that are designed to prohibit, restrict or regulate actions for the purpose or effect of mergers, monopolization, restraining trade or abusing a dominant position.

Anti-Terrorism Laws” means any laws relating to terrorism, trade sanctions programs and embargoes, import/export licensing, money laundering, corruption or bribery (including Executive Order No. 13224, the USA Patriot Act, the laws comprising or implementing the Bank Secrecy Act, the FCPA, and the laws administered by OFAC, the United States Department of State, the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, any European Union member state, His Majesty’s Treasury of the United Kingdom (or any other relevant Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the Company or any Subsidiary thereof), and any regulation, order, or directive promulgated, issued or enforced pursuant to such laws, as any of the foregoing laws may be amended, supplemented renewed, extended or replaced from time to time.

Board” means the board of directors of the Company.

Business Day” means any day except a Saturday, a Sunday or other day on which banks in the City of New York or in Stockholm, Sweden, are authorized or required by law to be closed.

Capitalization Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 4(c)(i).

Centerview” means Centerview Partners LLC.

Certificate of Designations” means the Company’s Certificate of Designations establishing the terms of the Convertible Preferred Stock, substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit A hereto, to be filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware.

Class A Common Stock” means the Class A Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company.

Class B Common Stock” means the Class B Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company.

Closing” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(b)(i).

Closing Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(b)(i).

Code” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Common Stock” means the Class A Common Stock and the Class B Common Stock.

Company” has the meaning set forth in the first paragraph of this Agreement.

Company Fundamental Representations” means the representations set forth in Sections 4(a) (with respect to the Company only), (b), (c), (d), (g), (h), (x), (y) and (z).

Company Plans” means the Company’s 2020 Incentive Award Plan and the Company’s 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, in each case as amended and restated from time to time.

- 2 -

 

Competing Financing” means any direct or indirect financing, issuance, incurrence, transaction or proposal for the foregoing, for the purpose of providing financing for the Tender Offer or any other purchase of Target securities or assets including, without limitation, any other type of security, cash or indebtedness of the Company or its affiliates that would serve as an alternative to, or otherwise prevent or reduce the amount of Purchased Shares to be issued and sold to the Investors under this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, neither the amendment of the Senior Credit Agreement in connection with the Transactions nor any utilization of the revolving facility thereunder to pay any amounts due in connection with the Tender Offer in excess of the Purchase Price of the Purchased Shares will be considered a Competing Financing.

Competitor” means any Person that is identified as a competitor of the Company on Schedule B hereto, or on such other list of competitors as may be modified from time to time upon mutual agreement by the parties hereto (such agreement not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed) and (ii) any affiliate of any such Person specified in clause (i); provided that no Person that is primarily engaged in (or advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in) making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in equity securities, loans, notes, bonds and similar extensions of credit or other equity or debt securities in the ordinary course of business shall be deemed to be a Competitor or an affiliate of a Competitor hereunder unless such Person is a fund or sponsor that actually controls a competitor marked with an asterisk on Schedule B hereto or any such other list of competitors described above (with “control” meaning the authority to direct or determine the management and activities of such entity).

Confidential Information” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(h).

Conversion Shares” means the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock.

Convertible Preferred Stock” means the Company’s 11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock having the terms set forth in, and governed by, the Certificate of Designations.

Covered SEC Filings” means each of the following documents, in the form they were filed with the SEC and including any amendments thereto filed with the SEC: (a) the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022; (b) the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2023, June 30, 2023 and September 30, 2023; (c) those portions of the Company’s 2023 Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A that are incorporated by reference into the Annual Report referred to in clause (a) above; and (d) the Company’s Current Reports on Form 8-K (excluding any Current Reports or portions thereof that are furnished, and not filed, pursuant to Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K, and any related exhibits) filed with the SEC after December 31, 2022.

DTC” means The Depository Trust Company.

DWAC” means DTC’s Deposit and Withdrawal at Custodian program.

DWAC Deposit” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(b)(ii)(2).

- 3 -

 

Environmental Laws” shall mean all applicable federal, state, local, tribal, territorial and foreign laws (including common law), constitutions, statutes, treaties, regulations, rules, ordinances and codes and any consent decrees, settlement agreements, judgments, orders, directives, policies or programs issued by or entered into with a Governmental Authority pertaining or relating to: (i) pollution or pollution control; (ii) protection of human health from exposure to regulated substances; (iii) protection of the environment and/or natural resources; (iv) employee safety in the workplace; (v) the presence, use, management, generation, manufacture, processing, extraction, treatment, recycling, refining, reclamation, labeling, packaging, sale, transport, storage, collection, distribution, disposal or release or threat of release of regulated substances; (vi) the presence of contamination; (vii) the protection of endangered or threatened species; and (viii) the protection of environmentally sensitive areas.

  

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time, and any successor statute of similar import, and the rules and regulations thereunder, as from time to time in effect.

ERISA Event” means (i) with respect to a Pension Plan, a reportable event under Section 4043 of ERISA as to which event (after taking into account notice waivers provided for in the regulations) there is a duty to give notice to the PBGC; (ii) a withdrawal by the Company or any member of the ERISA Group from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (iii) a complete or partial withdrawal by the Company or any member of the ERISA Group from a Multiemployer Plan, notification that a Multiemployer Plan is in reorganization, or occurrence of an event described in Section 4041A(a) of ERISA that results in the termination of a Multiemployer Plan; (iv) the filing of a notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan, the treatment of a Pension Plan amendment as a termination under Section 4041(e) of ERISA, or the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan; (v) an event or condition which constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan; or (vi) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon the Company or any member of the ERISA Group.

ERISA Group” means the Company and all members of a controlled group of corporations and all trades or businesses (whether or not incorporated) under common control and all other entities which, together with the Company, are treated as a single employer under Section 414 of the Code or Section 4001(b)(1) of ERISA.

Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Excluded Securities” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s)(iii).

Existing Registration Rights Agreement” means that certain Third Amended and Restated Stockholders’ Agreement, dated as of July 28, 2020, by and among the Company and the stockholders of the Company party thereto, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time.

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FCPA” means the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, and the rules and regulations thereunder.

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles as are in effect from time to time and applied on a consistent basis both as to classification of items and amounts.

Governmental Authority” means any government, court, regulatory or administrative agency, commission, arbitrator or authority or other legislative, executive or judicial governmental entity (in each case including any self-regulatory organization), whether federal, state or local, domestic, foreign or multinational.

Hedge” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(c)(ii).

HSR Act” means the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, together with all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Identified Person(s)” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(h)(i).

Indemnitee” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(q)(i).

Indemnification Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(q)(ii).

Investor” has the meaning set forth in the first paragraph of this Agreement.

Investor Indemnitors” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(j).

Investor Majority” means Investors holding a majority in Liquidation Preference (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) of the Convertible Preferred Stock held by the Investors or, if the Purchased Securities have not been issued, Investors that will purchase a majority of the Purchased Shares in accordance with the terms of this Agreement as set forth on Schedule A hereto.

Investor Parties” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(k).

IRS” means the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

Issuer Agreement” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(m).

Joinder” means, with respect to any Person permitted to sign such document in accordance with the terms hereof, a joinder executed and delivered by such Person, providing such Person to have all or a portion of the rights and obligations of an Investor under this Agreement, in form and substance substantially as attached hereto as Annex C or such other form as may be agreed to by the Company and such Investor.

Lien” means any mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, lien, security interest, charge or other encumbrance or security arrangement of any nature whatsoever, whether voluntarily or involuntarily given, including any conditional sale or title retention arrangement, and any assignment, deposit arrangement or lease intended as, or having the effect of, security.

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Lock-Up Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(c)(ii).

Losses” means all losses, claims, damages, liabilities, costs, expenses (including reasonable and documented expenses of investigation and reasonable and documented attorneys’ fees and expenses), judgments, fines, penalties, charges and amounts paid in settlement.

Material Adverse Effect” means a material adverse effect on the business, properties, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company, the Target and their respective subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or on the performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement.

Multiemployer Plan” means any employee pension benefit plan which is a “multiemployer plan” within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA and to which the Company or any member of the ERISA Group is then making or accruing an obligation to make contributions or, within the preceding five plan years, has made or had an obligation to make such contributions.

NASDAQ” means the Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.

OFAC” means the U.S. Treasury Department Office of Foreign Assets Control.

Offer Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s).

Participation Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s).

Participation Notice Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(s).

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation established pursuant to Subtitle A of Title IV of ERISA or any successor.

Pension Plan” means at any time an “employee pension benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA) (including a “multiple employer plan” as described in Sections 4063 and 4064 of ERISA, but not a Multiemployer Plan) which is covered by Title IV of ERISA or is subject to the minimum funding standards under Section 412 or Section 430 of the Code and either is sponsored, maintained or contributed to by any member of the ERISA Group for employees of any member of the ERISA Group.

Permitted Loan” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(c)(iii)(2).

Permitted Transferee” means (i) any affiliate of such Investor (including any affiliates or other members of the Silver Lake Group), (ii) any successor entity of such Investor or (iii) any investment fund, vehicle, holding company or similar entity for separately managed accounts with respect to which such Investor or any of its affiliates serves as a general partner, managing member, manager or advisor, or any successor entity of the entities described in this clause for so long as such Investor and/or an affiliate thereof continues to retain, on a combined basis, sole control of the voting and disposition of the Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants (for clarity, it being understood that at such time such Investor and/or an affiliate thereof no longer retains, on a combined basis, such sole control, that such event shall constitute a Transfer to a Person who is not a Permitted Transferee); provided, that in no event shall (x) any “portfolio company” (as such term is customarily used in the private equity industry) or (y) any Competitor of the Company (whether or not an affiliate of the Investor) constitute a “Permitted Transferee.”

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Person” means any individual, corporation, limited liability company, limited or general partnership, joint venture, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, government or any agency or political subdivision thereof, any other form of entity or any group comprised of two or more of the foregoing.

Preferred Stock” means the Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company.

Purchase Price” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).

Purchased Securities” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).

Purchased Shares” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).

Purchased Warrants” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).

Registration Rights Agreement” means a registration rights agreement among the Company and the Investors, substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit B hereto.

Representatives” means, (i) with respect to an Investor, its and its affiliates’ officers, managers, directors, general partners, employees, advisors, outside counsel, accountants and consultants and (ii) with respect to the Company, its members, directors, stockholders, officers, employees, agents, affiliates, partners and advisors and those of its subsidiaries, affiliates and/or divisions (including, without limitation, attorneys, accountants, consultants and financial advisors).

Sanctioned Jurisdiction” means any country, territory, or region that is the subject of comprehensive sanctions administered by OFAC, the E.U., the U.K. or any Governmental Authority of a jurisdiction whose laws apply to this Agreement, which countries, territories, and regions include as of the date hereof the Crimea region of Ukraine, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria and the separatist-controlled portions of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine.

Sanctioned Person” means: (i) any Person that is the subject of sanctions administered by OFAC or the U.S. Department of State, including by virtue of being named on OFAC’s list of “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons”; (ii) a Person that is the subject of sanctions maintained by the European Union (the “E.U.”), including by virtue of being named on the E.U.’s “Consolidated list of persons, groups and entities subject to E.U. financial sanctions” or other, similar lists; (iii) a Person that is the subject of sanctions maintained by the United Kingdom (the “U.K.”), including by virtue of being named on the “Consolidated List Of Financial Sanctions Targets in the U.K.” or other, similar lists; (iv) a Person that is the subject of sanctions imposed by any Governmental Authority of a jurisdiction whose laws apply to this Agreement; (v) a Person organized under the laws of, ordinarily resident in, or physically located in a Sanctioned Jurisdiction; or (vi) a Person owned or controlled 50% or more in the aggregate by one or more Persons described in clauses (i) through (v).

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SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

  

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Securities Laws” means any laws applicable to the Tender Offer, or any other acquisition by the Company of shares or other securities in the Target, in Sweden, including without limitation the Swedish Takeover Act (Sw. lag (2006:451) om offentliga uppköpserbjudanden på aktiemarknaden), Nasdaq Stockholm’s Takeover Rules, the Swedish Securities Council’s statements and the EU Market Abuse Regulation (EU) 596/2014, or elsewhere.

Services Agreement” means the services agreement to be entered into on the Closing Date by and between the Company and an affiliate of the Investors, substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit F hereto.

Senior Credit Agreement” means that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of March 31, 2020, by and among the Company, the guarantors party thereto, the lenders party thereto and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, including any notes, mortgages, guarantees, collateral documents, instruments and agreements executed in connection therewith, as amended (including, but not limited to, by the First Amendment, dated as of April 3, 2020, the Second Amendment, dated as of March 8, 2022, and the Third Amendment, dated as of December 12, 2023), as restated, supplemented, waived, renewed or otherwise modified from time to time.

Silver Lake Group” shall mean each of the Investors, together with their respective affiliates, including SL Affiliates.

SL Affiliate” shall mean any affiliate of Silver Lake Group, L.L.C. that serves as general partner of, or manages or advises, any investment fund or other investment entity affiliated with Silver Lake Group, L.L.C. that has a direct or indirect investment in the Company.

SMR Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 9(d).

Solvent” means, with respect to any Person on any date of determination, taking into account any right of reimbursement, contribution or similar right available to such Person from other Persons, that on such date (i) the fair value of the property of such Person is greater than the total amount of liabilities, including contingent liabilities, of such Person, (ii) the present fair saleable value of the assets of such Person is not less than the amount that will be required to pay the probable liability of such Person on its debts as they become absolute and matured, (iii) such Person is able to realize upon its assets and pay its debts and other liabilities, contingent obligations and other commitments as they mature in the normal course of business, (iv) such Person does not intend to, and does not believe that it will, incur debts or liabilities beyond such Person’s ability to pay as such debts and liabilities mature and (v) such Person is not engaged in business or a transaction, and is not about to engage in business or a transaction, for which such Person’s property would constitute unreasonably small capital after giving due consideration to the prevailing practice in the industry in which such Person is engaged. In computing the amount of contingent liabilities at any time, it is intended that such liabilities will be computed at the amount which, in light of all the facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that can reasonably be expected to become an actual or matured liability.

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Specified Courts” has the meaning set forth in Section 12(g).

Standstill Period Fall-Away Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 6(d).

Stockholder Approval Requirement” means the requirement to obtain stockholder approval under the listing requirements of NASDAQ or any other securities exchange upon which the Class A Common Stock is then listed solely as a result of the issuance of the Additional Securities to the Investors in an Additional Investment, which approval would not be required but for issuance of such Additional Securities to the Investors.

Subsidiary” of any Person at any time means any corporation, trust, partnership, limited liability company or other business entity (i) of which more than 50% of the outstanding voting securities or other interests normally entitled to vote for the election of one or more directors or trustees (regardless of any contingency which does or may suspend or dilute the voting rights) is at such time owned directly or indirectly by such Person or one or more of such Person’s Subsidiaries, or (ii) which is controlled or capable of being controlled by such Person or one or more of such Person’s Subsidiaries.

Target” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

Tender Offer” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Tender Offer Documents” has the meaning set forth in the recitals to this Agreement.

Termination Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 8(a)(ii).

Transaction Expenses” has the meaning set forth in Section 11.

Transactions” means the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement, the Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement, including the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities under this Agreement and the issuance of the Underlying Shares upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock in the manner contemplated by the Certificate of Designations and the Convertible Preferred Stock or upon exercise of the Warrants pursuant to the terms of the Warrants, as applicable, the use of the proceeds therefrom and the consummation of the Tender Offer in accordance with the terms of the Tender Offer Documents.

Transfer” means, directly or indirectly, to sell, transfer, assign, pledge, encumber, hypothecate or similarly dispose of, either voluntarily or involuntarily, or to enter into any contract, option or other arrangement or understanding with respect to the sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance, hypothecation or similar disposition of, any shares of equity securities beneficially owned by any Person or any interest in any shares of equity securities beneficially owned by a Person; provided that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, a Transfer shall not include (i) the redemption or other acquisition of Class A Common Stock by the Company or (ii) the direct or indirect transfer of any limited partnership interests or other equity interests in any Investor (or any direct or indirect parent entity of an Investor), including the direct or indirect transfer of any interest in (x) the managing member or similar controlling entity or entities of the general partner or similar controlling entity(ies) of the general partner or similar controlling entity or entities of the Investor or any of its affiliates, (y) the general partner or similar controlling entity or entities of the general partner or similar controlling entity or entities of the Investor or any of its affiliates or (z) any direct or indirect member of any managing member or similar controlling entity identified in clauses (x) or (y) (provided that if any transferor or transferee referred to in this clause (ii) ceases to be controlled (directly or indirectly) by the Person (directly or indirectly) controlling such Person immediately prior to such transfer, such event shall be deemed to constitute a “Transfer”).

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Transfer Agent” means Equiniti Trust Company, acting in its capacity as the DTC custodian for the Convertible Preferred Stock, or any successor transfer agent.

Underlying Shares” means, collectively, the Conversion Shares and the Warrant Shares.

Warrant Shares” means the shares of Class A Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants.

Warrants” means warrants to purchase shares of Class A Common Stock in the form attached hereto as Exhibit C issued on the Closing Date.

Section 2.      Rules of Construction.

(a)            Generally. For purposes of this Agreement:

(i)            “including” means “including without limitation”;

(ii)           “will” expresses a command;

(iii)          words in the singular include the plural and in the plural include the singular, unless the context requires otherwise;

(iv)          “herein,” “hereof” and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular Section or other subdivision of this Agreement, unless the context requires otherwise;

(v)           references to currency mean the lawful currency of the United States of America, unless the context requires otherwise; and

(vi)          the exhibits, schedules and other attachments to this Agreement are deemed to form part of this Agreement.

Section 3.      The Purchase and Sale.

(a)            Generally. Subject to the other terms of this Agreement, the Company agrees to issue and sell to the respective Investor, and each Investor agrees to purchase from the Company, the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock set forth opposite the name of such Investor in Schedule A hereto (the “Purchased Shares”) and the number of Warrants set forth opposite the name of such Investor in Schedule A hereto (the “Purchased Warrants” and, together with the Purchased Shares, the “Purchased Securities”), at the cash purchase price set forth opposite the name of such Investor in Schedule A hereto (the “Purchase Price”).

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(b)            The Closing.

(i)            Closing Date and Location. The closing of the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities pursuant to this Agreement (the “Closing”) will take place at the offices of Latham & Watkins LLP, 555 11th Street, N.W., Suite 1000, Washington, D.C. 20004 on (1) such date on which the conditions to Closing set forth in Section 7 are satisfied or waived or (2) such other time and place as the Company and the Investors may agree in writing (such later date, the “Closing Date”). The Company will provide written notice of the Closing Date to the Investors at least three Business Days prior to the Closing Date, which notice shall designate the account to which the Investors will wire the Purchase Price.

(ii)            Delivery of Purchase Price and Purchased Securities.

(1)            Purchase Price. Subject to satisfaction of the applicable conditions precedent specified in this Agreement, at or prior to 9 a.m., New York City time, on the Closing Date, each Investor agrees to pay to the Company, by wire transfer to the account previously designated by the Company, the aggregate Purchase Price of the Purchased Securities to be purchased by such Investor pursuant to this Agreement.

(2)            DWAC Deposit. DTC will act as securities depositary for the Convertible Preferred Stock. Subject to satisfaction of the applicable conditions precedent specified in this Agreement, at or prior to 9:30 a.m. New York City time on the Closing Date, each Investor agrees to direct an eligible DTC participant to submit a DWAC deposit instruction (the “DWAC Deposit”) to the Transfer Agent for the aggregate number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that such Investor is entitled to receive pursuant to this Agreement, or comply with such other settlement procedures mutually agreed in writing by such Investor and the Company.

(3)            Issuance and Delivery of Convertible Preferred Stock. No shares of Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants will be delivered before the Purchase Price therefor is received in accordance with Section 3(b)(ii). On the Closing Date, subject to satisfaction of the conditions precedent specified in this Agreement, the Company will (i) issue the Purchased Shares to each Investor pursuant to this Agreement and direct the Transfer Agent to deliver, by acceptance of the DWAC Deposit therefor, such shares to such Investor to the DTC account of such Investor specified by the Investor prior to the Closing Date in the form set forth on Exhibit D hereto (or comply with such other settlement procedures mutually agreed in writing by the Company and such Investor) and (ii) issue and deliver the Purchased Warrants to each Investor pursuant to this Agreement, registered in the name of each Investor in certificated form.

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(4)            Acknowledgment of DWAC Posting Expiration. Each Investor acknowledges that the DWAC Deposit must be posted on the Closing Date and that if it is posted before the Closing Date, then it will expire unaccepted and must be resubmitted on the Closing Date.

(5)            Delay of Closing. If the Transfer Agent is unable to locate the DWAC Deposit for any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock or such DWAC Deposit does not conform to the shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be issued pursuant to this Agreement, then the Company will promptly notify the relevant Investor. If, because of the occurrence of an event described in the preceding sentence, any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock are not delivered on the Closing Date, then such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock will be delivered on the first business day following the Closing Date on which all applicable conditions set forth in the preceding sentence of this have been cured.

(6)            Registration Rights Agreement. At the Closing, (A) the Investors shall deliver to the Company the Registration Rights Agreement, duly executed by each Investor, and (B) the Company shall deliver to the Investors the Registration Rights Agreement, duly executed by the Company.

(7)            Services Agreement. At the Closing, (A) the Investors shall deliver to the Company the Services Agreement, duly executed by the applicable affiliate of the Investors, and (B) the Company shall deliver to the Investors the Services Agreement, duly executed by the Company.

Section 4.      Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Company. The Company represents and warrants (it being understood and agreed that prior to the Closing, all representations and warranties of the Company with respect to the Target or any of its Subsidiaries are made to the best knowledge of the Company after due inquiry) to the Investors as of the date hereof and as of the Closing (except to the extent made only as of a specified date, in which case such representation and warranty is made as of such date) that, except as disclosed in any Covered SEC Filing (other than with respect to Sections 4(a) through (f) and (i)):

(a)            Due Formation, Valid Existence and Good Standing; Power to Perform Obligations. The Company, the Target and each of their respective Subsidiaries is duly formed, validly existing and in good standing (to the extent that the concept of “good standing” is recognized by the applicable jurisdiction) under the laws of its jurisdiction of organization, with full power and authority to conduct its business as it is currently being conducted and to own its assets, except (other than with respect to the Company’s due formation, valid existence and good standing) as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

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(b)            Authorization. The Company has all necessary corporate power and authority and has taken all necessary corporate action required for the due authorization, execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement, the Purchased Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement, and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, the filing of the Certificate of Designations with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware and, following the effectiveness of such actions, for the due authorization, issuance, sale and delivery of the Purchased Securities and the reservation, issuance and delivery of the Underlying Shares. This Agreement has been, and the Purchased Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement at the Closing will be, duly executed and delivered by the Company. Assuming due execution and delivery thereof by each of the other parties hereto or thereto, this Agreement, the Purchased Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement will each be a valid and binding obligation of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable laws relating to bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar legal requirement relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally and except as such enforceability is subject to general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law). Pursuant to resolutions previously provided to the Investors, the Board has approved, and at the request of any Investor will approve in advance of the Closing, for the express purpose of exempting each such transaction from Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act, pursuant to Rule 16b-3 thereunder to the extent applicable and permitted by law, the transactions contemplated herein, including the acquisition of the Purchased Securities, any disposition of such Purchased Securities upon the exercise or conversion thereof, any acquisition of Class A Common Stock upon exercise or conversion or other disposition thereof, any deemed acquisition or disposition in connection therewith and all transactions with the Company related thereto.

(c)            Capitalization.

(i)            The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of 300,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock, 150,000,000 shares of Class B Common Stock and 30,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock. Of such Preferred Stock, upon the filing of the Certificate of Designations with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware, 500,000 shares will be designated as the “11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock.” As of December 11, 2023 (the “Capitalization Date”), (1) 60,916,071 shares of Class A Common Stock were issued and outstanding, (2) 92,661,000 shares of Class B Common Stock were issued and outstanding, (3) (A) 91,255 restricted stock awards issued and outstanding under the Company Plans and (B) 4,195,341 restricted stock unit awards issued and outstanding under the Company Plans and (4) no shares of Preferred Stock are issued or outstanding. Since the Capitalization Date, there have been no subsequent issuances of capital stock or other equity interests of the Company or subscriptions, options, warrants, calls, convertible securities or other similar rights, agreements or commitments of the Company other than pursuant to this Agreement, upon the conversion of shares of Class B Common Stock, upon the vesting or exercise of awards described in Section 4(c)(i)(3) or pursuant to grants of awards under the Company Plans in the ordinary course of business.

(ii)           Except for obligations under the Company Plans in the ordinary course of business, the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or as set forth in this Section 4(c), as of the date hereof, there are no outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity interests in the Company or subscriptions, options, warrants, calls, convertible securities, exchangeable securities or other similar rights, agreements or commitments.

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(iii)          All of the issued and outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock and Class B Common Stock of the Company have been duly authorized and are validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.

(iv)          Other than pursuant to this Agreement, the Warrants and shares reserved for issuance under outstanding awards and under the Company Plans as described in Section 4(c)(i) and pursuant to any conversion of Class B Common Stock into Class A Common Stock, (A) there is not any commitment, agreement, arrangement or obligation of the Company to issue any subscription, warrant, option, convertible security or other such right or to issue or distribute capital stock of, or other equity or voting interest (or voting debt) in, the Company; (B) the Company has no obligation to purchase, redeem or otherwise acquire any shares of its capital stock or to pay any dividend or make any other distribution in respect thereof; (C) there are no obligations of the Company to grant, extend or enter into any subscription, warrant, right, convertible or exchangeable security or other similar agreement or commitment relating to any capital stock of, or other equity or voting interests (or voting debt) in, the Company; (D) there are no outstanding shares of capital stock of, or other equity or voting interests of any character in, the Company as of the date hereof other than shares that have become outstanding after the Capitalization Date which were reserved for issuance as of the Capitalization Date as set forth in Section 4(c)(i) or pursuant to the exercise, after the Capitalization Date, of outstanding stock options described in Section 4(c)(i); and (E) there are no agreements, arrangements or commitments between the Company and any Person relating to the acquisition, disposition or voting of the capital stock of, or other equity or voting interest (or voting debt) in, the Company. Other than pursuant to the Existing Registration Rights Agreement, there exists no preemptive right, whether arising by operation of law, under the Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws or any contract, or otherwise, with respect to the issuance of any capital stock of the Company.

(d)            Status of Purchased Securities and Underlying Shares.

(i)            The Purchased Shares, when issued and delivered against payment therefor in the manner set forth in this Agreement, will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and such issuance will not be subject to any preemptive or similar rights, except as have been or will be duly complied with prior to the Closing.

(ii)           Subject to the terms of the Certificate of Designations and the Convertible Preferred Stock, the Convertible Preferred Stock will be convertible into shares of Class A Common Stock, cash or a combination of shares of Class A Common Stock and cash, pursuant to the terms of the Certificate of Designations. Subject to the terms of the Warrants, the Warrants will be exercisable for shares of Class A Common Stock. The Company has duly authorized and reserved a number of shares of Class A Common Stock for issuance upon (x) conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the Initial Share Reserve Requirement (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) and (y) exercise of the Warrants equal to the maximum number of shares of Class A Common Stock initially issuable upon exercise of the Warrants if such exercise were to occur immediately following Closing, and, when the Underlying Shares are issued upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock in accordance with the terms of the Certificate of Designations and the Convertible Preferred Stock or upon exercise of the Warrants in accordance with the terms of the Warrants, such Underlying Shares will be validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and the issuance of any such Underlying Shares will not be subject to any preemptive or similar rights, except as have been or will be duly complied with prior to the Closing.

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(iii)          None of the Purchased Securities and Underlying Shares will be, when issued, subject to any restrictions on transfer under applicable law or any contract to which the Company is a party, other than, in the case of restrictions on transfer, those under applicable state and federal securities laws, Section 6(c) of this Agreement, Section 2(e) of the Warrants and/or Section 3(h) of the Certificate of Designations, as applicable. When issued in accordance with the terms hereof, the terms of the Warrants and/or the terms of the Certificate of Designations (as applicable), the Purchased Securities and the Underlying Shares will be free and clear of all Liens (other than Liens incurred by the Investors or their respective affiliates).

(e)            Securities Act Matters. Assuming the accuracy of the representations and warranties of each Investor, the issuance of the Purchased Securities pursuant to this Agreement is exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act. Without limiting the foregoing, neither the Company nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any other Person authorized by the Company to act on its behalf, has engaged in a general solicitation or general advertising (within the meaning of Regulation D under the Securities Act) of investors with respect to offers or sales of Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants, and neither the Company nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any Person acting on its behalf has made any offers or sales of any security or solicited any offers to buy any security under circumstances that would cause the offering or issuance of Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants under this Agreement to be integrated with prior offerings by the Company for purposes of the Securities Act that would result in Regulation D or any other applicable exemption from registration under the Securities Act not to be available, nor will the Company take any action or steps that would cause the offering or issuance of Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants under this Agreement to be integrated with other offerings by the Company.

(f)            Rule 144A Matters. When issued pursuant to this Agreement, neither the Convertible Preferred Stock nor the Warrants will be of the same class as securities that are listed on a national securities exchange registered under Section 6 of the Exchange Act or quoted on a U.S. automated inter-dealer quotation system.

(g)            Non-Contravention. The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement, the Purchased Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement, including the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities and the issuance of the Underlying Shares upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock in the manner contemplated by the Certificate of Designations and the Convertible Preferred Stock or upon exercise of the Warrants pursuant to the terms of the Warrants, as applicable, and the consummation by the Company of the other transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, will not: (i) contravene any law, rule or regulation binding on, or any judgment or order of any Governmental Authority applicable to, the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries; (ii) constitute a breach or violation of or result in a default under any judgment, order, writ or decree applicable to the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries or any loan agreement, mortgage, lease or other agreement or instrument to which the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries is a party or by which any of them is bound or accelerate the Company’s or, if applicable, any the Target’s or their respective Subsidiaries’ obligations under any such instrument; (iii) result in the creation of any Lien upon any assets of the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries or the suspension, revocation or forfeiture of any permit or license granted by a Governmental Authority to the Company, the Target or any of its Subsidiaries, other than Liens under federal or state securities laws or Liens created by the Investors; or (iv) constitute a breach or violation or result in a default under the organizational documents of the Company, the Target or their respective Subsidiaries, except, in the case of clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) above, for such contraventions, conflicts, violations or defaults that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

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(h)            No Consents. No consent, approval, authorization, order, license, registration or qualification of or with any Governmental Authority is required for the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of its obligations under this Agreement, the Certificate of Designations, the Purchased Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement, including the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities and the issuance of the Underlying Shares upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock in the manner contemplated by the Certificate of Designations and the Convertible Preferred Stock or upon exercise of the Warrants pursuant to the terms of the Warrants, as applicable, and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby, except for (1) the Requisite Stockholder Approval (as defined in the Certificate of Designations), (2) required clearances, approvals or authorizations of filings and registrations with, and notifications to government authorities under applicable Antitrust Laws, including the waiting period under the HSR Act, (3) such as have been obtained or made (or will, at the Closing, have been obtained or made), (4) any filings as may be required under the Exchange Act, (5) the listing of the Underlying Shares with NASDAQ or (6) such other consents, approvals, authorizations, orders, licenses, registrations or qualifications that, if not obtained, made or given, would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(i)             Investment Company Act. The Company is not and, after giving effect to the Transactions, will not be required to register as an “investment company” within the meaning of the U.S. Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the SEC thereunder.

(j)             Accuracy of Covered SEC Filings. The Company has filed or furnished, as applicable, all forms, reports, schedules and other statements required to be filed or furnished by it with the SEC under the Exchange Act since January 1, 2021. As of their respective dates and, if amended, as of the date of the last such amendment, the Covered SEC Filings complied in all material respects as to form with the applicable requirements of the Exchange Act and any rules and regulations promulgated thereunder applicable to such Covered SEC Filings. The Covered SEC Filings, taken as a whole, do not include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

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(k)             Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. The Company has disclosed, based on its most recent evaluation prior to the date hereof, to the Company’s outside auditors and the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors (a) any significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information and (b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

(l)             Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company has established and maintains, and at all times since January 1, 2023 has maintained, disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15 and 15d-15 under the Exchange Act) that are (i) designed to provide reasonable assurance that material information relating to the Company, including its Subsidiaries, that is required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it furnishes or files under the Exchange Act is reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC and that such material information is communicated to the Company’s management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. and (ii) sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (A) transactions are executed in accordance with Company management’s general or specific authorization, (B) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP, consistently applied, and to maintain accountability for assets, (C) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with Company management’s general or specific authorization and (D) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences. There are no “significant deficiencies” or “material weaknesses” (as defined by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board) in the design or operation of the Company’s internal controls over, and procedures relating to, financial reporting which would reasonably be expected to adversely affect in any material respect the Company’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial data, in each case which has not been subsequently remediated. Since January 1, 2023, there has not been any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries who have a significant role in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting. As of the date of this Agreement, to the knowledge of the Company, there is no reason that its outside auditors and its chief executive officer and chief financial officer will not be able to give the certifications and attestations required pursuant to the rules and regulations adopted pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, without qualification, when next due.

(m)            Registration Rights. Except as provided in the Existing Registration Rights Agreement or the Registration Rights Agreement, the Company has not granted any rights to register under the Securities Act any of its presently outstanding securities or any of its securities that may be issued subsequently.

(n)            NASDAQ. The Company’s Class A Common Stock is listed on NASDAQ, and no event has occurred, and the Company is not aware of any event that is reasonably likely to occur, that would result in the Class A Common Stock being delisted from NASDAQ. The Company is in compliance in all material respects with the listing and listing maintenance requirements of NASDAQ applicable to it for the continued trading of its Class A Common Stock on NASDAQ.

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(o)            Litigation. There are no actions, suits, proceedings or investigations pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries, at law or in equity, before any Governmental Authority which individually or in the aggregate would reasonably be expected to result in any Material Adverse Effect. None of the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries are in violation of any order, writ, injunction or any decree of any Governmental Authority which would reasonably be expected to result in any Material Adverse Effect.

  

(p)            Financial Statements.

(i)            Historical Statements. The Company has delivered to each Investor copies of its audited consolidated year-end financial statements for and as of the end of the two fiscal years ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022. In addition, the Company has delivered to each Investor copies of its unaudited consolidated financial statements as of the end of the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2023 (all such statements being collectively referred to as the “Statements”); provided that delivery will be deemed to have occurred by virtue of the Company’s having filed such Statements with the SEC. The Statements were compiled from the books and records maintained by the Company’s management, are correct and complete in all material aspects and fairly present, in all material respects, the consolidated financial condition of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of the respective dates thereof and the results of operations for the fiscal periods then ended and have been prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied, subject (in the case of the March 31, June 30 and September 30, 2023 unaudited financial statements) to normal year-end audit adjustments (which adjustments would appear with the year-end audited statements) and the absence of footnotes.

(ii)            Accuracy of Financial Statements. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary of the Company has any liabilities, contingent or otherwise, or forward or long-term commitments that are not disclosed in the Statements or in the notes thereto to the extent required to be disclosed in accordance with GAAP, and except as disclosed therein there are no unrealized or anticipated losses from any commitments of the Company or any Subsidiary of the Company which may cause a Material Adverse Effect. Since December 31, 2022, no Material Adverse Effect has occurred.

(q)            Full Disclosure. Neither this Agreement nor any certificate, statement, agreement or other documents furnished to an Investor in connection herewith or therewith, taken as a whole with all of the other information so furnished to each Investor, contained as of the time made or delivered any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements contained herein and therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading as of the date given (it being recognized by each Investor that any budgets and projections provided by the Company are based on good faith estimates and assumptions believed by the Company to be reasonable as of the date of the applicable budget or projection and that such budgets and projections are subject to uncertainties and contingencies which may be beyond the control of the Company and that actual results during the period or periods covered by any such budgets and projections may differ from projected results). As of the Closing Date, there is no fact known to the Company that has resulted in a Material Adverse Effect which has not been set forth in this Agreement or in the certificates, statements, agreements or other documents furnished in writing to the Investors prior to or at the date hereof in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby.

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(r)            Taxes. Except in each case to the extent that the failure to do so would not reasonably be expected to result in any Material Adverse Effect, all federal tax returns and all material state, local and other tax returns required to have been filed with respect to the Company and each Subsidiary of the Company have been filed, and payment or adequate provision has been made for the payment of all Taxes which have or may become due pursuant to said returns or to assessments received, except to the extent that such Taxes are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings diligently conducted and for which such reserves or other appropriate provisions, if any, as shall be required by GAAP shall have been made. The Company is not, and has not been during the five-year period ending on the Closing Date, a United States real property holding corporation within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code.

(s)            Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights, Licenses, Etc. The Company, the Target and each of their respective Subsidiaries owns or possesses all the material patents, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, licenses, registrations, franchises, permits and rights necessary to own and operate its properties and to carry on its business as presently conducted and planned to be conducted by the Company, the Target or such Subsidiary, without known possible, alleged or actual conflict with the rights of others which could reasonably be expected to result in a material liability to the Company, the Target or any such Subsidiary thereof or result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(t)             Insurance. The properties of the Company, the Target and each of their respective Subsidiaries are insured pursuant to policies and other bonds which are valid and in full force and effect and which provide adequate coverage from reputable and financially sound insurers in amounts sufficient to insure the assets and risks of the Company, the Target and each such Subsidiary in accordance with prudent business practice in the industry of the Company, the Target and their respective Subsidiaries.

(u)           ERISA Compliance.

(i)            Each Pension Plan is in compliance in all respects with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Code and other federal or state laws except for each noncompliance which could not be reasonably expected to result in a liability to the Company, the Target and their respective Subsidiaries in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate. Each Pension Plan that is intended to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code has received from the IRS a favorable determination or opinion letter, which has not by its terms expired, that such Pension Plan is so qualified, or such Pension Plan is entitled to rely on an IRS advisory or opinion letter with respect to an IRS-approved master and prototype or volume submitter plan, or a timely application for such a determination or opinion letter is currently being processed by the IRS with respect thereto; and, to the best knowledge of the Company, nothing has occurred which would reasonably be expected to prevent, or cause the loss of, such qualification. The Company and each member of the ERISA Group have made all required contributions to each Pension Plan subject to Sections 412 or 430 of the Code, and no application for a funding waiver or an extension of any amortization period pursuant to Sections 412 or 430 of the Code has been made with respect to any Pension Plan. Neither the Company nor any member of the ERISA Group has within the prior five years ceased to sponsor, maintain or make contributions to any Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan.

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(ii)           (a) No ERISA Event has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur that individually or in the aggregate could reasonably be expected to result in a liability to the Company, the Target and their respective Subsidiaries in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate; (b) no Pension Plan has any unfunded pension liability (i.e., excess of benefit liabilities over the current value of that Pension Plan’s assets, determined pursuant to the assumptions used for funding the Pension Plan for the applicable plan year in accordance with Section 430 of the Code) in an amount in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate; (c) neither the Company nor any member of the ERISA Group has incurred, or reasonably expects to incur, any liability in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate under Title IV of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan (other than premiums due and not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA); (d) neither the Company nor any member of the ERISA Group has incurred, or reasonably expects to incur, any liability in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate (and no event has occurred which, with the giving of notice under Section 4219 of ERISA, would result in such liability) under Section 4201 of ERISA, with respect to a Multiemployer Plan; (e) neither the Company nor any member of the ERISA Group has received notice pursuant to Section 4242(a)(1)(B) of ERISA that a Multiemployer Plan is in reorganization and that additional contributions are due to the Multiemployer Plan pursuant to Section 4243 of ERISA; and (f) neither the Company nor any member of the ERISA Group has engaged in a transaction that could reasonably be expected to be subject to Sections 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA.

(v)            Environmental Matters. The Company and the Target is and each of their respective Subsidiaries is and has been in compliance with applicable Environmental Laws, except for such noncompliance that could not reasonably be expected to result in a liability to the Company, the Target and their respective Subsidiaries in excess of $5,000,000 in the aggregate.

(w)            Solvency. On the Closing Date and after giving effect to the Transactions, the Company and its respective Subsidiaries taken as a whole are Solvent.

(x)            Anti-Terrorism Laws. None of the Company, the Target or their respective Subsidiaries or any of their respective directors or officers or, to the knowledge of the Company, employees, is a Sanctioned Person. None of the Company, the Target or their respective Subsidiaries, either in its own right or, to the Company’s knowledge, through any third party, (A) has any of its assets in a Sanctioned Country or in the possession, custody or control of a Sanctioned Person in violation of any Anti-Terrorism Law, (B) does business in or with, or derives any of its income from investments in or transactions with, any Sanctioned Country or Sanctioned Person in violation of any Anti-Terrorism Law or (C) engages in any dealings or transactions prohibited by any Anti-Terrorism Law. The Company and the Target have instituted and maintain policies and procedures reasonably designed to promote and achieve continued compliance by the Company and any director, officer, agent, employee or other person acting on behalf of the Company with applicable Anti-Terrorism Laws.

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(y)            Anti-Corruption. Without limiting the provisions of Section 4(x), the Company has instituted and maintains policies and procedures reasonably designed to promote and achieve continued compliance by the Company and any director, officer, agent, employee or other person acting on behalf of the Company with the FCPA and any other applicable anti-corruption law. None of the Company, the Target or their respective Subsidiaries or any of their respective directors or officers or, to the knowledge of the Company, any employee, agent, affiliate or other person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries has: (i) used any funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity; (ii) made or taken an act in furtherance of an offer, promise or authorization of any direct or indirect unlawful payment or benefit to any foreign or domestic government or regulatory official or employee, including of any government-owned or controlled entity or of a public international organization, or any person acting in an official capacity for or on behalf of any of the foregoing, or any political party or party official or candidate for political office; (iii) violated or is in violation of any provision of the FCPA, or any applicable law or regulation implementing the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, or committed an offence under the Bribery Act 2010 of the United Kingdom, or any other applicable anti-bribery or anti-corruption laws; or (iv) made, offered, agreed, requested or taken an act in furtherance of any unlawful bribe or other unlawful benefit, including, without limitation, any rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful or improper payment or benefit.

(z)            No Brokers or Finders. No Person has or will have, as a result of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, any right, interest or claim against or upon the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries for any commission, fee or other compensation as a finder or broker because of any act of the Company, the Target or any of their respective Subsidiaries, other than Centerview whose fees are the sole responsibility of the Company.

(aa)          Bring-Down of Representations and Warranties. The Company understands that, unless the Company notifies the Investors in writing to the contrary at or before the Closing, each of the Company’s representations and warranties contained in this Agreement will be deemed to have been reaffirmed and confirmed as of the Closing, taking into account all information received by the Company.

Section 5.      Representations, Warranties and Covenants of the Investors. Each Investor represents and warrants to the Company and covenants that:

(a)            Authorization, Execution and Delivery of this Agreement. Such Investor has full power and authority to execute and deliver, and perform its obligations under, and has duly authorized, executed and delivered, this Agreement.

(b)            Lack of Affiliate Status. Such Investor is not, as of the date of this Agreement, and, at the Closing, will not be, and, at no time during the three months preceding the date of this Agreement or preceding the Closing, was or will be, a “person” that is an “affiliate” of the Company (as such terms are defined in Rule 144 under the Securities Act).

(c)            Non-Contravention. The consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement to be performed by such Investor, including the purchase of the Purchased Securities by such Investor pursuant to this Agreement, will not (i) contravene any law, rule or regulation binding on such Investor or any investment guideline or restriction applicable to such Investor or (ii) constitute a breach or violation of or result in a default under the organizational documents of such Investor or any material loan agreement, mortgage, lease or other agreement or instrument to which such Investor is a party or by which it is bound, in each case, except as would not be reasonably expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on its ability to perform its obligations under this Agreement, the Registration Rights Agreement and the Services Agreement.

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(d)            Jurisdiction of Residence. Such Investor is a resident of the jurisdiction set forth on the signature page hereto of such Investor.

(e)            No Consents. No consent, approval, authorization, order, license, registration or qualification of or with any Governmental Authority is required for the execution, delivery and performance by such Investor of its obligations under this Agreement, except for (1) required clearances, approvals or authorizations of filings and registrations with, and notifications to government authorities under applicable Antitrust Laws, including the waiting period under the HSR Act, (2) such as have been obtained or made (or will, at the Closing, have been obtained or made) or (3) such other consents, approvals, authorizations, orders, licenses, registrations or qualifications, except, where the failure to obtain such consent, approval, authorization, order, license, registration or qualification would not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the ability of such Investor to perform its obligations hereunder.

(f)             Acknowledgement of Risks; Investment Sophistication. Such Investor understands and accepts that an investment in the Purchased Securities involves risks. Such Investor has such knowledge, skill and experience in business, financial and investment matters that such Investor is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and an investment in the Purchased Securities. With the assistance of such Investor’s own professional advisors, to the extent that such Investor has deemed appropriate, such Investor has made its own legal, tax, accounting and financial evaluation of the merits and risks of an investment in the Purchased Securities and the consequences of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement. Such Investor has considered the suitability of the Purchased Securities as an investment in light of such Investor’s own circumstances and financial condition, and such Investor is able to bear the risks associated with and can afford the complete loss of an investment in the Purchased Securities.

(g)            No View to Distribution; No Registration. Such Investor is acquiring the Purchased Securities solely for such Investor’s or its affiliate’s own beneficial account, for investment purposes, and not with a view to, or for resale in connection with, any distribution of the Purchased Securities in violation of the Securities Act. Such Investor understands that the offer and sale of the Purchased Securities has not been registered under the Securities Act or any state securities laws by reason of specific exemptions under the provisions thereof that depend in part upon the investment intent of such Investor and the accuracy of the other representations made by such Investor in this Agreement. Such Investor understands that the Company and its affiliates and agents are relying upon the representations and agreements contained in this Agreement (and any supplemental information) for the purpose of determining whether the offer and sale of the Purchased Securities meet the requirements for such exemptions.

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(h)            Information Provided. Such Investor acknowledges that no person, other than the Company and Centerview, has been authorized give any information or to make any representation concerning the Company or the Target or the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities. The Company takes no responsibility for, and provides no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may provide to such Investor.

(i)            No Investment, Tax or Other Advice. Except with respect to the representations and warranties of the Company contained in this Agreement, such Investor confirms that it is not relying on any statement (written or oral), representation or warranty made by, or on behalf of, the Company, Centerview or any of their respective affiliates or agents as investment, tax or other advice or as a recommendation to purchase the Purchased Securities. None of the Company, Centerview or any of their respective affiliates or agents is acting or has acted as an advisor to such Investor in deciding whether to purchase the Purchased Securities.

(j)             Investment Decision Matters. Such Investor confirms that none of the Company, Centerview or any of their affiliates or agents has (i) given any guarantee or representation as to the potential success, return, effect or benefit (either legal, regulatory, tax, financial, accounting or otherwise) of an investment in the Purchased Securities or (ii) made any representation to the Investor regarding the legality of an investment in the Purchased Securities under applicable investment guidelines, laws or regulations. In deciding to invest in the Purchased Securities, such Investor is not relying on the advice or recommendations of the Company, Centerview or their respective affiliates or agents, and has made its own independent decision that the terms of this Agreement and the investment in the Purchased Securities are suitable and appropriate for it.

(k)            Due Diligence. Such Investor is familiar with the business and financial condition and operations of the Company and the Target and has had the opportunity to conduct its own investigation of the Company, the Target and the Purchased Securities. Such Investor has had access to and reviewed the Covered SEC Filings and such other information concerning the Company, the Target and the Purchased Securities that such Investor deems necessary to enable it to make an informed investment decision concerning an investment in the Purchased Securities. Such Investor has been offered the opportunity to ask questions of the Company and received answers thereto, as it deems necessary to enable it to make an informed investment decision concerning its investment in the Purchased Securities.

(l)            No Regulatory Agency Recommendation or Approval. Such Investor understands that no federal or state agency has passed upon the merits or risks of an investment in the Purchased Securities or made any recommendation or endorsement, or made any finding or determination concerning the fairness or advisability, of such investment or the consequences of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

(m)            Accredited Investor Status. Such Investor (i) is an accredited investor (as defined in Rule 501 of the Securities Act), (ii) is an “institutional account” as defined in FINRA Rule 4512(c), (iii) is a sophisticated investor, experienced in investing in private equity transactions and capable of evaluating investment risks independently, both in general and with regard to all transactions and investment strategies involving a security or securities, and (iv) has exercised independent judgment in evaluating its participation in the purchase of the Purchased Securities. Such Investor further understands and acknowledges that the purchase and sale of the Purchased Securities meets the institutional customer exemption under FINRA Rule 2111(b).

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(n)            Money Laundering Laws. No funds to be paid to the Company as a part of this Agreement have been derived from, or will be derived from, either directly or, to the knowledge of such Investor, indirectly, any (a) Sanctioned Person, (b) Sanctioned Jurisdiction or (c) Person that is prohibited by any law administered by OFAC, or by any other economic or trade sanctions law of the United States or any other applicable jurisdiction.

(o)            Mutual Negotiation. Such Investor acknowledges that the terms of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby have been mutually negotiated between such Investor and the Company. Such Investor was given a meaningful opportunity to negotiate such terms.

(p)            Bring-Down of Representations and Warranties. Such Investor understands that, unless such Investor notifies the Company in writing to the contrary at or before the Closing, each of such Investor’s representations and warranties contained in this Agreement will be deemed to have been reaffirmed and confirmed as of the Closing, taking into account all information received by such Investor.

(q)            Wall-Cross Matters. Such Investor has not transacted, and will not transact, in any securities of the Company, including, but not limited to, any hedging transactions, from the time such Investor was first contacted by, or on behalf of, the Company or Centerview with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement until the date hereof. Solely for purposes of this Section 5(q), subject to such Investor’s compliance with its obligations under U.S. federal securities laws and such Investor’s internal policies, (i) “Investor” will not include any employees or affiliates of such Investor that are effectively walled off by appropriate “Fire Wall” information barriers approved by such Investor’s legal or compliance department; and (ii) the foregoing representations and covenants of this Section 5(q) will not apply to any transaction by or on behalf of an account that was effected without the advice or participation of, or such account’s receipt of information regarding the transactions contemplated hereby provided by, such Investor.

(r)            No Reliance on Centerview. Such Investor acknowledges and agrees that Centerview has not acted as a financial advisor or fiduciary to the Investors and that Centerview and its directors, officers, employees, representatives and controlling persons have no responsibility for making, and have not made, any independent investigation of the information contained herein or in the Company’s SEC filings and make no representation or warranty to the Investor, express or implied, with respect to the Company, the Purchased Securities or the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of the information provided to such Investors or any other publicly available information, nor will any of the foregoing persons be liable for any loss or damages of any kind resulting from the use of the information contained therein or otherwise supplied to such Investor.

(s)            No Brokers or Finders. Such Investor has not retained, utilized or been represented by, or otherwise become obligated to, any Person who has or will have, as a result of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, any right, interest or claim against or upon the Company, any of its Subsidiaries or any Investor for any commission, fee or other compensation as a finder or broker because of any act by the Investors and for which the Company will be liable.

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Section 6.       Additional Agreements.

(a)            Negative Covenants. From the date of this Agreement through the Closing, the Company and its Subsidiaries shall use their reasonable best efforts to operate their businesses in the ordinary course, and, unless the Investor Majority otherwise consents in writing (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), the Company shall not and shall cause its Subsidiaries not to:

(i)            take any action that would require the consent of the Holders (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) pursuant to Section 10(c)(i) of the Certificate of Designations;

(ii)           redeem, purchase, repurchase or otherwise acquire any of its outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity or voting interests, or any rights, warrants or options to acquire any shares of its capital stock or other equity or voting interests, except for any conversion of Class B Common Stock into Class A Common Stock upon transfer or in the ordinary course of business, consistent with past practice pursuant to the terms of the Company Plans;

(iii)          establish a record date for, declare, set aside for payment or pay any dividend on, or make any other distribution in respect of, any shares of its capital stock or other equity or voting interests, other than to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(iv)          split, combine, subdivide, recapitalize, reclassify or make like changes to any shares of its capital stock or other equity or voting interests other than any such changes with respect to the Company’s Subsidiaries;

(v)           amend, supplement or otherwise change, or waive any provision of, the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws or other organizational documents or make any material amendments or changes to the organizational documents of any of the Company’s Subsidiaries or take or authorize any action to wind up the Company’s affairs or dissolve the Company (in each case except in connection with the filing of the Certificate of Designations);

(vi)          enter into any new contract with a value greater than $5.0 million, or amend, terminate or renew in any material respect any material contract (as filed in the Covered SEC Filings), between the Company or one of its Subsidiaries, on the one hand, and any other Person (other than the Company’s Subsidiaries) including any officer or director of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the other hand, outside the ordinary course of business; provided that, for the avoidance of doubt, the Company may enter into the amendment to the Senior Credit Agreement in connection with the Transactions in the form attached as Annex B, agreements in respect of the Tender Offer and the acquisition of the Target, the Registration Rights Agreement, the Services Agreement, the Warrants and any other agreements to be entered into with the Investors in connection with the Transactions;

(vii)         make any material change in the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ financial accounting principles, except as required by changes in GAAP (or any interpretation thereof) or in applicable law; or

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(viii)       agree, authorize or commit to do any of the foregoing.

(b)            Information Rights. Following the Closing until the date on which the Investors cease to beneficially own any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock (or, if all Convertible Preferred Stock has been converted, the Common Stock issued upon such conversion), in order to facilitate the Investors’ oversight of their respective investments in the Company, the Company agrees to provide each of the Investors with the following:

(i)            within 120 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Company, audited financial statements of the Company consisting of a consolidated balance sheet as of the end of such fiscal year, and related consolidated statements of income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the fiscal year then ended, all in reasonable detail and setting forth in comparative form the financial statements as of the end of and for the preceding fiscal year, and certified by independent certified public accountants; provided that this requirement shall be deemed to have been satisfied if on or prior to such date the Company files its annual report on Form 10-K for the applicable fiscal year with the SEC;

(ii)           within 45 days after the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters in each fiscal year, financial statements of the Company, consisting of a consolidated balance sheet as of the end of such fiscal quarter and related consolidated statements of income, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the fiscal quarter then ended and the fiscal year through that date, all in reasonable detail and (subject to normal year-end audit adjustments) having been prepared in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied, and setting forth in comparative form the respective financial statements for the corresponding date and period in the previous fiscal year; provided that this requirement shall be deemed to have been satisfied if on or prior to such date the Company files its quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the applicable fiscal year with the SEC;

(iii)          all notices and information, including compliance certificates and other reports (other than notices delivered for immaterial administrative purposes) furnished by the Company generally to the lenders under the Senior Credit Agreement (or any refinancings thereof) or any notices received by the Company from such lenders representing a required majority under such facility (other than notices delivered for immaterial administrative purposes); and

(iv)          so long as the Investors and their affiliates beneficially own (determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act) an amount of shares of Common Stock equal to at least 50% of the shares of Common Stock that would, as of the Closing Date, be issuable upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock issued to the Investors on the Closing Date (assuming such Convertible Preferred Stock were converted at the initial Conversion Price (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) solely into shares of Common Stock), reasonable access, to the extent reasonably requested by the Investor Majority, to the offices and the properties of the Company and its Subsidiaries, including its and their books and records, and to discuss its and their affairs, finances and accounts with its and their officers, all upon reasonable notice and at such reasonable times and as often as the Investor Majority may reasonably request; provided that any investigation pursuant to this Section 6(b) shall be conducted in a manner as not to interfere unreasonably with the conduct of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries;

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provided that the Company shall not be obligated to provide such access or materials if the Company determines, in its reasonable judgment, that doing so would (A) result in the disclosure of trade secrets or competitively sensitive information to third parties, (B) materially violate applicable law, an applicable order or a material contract or obligation of confidentiality owing to a third party, (C) jeopardize the protection of an attorney-client privilege, attorney work product protection or other legal privilege, (D) be materially adverse to the interests of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in any pending or threatened legal action that is material to the Company or (E) expose the Company to risk of liability for disclosure of personal information. In addition, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries will be required to provide any information or material that relates to, contains or reflects any analyses, studies, notes, memoranda or other information related to or prepared in connection with the Transactions or any matters relating thereto or any transactions with or matters relating to the Investors or any of their respective affiliates.

(c)            Restriction on Transfer and Hedging. Except as otherwise permitted in this Agreement, without the prior written consent of the Company:

(i)            Permanent Restrictions. Such Investor will not knowingly Transfer any Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares to:

(1)            any Competitor of the Company;

(2)            any other Person who immediately prior to such Transfer (or would, to the knowledge of such Investor, upon consummation of such Transfer) beneficially owns 10% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock or 10% or more of the total voting power of all outstanding Common Stock; or

(3)            any Person that, in the three years prior to such Transfer, has publicly announced an intention to obtain a seat on the Board or otherwise influence management of the Company;

provided, however, that this Section 6(c)(i) shall not restrict any Transfers (a) to any Person who beneficially owns 5% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock or 5% or more of the total voting power of all outstanding Common Stock as of the Closing Date or any affiliate of such Person at any time when such Person beneficially owns 5% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock or 5% or more of the total voting power of all outstanding Common Stock, (b) pursuant to a bona fide, broadly distributed public registered offering or through a bona fide sale to the public without registration effectuated pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act or (c) in connection with a merger, tender offer or exchange offer or other business combination, acquisition of assets or similar transaction or any change of control transaction involving the Company or any Subsidiary thereof.

(ii)            Restrictions During Lock-Up Period. From date of this Agreement until the second anniversary of the Closing Date (the “Lock-Up Period”), subject to clause (iii) below, such Investor will not Transfer any Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares or make any short sale of, grant any option for the purchase of or enter into any hedging or similar transaction with the same economic effect as a short sale of or the purpose of which is to offset the loss which results from a decline in the market price of, any shares of Class A Common Stock, or otherwise establish or increase, directly or indirectly, a put equivalent position, as defined in Rule 16a-1(h) under the Exchange Act, with respect to the any of the Class A Common Stock or any other capital stock of the Company (any such action, a “Hedge”).

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(iii)          Exceptions to Transfer Restrictions. Notwithstanding clause (ii), such Investor shall be permitted to Transfer any portion or all of the issued Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares at any time under the following circumstances:

(1)            Transfers to any Permitted Transferees, but only if the transferee agrees in writing prior to such Transfer for the express benefit of the Company (in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Company and with a copy thereof to be furnished to the Company) to be bound by the terms of this Agreement, and if the transferee and the transferor agree for the express benefit of the Company that the transferee shall Transfer the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares so Transferred back to the transferor at or before such time as the transferee ceases to be a Permitted Transferee of the transferor.

(2)            Transfers in connection with a bona fide purpose (margin) loan, bona fide non-purpose loan or other financing arrangement of the Investor entered into with a nationally recognized financial institution (a “Permitted Loan”), including (x) a pledge to such a financial institution to secure a bona fide debt financing and any foreclosure by such financial institution or Transfer to such financial institution in lieu of foreclosure and subsequent sale of the securities and (y) any Transfer to a third party for cash to the extent the net proceeds of such sale are used to satisfy a margin call (i.e., posted as collateral) or repay a Permitted Loan to the extent necessary to avoid a bona fide margin call or other mandatory prepayment event required thereunder (provided that, with respect to this clause (y), such Investor will use commercially reasonable efforts to provide the Company with prior notice of, and consult with the Company with respect to, such Transfer). Nothing contained in this Agreement shall prohibit or otherwise restrict the ability of any lender (or its securities’ affiliate) or collateral agent to foreclose upon, or effect a Transfer in lieu of foreclosure of, the Convertible Preferred Stock (including for the avoidance of doubt, effecting a conversion of Convertible Preferred Stock for purposes of a Transfer of Underlying Shares in accordance with this clause (iii)), Warrants or Underlying Shares mortgaged, hypothecated and/or pledged to secure the obligations of the borrower following an event of default under a Permitted Loan. In the event that any lender or other creditor under a Permitted Loan transaction (including any agent or trustee on their behalf) or any affiliate of the foregoing exercises any rights or remedies in respect of the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares or any other collateral for any Permitted Loan, no lender, creditor, agent or trustee on their behalf or affiliate of any of the foregoing (other than, for the avoidance of doubt, the Investor or its affiliates) shall have any obligations or be subject to any Transfer restrictions or limitations hereunder except and to the extent for those expressly provided for in Section 6(c)(i) (which shall apply to any lender, creditor, agent or trustee on their behalf or any affiliate of any of the foregoing to the same extent as such Investor).

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(3)            Transfers pursuant to a merger, tender offer or exchange offer or other business combination, acquisition of assets or similar transaction or any change of control transaction involving the Company or any Subsidiary, that, in each case, is approved by the Board.

(4)            Transfers pursuant to a tender offer or exchange offer for less than all of the outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock or part of a two-step transaction in which a tender offer is followed by a second step merger, in which the consideration to be received in the first step of such transaction is not identical to the amount or form of consideration to be received in the second-step merger.

(5)            Transfers after commencement by the Company or a significant Subsidiary (as such term is defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act) of the Company of bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar proceedings.

(iv)            Any attempted Transfer or Hedge in violation of this Section 6(c) shall be null and void ab initio.

(d)            Standstill. Without the prior written consent of the Company, until the third anniversary of the Closing Date, such Investor shall not, directly or indirectly, and shall cause its affiliates not to:

(i)            acquire, offer to acquire or agree to acquire, by purchase or otherwise, directly or indirectly, beneficial ownership of any additional Common Stock or other voting securities of the Company; provided that the foregoing shall not prohibit such Investor or its affiliates from acquiring, offering to acquire or agreeing to acquire, by purchase or otherwise, directly or indirectly, (1) any Additional Securities issued pursuant to an Additional Investment or (2) beneficial ownership of shares of Class A Common Stock or other voting securities of the Company (x) so long as the Company continues to be, both at the time of and following such transactions, a “controlled company” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Rules or the equivalent rules of any other securities exchange upon which the Class A Common Stock is then listed, in the open-market or otherwise, including privately negotiated transactions, and (y) if the Company is no longer a “controlled company” within the meaning of the NASDAQ Rules, that would result in the Investor (together with its affiliates), having beneficial ownership of more than 33⅓% in the aggregate of the shares of Common Stock outstanding at such time (assuming all the Convertible Preferred Stock are converted and Warrants are exercised), excluding any issuance by the Company of shares of Common Stock or options, warrants or other rights to acquire Common Stock (or the exercise thereof) to the General Preferred Stock Director as compensation for their membership on the Board; provided that nothing herein will require any Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or shares of Common Stock to be sold to the extent the Investor and its affiliates, collectively, exceeds the ownership limit under this paragraph as the result of a share repurchase or any other Company actions that reduce the number of outstanding shares of Common Stock or otherwise;

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(ii)            propose or seek, whether alone or in concert with others, any “solicitation” (as such term is defined under the Exchange Act) of proxies or consents to vote any securities (including in derivative form) of the Company or become a “participant” (as such term is defined in Instruction 3 to Item 4 of Schedule 14A promulgated under the Exchange Act) in any such solicitation of proxies or consents (including, without limitation, by initiating, encouraging or participating in any requests or consents that seek to call a special meeting or “withhold” or similar campaign), or publicly seek to control or influence the management of the Company or the Board with respect to the policies or affairs of the Company (in each case, other than as otherwise expressly permitted by this Agreement and other than a “solicitation” or acting as a “participant” in support of all of the Company’s nominees to the Board (or the General Preferred Stock Director) at any stockholder meeting);

(iii)           publicly propose any merger, consolidation, business combination, tender or exchange offer, share exchange, purchase of the Company’s assets or businesses or similar transactions involving the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any recapitalization, restructuring, liquidation or other extraordinary transaction with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; provided that the foregoing shall not restrict such Investor from voting on, tendering shares, receiving payment for shares or otherwise participating in any such transaction on the same basis as other stockholders of the Company;

(iv)          take any action otherwise prohibited by this Section 6(d) with any third party (but excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, any Investors or any Permitted Transferee of any Investor), including forming, joining or acting in concert with any partnership, limited partnership, syndicate or other group, including a “group” as defined pursuant to Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act, with respect to any securities of the Company;

(v)           make or be the proponent of any stockholder proposal (pursuant to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act or otherwise) with respect to the Company;

(vi)          make any public announcement or public communication regarding a proposal for any of the events that are prohibited in clauses (d)(i) through (d)(v) above, or take any action that could reasonably be expected to require the Company to make a public announcement in respect thereof; provided that nothing in this Section 6(d) shall be violated by (1) any general statement about market, industry or economic circumstances, conditions or trends, (2) any statement required to be made by applicable law or regulation, (3) any statement protected by the whistleblower-protection provisions of any applicable law or regulation, (4) any statement that is made in response to legal process or in the context of any action by or before any governmental authority or arbitrator (including any such action to enforce the terms of the this Agreement or other such action in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby) or (5) any statement that is reasonably necessary in connection with the enforcement of rights under this Agreement, or any other written agreement involving the parties hereto; or

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(vii)            advise, assist, knowingly encourage or direct any Person to do, or to advise, assist, knowingly encourage or direct any other Person to do, any of the foregoing;

it being understood, however, that nothing in this Section 6(d) shall (A) restrict or prohibit a General Preferred Stock Director (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) from taking any action, or refraining from taking any action that he or she determines, in his or her reasonable discretion, is necessary or appropriate in light of his or her fiduciary duties as a member of the Board, (B) restrict or prohibit the making or submission to the Company and/or the Board of any proposal by any Investor that would not reasonably be expected to result in the Company being obligated to publicly disclose such proposal, (C) restrict or prohibit participation in rights offerings made by the Company to all holders of Class A Common Stock, (D) restrict or prohibit the Investors’ acquisition, conversion, disposition, sale or Transfer of the Purchased Securities (including the accretion of dividends thereon and any dividends payable in any other security, if applicable) or Underlying Shares, in each case, in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, the Certificate of Designations and/or the Warrants, as applicable, (E) limit or restrict any Transfer pursuant to a Permitted Loan or any foreclosure thereunder or Transfer in lieu of a foreclosure thereunder or (F) limit or restrict the making of any required regulatory or other filings, including the filing of a Schedule 13D under the Exchange Act (or an amendment thereto) by an Investor or its affiliate; provided that the actions taken by such Investor or its affiliate that triggered such filing are not prohibited by this Section 6(d).

The restrictions set forth in this Section 6(d) shall terminate and be of no further force and effect on the earlier to occur of (1) the date of announcement that the Company has entered into a binding definitive agreement that has been approved by the Board providing for a transaction that, if consummated, would result in a Fundamental Change (as defined in the Certificate of Designations), (2) the date that is ten Business Days after the date that any third party commences any tender or exchange offer made to all of the holders of Class A Common Stock by a third party for a number of outstanding shares of voting stock that, if consummated, would result in a Fundamental Change (provided, that with respect to this clause (2), only if the Board has not recommended against such tender or exchange offer in a Schedule 14D-9 under the Exchange Act) and (3) 90 days after the date on which the Investor and its affiliates do not beneficially own any Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or any shares of Common Stock other than any shares of Common Stock issued to any person as compensation for their service on the Board (clause (1), (2) or (3) of this sentence, as applicable, the “Standstill Period Fall-Away Date”). In furtherance of the foregoing, beginning on the Standstill Period Fall-Away Date, nothing in Section 6(d) will prevent the Investors or their affiliates (A) from submitting to the Board one or more bona fide proposals or offers for an alternative transaction involving, directly or indirectly, any of the Investors, (B) pursuing and entering into any such alternative transaction with the Company and (C) taking any actions in furtherance of the foregoing, including actions relating to obtaining equity and/or debt financing for the alternative transaction as long as (x) any proposal or offer is conditioned on the proposed transaction being approved by the Board and (y) the Investors do not make any public announcement or disclosure of such proposal, offer or actions other than any filings and disclosures that may be required in filings with the SEC.

(e)            Listing of Underlying Shares. At or before the Closing, the Company shall submit to NASDAQ an Application for Listing of Additional Shares with respect to the Underlying Shares and use its reasonable best efforts to cause such application to be approved as promptly as practicable and, in any event, before the Closing. The Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to maintain the listing of the Underlying Shares for so long as the Class A Common Stock is then so listed.

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(f)            Additional Documentation. Each Investor will, upon request, execute and deliver any additional documents that the Company may reasonably request to complete the issuance and sale, and the delivery of, the Purchased Securities.

(g)            Legend.

(i)            All certificates or other instruments representing the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares will bear the legends required by the Certificate of Designation or the Warrant, as applicable, and will also contain a legend substantially to the following effect:

THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS INSTRUMENT ARE SUBJECT TO TRANSFER AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS SET FORTH IN AN INVESTMENT AGREEMENT, DATED AS OF DECEMBER 12, 2023, A COPY OF WHICH IS ON FILE WITH THE SECRETARY OF THE COMPANY.

(ii)           Upon the reasonable request of any Investor (or any Permitted Transferee thereof), (x) following receipt by the Company of an opinion of counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Company to the effect that a legend is no longer required under the Securities Act and applicable state laws, the Company shall promptly take such necessary action to cause the Restricted Stock Legend (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) or other applicable legend reflecting that the securities represented thereby are restricted by the securities laws to be removed from any certificate representing such securities and (y) the Company shall promptly cause the legend set forth above in clause (i) to be removed from any certificate to be transferred in accordance with the terms hereof other than in connection with a transfer to a Permitted Transferee. Each Investor acknowledges that the Purchased Securities and the Underlying Shares have not been registered under the Securities Act or under any state securities laws and agrees that it will not sell or otherwise dispose of any of the Purchased Securities or the Underlying Shares, except in compliance with the registration requirements of the Securities Act or an exemption therefrom and any other applicable securities laws and the terms of this Agreement.

(h)            Confidentiality. From the Closing until the date that is one year after the date each Investor ceases to beneficially own any Convertible Preferred Stock or Warrants, such Investor will, and will direct its affiliates and Representatives to, keep confidential any information (including oral, written and electronic information) concerning the Company, its Subsidiaries or its affiliates that may be furnished to such Investor, its affiliates or its or their respective Representatives by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Representatives pursuant to this Agreement, including any such information provided pursuant to Section 6(b) of this Agreement and any information provided to the General Preferred Stock Director (the “Confidential Information”), and to use the Confidential Information solely for the purposes of monitoring, administering or managing such Investor’s investment in the Company made pursuant to this Agreement; provided that the Confidential Information will not include information that (a) is or becomes generally available to the public other than as a result of a disclosure by the Investor or their respective Representatives in violation of this Agreement, (b) was within such Investor’s or its Representatives’ possession on a non-confidential basis prior to it being furnished to the Investor by or on behalf of the Company, the Target or any of their respective Representatives (provided that the source of such information was not, to the knowledge of such Investor or its Representatives (after reasonable inquiry), bound by a confidentiality agreement or other contractual, legal or fiduciary obligation of confidentiality with respect to such information), (c) becomes available to such Investor or its Representatives on a non-confidential basis from a source other than the Company or any of its Representatives (provided that the source of such information was not, to the knowledge of such Investor or its Representatives (after reasonable inquiry), bound by a confidentiality agreement or other contractual, legal or fiduciary obligation of confidentiality with respect to such information) or (d) is independently developed by such Investor or its Representatives without the reference to or use of the Confidential Information; provided that, an Investor may disclose Confidential Information (i) to its attorneys, accountants, consultants and other professional advisors to the extent necessary to obtain their services in connection with monitoring, administering or managing its investment in the Company, including financial, accounting and tax analysis conducted by or on behalf of it, (ii) to any prospective purchaser of any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares from such Investor as long as such prospective purchaser agrees to be bound by a customary confidentiality or non-disclosure agreement (with the Company as an express third-party beneficiary of such agreement), (iii) to any affiliates, partners, members, limited partners, prospective partners or related investment funds of such Investor and their respective directors, employees, consultants and representatives, in each case, in the ordinary course of business (provided that the recipients of such confidential information are subject to a customary confidentiality and non-disclosure obligation), (iv) as may be reasonably determined by such Investor to be necessary in connection with such Investor’s enforcement of its rights in connection with this Agreement or its investment in the Company and its Subsidiaries or (v) as may otherwise be requested or required by law or legal, judicial or regulatory process; provided that such Investor takes reasonable steps to minimize the extent of any required disclosure described in this clause (v) at the Company’s sole expense; provided, further, that the acts and omissions of any Person to whom such Investor may disclose Confidential Information pursuant to clauses (i) and (iii) of the preceding proviso shall be attributable to such Investor for purposes of determining such Investor’s compliance with this Section 6(h), except those who have entered into a separate confidentiality or non-disclosure agreement or obligation with the Company. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Company acknowledges and agrees that the General Preferred Stock Director may share confidential, non-public information about the Company and its Subsidiaries (including any materials received in his or her capacity as a member of or observer on the Board or any Committee of the Board) with the Silver Lake Group and their respective affiliates, in each case, on a confidential basis substantially consistent with the terms hereof. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the General Preferred Stock Director may not share information that would be reasonably likely to result in the waiver or loss of attorney-client privilege by the Company or result in the disclosure of trade secrets of the Company to third parties.

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(i)            Corporate Opportunities.

(i)            None of the Investors or any of their affiliates (collectively, as “Identified Persons” and, individually, as an “Identified Person”) shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, have any duty to refrain from, directly or indirectly, (i) engaging in the same or similar business activities or lines of business in which the Company or any of its affiliates now engages or proposes to engage or (ii) otherwise competing with the Company or any of its affiliates, and, to the fullest extent permitted by law, no Identified Person shall be liable to the Company or its stockholders or to any affiliate of the Company for breach of any fiduciary duty solely by reason of the fact that such Identified Person engages in any such activities. To the fullest extent permitted by law (including Section 122(17) of the Delaware General Corporation Law), subject to this Section 6(i), the Company hereby renounces, on behalf of itself and its controlled affiliates, any interest or expectancy in, or right to be offered an opportunity to participate in, any business opportunity that may be a corporate opportunity for an Identified Person and the Company or any of its affiliates.

(ii)           Subject to Section 6(i)(iii) and each such Identified Person’s obligations and duties of confidentiality to the Company, in the event that any Identified Person acquires knowledge of a potential transaction or other business opportunity that may be a corporate opportunity for itself, herself or himself and the Company or any of its affiliates, such Identified Person shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, have no duty to communicate or offer such transaction or other business opportunity to the Company or any of its affiliates and, to the fullest extent permitted by law (including Section 122(17) of the Delaware General Corporation Law), shall not be liable to the Company or its stockholders or to any affiliate of the Company for breach of any fiduciary duty as a stockholder, director or officer of the Company solely by reason of the fact that such Identified Person pursues or acquires such corporate opportunity for itself, herself or himself, or offers or directs such corporate opportunity to another Person or does not communicate information regarding such corporate opportunity to the Company.

(iii)          Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company does not renounce its interest in any corporate opportunity offered to an Identified Person that is a General Preferred Stock Director if such opportunity is first offered to such person solely in his or her capacity as a director of the Company, and Section 6(i) shall not apply to any such corporate opportunity.

(j)            Director Indemnification. The Company shall enter into an indemnification agreement with the General Preferred Stock Director in substantially the same form entered into by the other members of the Board and reasonably acceptable to the General Preferred Stock Director. The Company acknowledges and agrees that the General Preferred Stock Director who is a partner, member, employee, advisor or consultant of any Investor or an affiliate may have certain rights to indemnification, advancement of expenses and/or insurance provided by the applicable Investor or its affiliates (collectively, the “Investor Indemnitors”). The Company acknowledges and agrees that the Company shall be the indemnitor of first resort with respect to any indemnification, advancement of expenses and/or insurance provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, Bylaws and/or indemnification agreement to the General Preferred Stock Director in his or her capacity as a director of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (such that the Company’s obligations to such indemnitees in their capacities as directors are primary and any obligation of the Investor Indemnitors to advance expenses or to provide indemnification or insurance for the same expenses or liabilities incurred by such indemnitees are secondary). Such indemnitees shall, in their capacities as directors, be entitled to all the rights to indemnification, advancement of expenses and entitled to insurance to the extent provided under (i) the Certificate of Incorporation and/or Bylaws of the Company as in effect from time to time and/or (ii) such other agreement, if any, between the Company and such indemnitees, without regard to any rights such indemnitees may have against the Investor Indemnitors. No advancement or payment by the Investor Indemnitors on behalf of such indemnitees with respect to any claim for which such indemnitees have sought indemnification, advancement of expenses or insurance from the Company in their capacities as directors shall affect the foregoing and the Investor Indemnitors shall have a right of contribution and/or be subrogated to the extent of such advancement or payment to all of the rights of recovery of such indemnitees against the Company.

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(k)            Section 16b-3 Matters. If the Company becomes a party to a consolidation, merger or other similar transaction or otherwise or if there is any event or circumstance that may result in the Investors and each Permitted Transferee of the Investors to whom Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares are transferred pursuant to Section 6(c) (the “Investor Parties”), their respective affiliates and/or the General Preferred Stock Director being deemed to have made a disposition or acquisition of the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares for purposes of Section 16 of the Exchange Act, and if the General Preferred Stock Director is serving on the Board at such time or has served on the Board during the preceding six months (i) the Board or a committee thereof composed solely of two or more “non-employee directors” as defined in Rule 16b-3 of the Exchange Act will pre-approve such acquisition or disposition of the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares for the express purpose of exempting the Investor Parties’, their respective affiliates’ and the General Preferred Stock Director’s interests (for the Investor Parties and/or their respective affiliates, to the extent such persons may be deemed to be “directors by deputization”) in such transaction from Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act pursuant to Rule 16b-3 thereunder and (ii) if the transaction involves (A) a merger or consolidation to which the Company is a party and the Class A Common Stock is, in whole or in part, converted into or exchanged for equity securities of a different issuer, (B) a potential acquisition or deemed acquisition, or disposition or deemed disposition, by the Investor Parties, their respective affiliates, and/or the General Preferred Stock Director of equity securities of such other issuer or derivatives thereof and (C) an affiliate or other designee of the Investor Parties or their respective affiliates will serve on the board of directors (or its equivalent) of such other issuer pursuant to the terms of an agreement to which the Company is a party (or if the Investor Parties notify the Company of such service a reasonable time in advance of the closing of such transactions), the Company shall require that such other issuer pre-approve any such acquisitions of equity securities or derivatives thereof for the express purpose of exempting the interests of the Investor Parties’, their respective affiliates’ and the General Preferred Stock Director (for the Investor Parties and/or their respective affiliates, to the extent such persons may be deemed to be “directors by deputization” of such other issuer) in such transactions from Section 16(b) of the Exchange Act pursuant to Rule 16b-3 thereunder.

(l)            Corporate Actions.

(i)            If any occurrence or event since the date of this Agreement until the Closing would have resulted in an adjustment to the Conversion Price (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) pursuant to the Certificate of Designations if the Convertible Preferred Stock had been issued and outstanding since the date of this Agreement, the Company shall adjust the Conversion Price, effective as of the Closing, in the same manner as would have been required by the Certificate of Designations if the Convertible Preferred Stock had been issued and outstanding since the date of this Agreement.

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(ii)           If any occurrence or event since the date of this Agreement until the Closing would have resulted in an adjustment to the Warrant Exercise Price (as defined in the Warrant) pursuant to the terms of the Warrant if the Warrant had been issued and outstanding since the date of this Agreement, the Company shall adjust the Warrant Exercise Price, effective as of the Closing, in the same manner as would have been required by the terms of the Warrant if the Warrant had been issued and outstanding since the date of this Agreement

(iii)          The Company shall not adopt any stockholder rights agreement, “poison pill” or similar anti-takeover agreement or plan, or any anti-takeover provisions in the certificate of incorporation, bylaws or other similar organizational documents of the Company and its Subsidiaries, in each case, that prohibits the Investors from taking any of the actions permitted by this Agreement under Section 6(c), the Certificate of Designations or the Warrants.

(m)            Financing Cooperation. If requested by the Investors, the Company will provide the following cooperation in connection with the Investors obtaining any Permitted Loan following the Closing: (i) entering into an issuer agreement (an “Issuer Agreement”) with each lender in customary form in connection with such transactions (which agreement shall include, without limitation, agreements and obligations of the Company relating to procedures and specified time periods for effecting Transfers and/or conversions upon foreclosure, agreements to not intentionally hinder or delay exercises of remedies on foreclosure, acknowledgments regarding corporate policy, if applicable, certain acknowledgments regarding securities law status of the pledge arrangements and certain acknowledgements regarding the Permanent Restrictions set forth in Section 6(c) above, including pre-agreed lists of persons in clause (1) of Section 6(c)(i), subject to the same ability to update such list as described in the definition of “Competitors”) and subject to the consent of the Company (which will not be unreasonably withheld or delayed), with such changes thereto as are requested by such lender and customary for similar financings, (ii) using commercially reasonable efforts to (A) remove any restrictive legends on certificates representing pledged Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares and depositing such pledged Convertible Preferred Stock or Underlying Shares in book entry form on the books of DTC, when eligible to do so (for the avoidance of doubt, shares of Class A Common Stock will not be considered so eligible prior to the date the lender has a valid one year “holding period” (as defined in Rule 144) in such shares of Class A Common Stock) or (B) without limiting the generality of clause (A), if such Convertible Preferred Stock is eligible for resale under Rule 144A, depositing such pledged Convertible Preferred Stock in book entry form on the books of DTC or other depository with customary Rule 144A restrictive legends in lieu of the legends specified in Section 6(g) above, (iii) if so requested by such lender or counterparty, as applicable, (x) re-issuing the pledged Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares in certificated form in the name of such Investor or its affiliates and/or (y) re-registering the pledged Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares in certificated form or in book-entry form, as so requested, in the name of the relevant lender, counterparty, custodian or similar party to a Permitted Loan, with respect to Permitted Loans solely as securities intermediary and only to the extent an Investor or its affiliates continues to beneficially own such pledged Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares, (iv) entering into customary triparty agreements with each lender and the Investors relating to the delivery of the Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares to the relevant lender for crediting to the relevant collateral accounts upon funding of the loan and payment of the purchase price including a right for such lender as a third-party beneficiary of the Company’s obligations hereunder to issue the Purchased Securities upon payment of the purchase price therefor in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and (v) such other cooperation and assistance as the Investors may reasonably request that will not unreasonably disrupt the operation of the Company’s business, in the cases of clauses (ii) and (iii), subject to receipt of customary legal opinions and certificates and the satisfaction of any relevant requirements of the Transfer Agent. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding sentence, the Company’s obligation to deliver an Issuer Agreement is conditioned on the relevant Investor certifying to the Company in writing that (A) the loan agreement with respect to which the Issuer Agreement is being delivered constitutes a Permitted Loan being entered into in accordance with this Agreement, such Investor has pledged Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares as collateral to the lenders under such Permitted Loan and that the execution of such Permitted Loan and the terms thereof do not violate the terms of this Agreement, (B) to the extent applicable, whether the registration rights under the Registration Rights Agreement are being assigned to the lenders under that Permitted Loan and (C) such Investor acknowledges and agrees that the Company will be relying on such certificate when entering into the Issuer Agreement and any inaccuracy in such certificate will be deemed a breach of this Agreement. The Investors acknowledge and agree that the statements and agreements of the Company in an Issuer Agreement are solely for the benefit of the applicable lenders party thereto and that in any dispute between the Company and the Investors under this Agreement the Investors shall not be entitled to use the statements and agreements of the Company in an Issuer Agreement against the Company.

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(n)            Antitrust Approval.

(i)            Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, each of the Company and the Investors shall use their respective reasonable best efforts to (A) file (x) any required Notification and Report Form pursuant to the HSR Act with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby as soon as reasonably practicable following the date hereof, but no later than ten Business Days after the date hereof and (y) any other required or advisable filing or notification (including a draft, where customary) pursuant to any other applicable Antitrust Laws of any foreign jurisdiction, commissions or governing bodies with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby as promptly as practicable after the date hereof, (B) supply as promptly as practicable any additional information and documentary material that may be requested or required pursuant to any Antitrust Law, including the HSR Act, and (C) cause the expiration or termination of the applicable waiting periods under the HSR Act or any other applicable Antitrust Law as soon as practicable, including by refraining from taking any act or omission which would have the effect of materially delaying or preventing the consummation of the transactions contemplated under this Agreement; provided, however, that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall the Company or any Investor, or any of their respective affiliates or Subsidiaries, be required to (i) commence or threaten to commence any action; (ii) agree to hold separate, divest, license or cause a third party to purchase any of the assets or businesses of the Company or any Investor, or any of their respective affiliates or Subsidiaries; or (iii) otherwise agree to any restrictions on the businesses of the Company or any Investor, or any of their respective affiliates or Subsidiaries.

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(ii)            Each of the parties shall use reasonable best efforts to (A) cooperate with each other in connection with any filing or submission under the HSR Act or any other applicable Antirust Law and in connection with any governmental investigation or other inquiry regarding the transactions contemplated hereby, (B) keep each other reasonably informed in all material respects of any material communication received by such party from any Governmental Authority, provide each other with advance copies and a reasonable opportunity to comment on all proposed notices, submissions, filings, applications, undertakings, and information and substantive correspondence proposed to be supplied to or filed with any Governmental Authority, except the parties’ HSR Act filings, and keep each other party reasonably informed in all material respects of any material communication received or given in connection with any proceeding by a private party, in each case, regarding any of the transactions contemplated hereby and (C) to the extent permitted by law, permit each other party a reasonable opportunity to attend and participate in any substantive meetings, discussions, telephone conversations, videoconferences, or correspondence with any Governmental Authority, including in connection with any proceeding by a private party; provided, that materials required to be provided pursuant to this Section 6(n) may be redacted to remove references (I) concerning the valuation of the Company, (II) as necessary to comply with contractual arrangements, (III) as necessary to comply with applicable law, and (IV) as necessary to address reasonable privilege or confidentiality concerns; provided, further, that a party may reasonably designate any competitively sensitive material provided to another party under this Section 6(n) as “Outside Counsel Only.” The foregoing obligations in this Section 6(n) shall be subject to Section 6(h) and any attorney-client, work product or other privilege.

(o)            Use of Proceeds. The Company shall use the proceeds from the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities for acquiring shares of the Target in the Tender Offer and for general corporate purposes.

(p)            DTC Cooperation. The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Purchased Shares to be (i) rendered eligible for book-entry delivery through DTC and (ii) assigned a valid CUSIP number in accordance with the applicable rules and procedures of the CUSIP Service Bureau, in each case, as soon as reasonably practicable, but in any event, on or prior to the Closing.

(q)            Indemnification.

(i)            The Investors, their affiliates and their respective officers, directors, members, shareholders, employees, managers, partners, accountants, attorneys, advisors and agents, including the General Preferred Stock Director (each an “Indemnitee”), shall be indemnified to the fullest extent permitted by law by the Company for any and all Losses to which such Indemnitees may become subject as a result of, arising in connection with or relating to any actual or threatened claim, suit, action, arbitration, cause of action, complaint, allegation, criminal prosecution, investigation, demand letter or proceeding, whether at law or at equity and whether public or private, before or by any Governmental Authority, any arbitrator or other tribunal (each, an “Action”) by any Person (including, without limitation, any stockholder of the Company or the Target and regardless of whether such Action is against an Indemnitee) arising out of or relating to the Transactions and any other transactions contemplated hereby, including the Tender Offer or any acquisition (in any form) of the Target’s securities or assets by the Company including relating to any non-compliance or alleged non-compliance by the Company or any Person acting on behalf of or in concert with the Company with any Securities Laws; provided that the Company will not be liable to indemnify any Indemnitee for any such Losses to the extent that such Losses (w) have resulted from an Action by the Company against the Investors in connection with any Investor’s breach of this Agreement, (x) are as a result of an Action brought against an Indemnitee by any Person who is a limited partner of, or other investor in, such Indemnitee in such Person’s capacity as a limited partner of, or other investor in, such Indemnitee, (y) are as a result of any Action brought against the Investors or their affiliates by any Person providing a Permitted Loan or other financing or hedging arrangement to the Investors or their affiliates in connection with the Investors’ or their affiliates’ investment in the Convertible Preferred Stock or the Warrants or (z) have resulted from an Indemnitee’s bad faith, fraud, willful misconduct or violation of applicable law in connection with the Transactions.

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(ii)            Each Indemnitee shall give the Company prompt written notice (an “Indemnification Notice”) of any third-party Action it has actual knowledge of that might give rise to Losses, which notice shall set forth a description of those elements of such Action of which such Indemnitee has knowledge; provided, that any delay or failure to give such Indemnification Notice shall not affect the indemnification obligations of the Company hereunder except to the extent the Company is materially prejudiced by such delay or failure.

(iii)          The Company shall have the right, exercisable by written notice to the applicable Indemnitee(s) within 30 days of receipt of the applicable Indemnification Notice, to select counsel to defend and control the defense of any third-party claim set forth in such Indemnification Notice; provided that the Company shall not be entitled to so select counsel or control the defense of any claim if (A) such claim seeks primarily non-monetary or injunctive relief against the Indemnitee or alleges any violation of criminal law, (B) the Company does not, subsequent to its assumption of such defense in accordance with this clause (iii), conduct the defense of such claim actively and diligently, (C) such claim includes as the named parties both the Company and the applicable Indemnitee(s) and such Indemnitee(s) reasonably determine upon the advice of counsel that representation of all such Indemnitees by the same counsel would be prohibited by applicable codes of professional conduct or (D) in the event that, based on the reasonable advice of counsel for the applicable Indemnitee(s), there are one or more material defenses available to the applicable Indemnitee(s) that are not available to the Company. If the Company does not assume the defense of any third-party claim in accordance with this clause (iii), the applicable Indemnitee(s) may continue to defend such claim at the sole cost of the Company and the Company may still participate in, but not control, the defense of such third-party claim at the Company’s sole cost and expense. In no event shall the Company, in connection with any Action or separate but substantially similar Actions arising out of the same general allegations, be liable for the fees and expenses of more than one separate firm of attorneys at any time for all Indemnitees chosen by the Silver Lake Group, except to the extent that local counsel, in addition to regular counsel, is required in order to effectively defend the Action.

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(iv)          No Indemnitee shall consent to a settlement of, or the entry of any judgment arising from, any claim for which such Indemnitee is entitled to indemnification pursuant to this Section 6(q), without the prior written consent of the Company (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed). Except with the prior written consent of the applicable Indemnitee(s) (such consent not to be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed), the Company, in the defense of any such claim, shall not consent to the entry of any judgment or enter into any settlement that (A) provides for injunctive or other nonmonetary relief affecting any Indemnitee, (B) does not include as an unconditional term thereof the giving by each claimant or plaintiff to each such Indemnitee(s) of an unconditional release of such Indemnitee(s) from all liability with respect to such Action or (C) imposes any material burden on an Indemnitee not fully indemnified hereunder. In any such third-party claim where the Company has assumed control of the defense thereof pursuant to clause (iii), the Company shall keep the applicable Indemnitee(s) reasonably informed as to the status of such claim at all stages thereof (including all settlement negotiations and offers), promptly submit to such Indemnitee(s) copies of all pleadings, responsive pleadings, motions and other similar legal documents and paper received or filed in connection therewith, permit such Indemnitee(s) and their respective counsels to confer with the Company and its counsel with respect to the conduct of the defense thereof and permit such Indemnitee(s) and their respective counsel(s) a reasonable opportunity to review all legal papers to be submitted prior to their submission. Nothing in this Section 6(q) shall in any way limit, affect or otherwise modify an Indemnitee’s rights to indemnification under the Company’s certificate of incorporation, by-laws, any policies of the Company or its Subsidiaries applicable to such Indemnitee or any other agreement between the Indemnitee and the Company or its Subsidiaries.

(r)            Cooperation.

(i)            The Company shall keep the Investors reasonably informed with respect to the Tender Offer.

(ii)            In connection with a transfer or proposed transfer of Purchased Securities by the Investors or any Permitted Transferee in compliance with this Agreement, the Certificate of Designations and the Warrants, as applicable, and if reasonably requested by any Investor or Permitted Transferee, the Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to cooperate in such transfer of Purchased Securities, including, without limitation, by providing such Investor or Permitted Transferee, any potential transferee and their respective representatives opportunities to conduct a reasonable due diligence investigation of the Company, as well as reasonable access to the officers, management, employees, financial advisors, attorneys, accountants, consultants, agents and other representatives of the Company and its Subsidiaries as may be required or requested in connection with such transaction (subject to, if requested by the Company, each party referred to in this Section 6(r)(ii) entering into customary confidentiality agreements in a form reasonably acceptable to the Company). Without limiting the foregoing, no such information shall be used by such Person as the basis for any market transactions in securities of the Company in violation of applicable law.

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(s)            Participation Rights.

(i)            Until the earlier of (x) such time as there is no General Preferred Stock Director serving on the Board and the Investors are no longer entitled to designate a director nominee pursuant to the Certificate of Designations and (y) the second anniversary of the Closing Date, whenever the Company or any of its Subsidiaries proposes to issue, directly or indirectly (including, through any underwriters) any Additional Securities that are not Excluded Securities (such proposed issuance, an “Additional Investment”), the Company will consult with the Investors reasonably in advance of undertaking such issuance and, if and only if the Investors notify the Company within five Business Days following such consultation of their preliminary interest in receiving an offer to participate in such issuance (which indication shall not be binding upon the Investors), the Company will provide written notice of such proposed issuance to the Investors (an “Offer Notice”) at least ten Business Days prior to the proposed date of the purchase agreement, investment agreement or other agreement (the “Additional Investment Agreement”). Each Offer Notice shall include the applicable purchase price per security for such Additional Investment, the aggregate amount of the proposed Additional Investment and the other material terms and conditions of such Additional Investment, including the proposed closing date. The Offer Notice shall constitute the Company’s offer to issue such Additional Investment to the Investors substantially on the terms and conditions specified in the Offer Notice, which offer shall be irrevocable for five Business Days following the date the Offer Notice is received by the Investors (the “Participation Notice Period”). The Investors may elect to purchase up to all of the Additional Securities on the terms proposed; provided that, to the extent the issuance of Additional Securities to the Investors would result in a Stockholder Approval Requirement, the Investors may elect to purchase up to an amount of Additional Securities that would not cause the Stockholder Approval Requirement to be applicable. If the Company believes the issuance of Additional Securities to the Investors would result in a Stockholder Approval Requirement, the Company shall notify the Investors reasonably in advance of undertaking such issuance, and the Company will consider in good faith any proposed revisions made by the Investors to the terms of the proposed Additional Investment that (x) would only be applicable to the Investors, (y) would not result in a Stockholder Approval Requirement and (z) are not, in the aggregate, materially adverse to the terms of the Additional Investment. If the Investors elect to purchase all or a portion of such Additional Investment specified in the Offer Notice, each Investor shall deliver to the Company during the Participation Notice Period a written notice stating the aggregate amount of the proposed Additional Investment that the Purchaser offers to purchase (the “Participation Notice”). Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that the Company is seeking stockholder approval for any third party in connection with the Additional Investment or for any other matter that may be needed to consummate the proposed issuance of Additional Securities, then the Company shall also seek stockholder approval in connection with the issuance of the Additional Securities to the Investors.

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(ii)           If an Investor does not deliver a Participation Notice during the Participation Notice Period (or if, prior to the expiration of the Participation Notice Period, an Investor delivers to the Company a written notice declining to participate in the Additional Investment specified in the Offer Notice), such Investor shall be deemed to have waived its right to participate in such Additional Investment under this Section 6(s) and the Company shall thereafter be free to issue during the 60 Business Day period following the expiration of the Participation Notice Period (or the receipt by the Company of a written notice from such Investor declining to participate in such Additional Investment) such proposed Additional Investment to one or more third parties on terms and conditions no more favorable to any such third party than those set forth in the Offer Notice, unless otherwise agreed by such Investor and the Company. Any obligation of the Company and the Investors to participate in any Additional Investment shall in all cases be conditioned on applicable antitrust clearance or approval under antitrust or other applicable laws, and the closing date for such Additional Investment by the participating Investors shall not occur until the later of (x) at least 15 Business Days after the participating Investors’ receipt of such clearance or approval or the participating Investors’ waiver of such conditions and (y) at least 11 Business Days after the Company and the participating Investors enter into the Additional Investment Agreement in respect of such Additional Investment, in each case of clauses (x) and (y), unless otherwise agreed by the participating Investors and the Company. The Investors may from time to time designate one or more of its affiliates through which the participation right in this Section 6(s) may be exercised. The provisions of clauses (i) and (ii) of this Section 6(s) are subject in all respects to the prior satisfaction of the rights of holders under Section 9 of the Existing Registration Rights Agreement.

  

(iii)          The issuance of “Additional Securities” means the issuance of any equity security, or instrument convertible into or exchangeable for any equity security, of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or the granting of any option, warrant, commitment or right by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to any of the foregoing. The issuance of “Excluded Securities” means any issuance of (i) Additional Securities as initial and/or deferred consideration to the selling Persons in an acquisition by the Company or its Subsidiaries (including, for the avoidance of doubt, whether structured as a merger, consolidation, asset or stock purchase, or other similar transaction), (ii) Additional Securities to a third-party financial institution in connection with a bona fide borrowing by the Company or its Subsidiaries, (iii) Additional Securities to the Company’s directors, employees, advisors or consultants (including as a result of the exercise of any option to subscribe for, purchase or otherwise acquire shares of Common Stock or upon the vesting or delivery of any award of restricted stock units (including performance-based restricted stock units) that corresponds to Common Stock and/or an option to subscribe for, purchase or otherwise acquire shares of Common Stock, including under a Company Plan), (iv) Additional Securities by a Subsidiary of the Company to the Company or another wholly owned Subsidiary of the Company, (v) Additional Securities in connection with any stock split, stock combination, stock dividend, distribution or recapitalization, (vi) Additional Securities in a bona fide underwritten public offering (including a marketed “Rule 144A” offering through one or more initial purchasers and hedging activities related thereto), (vii) Additional Securities issued in connection with a strategic partnership or commercial arrangement, other than (x) with a private equity firm or similar financial institution or (y) an issuance whose primary purpose is the provision of financing or (viii) upon conversion of any Class B Common Stock or any other then-outstanding security convertible into or exercisable for Common Stock. If an Investor elects to purchase the Additional Securities pursuant to this Section 6(s), such Investor, at its expense, shall make any filings required in connection with such participation under antitrust or other applicable law promptly following the delivery to the Company of the corresponding Participation Notice and shall use reasonable efforts to obtain applicable antitrust clearance and/or approval under antitrust or other applicable laws.

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(iv)          Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, if the Company enters into a definitive agreement providing for the consolidation or merger of the Company with or into any Person in a transaction that would, when consummated, constitute a Fundamental Change (as defined in the Certificate of Designations) (excluding for purposes of this Section 6(s), clauses (a), (c) and (d) of such definition), then, the Investors’ rights under this Section 6(s) shall terminate upon the consummation of such Fundamental Change.

Section 7.      Conditions to Obligations of the Company and the Investors.

(a)            Conditions to the Obligations of the Company and the Investors. The respective obligations of the Company and the Investors to consummate the Closing are subject to the satisfaction or waiver by each such party of the condition that no temporary or permanent order, judgment, injunction, ruling, writ or decree of any Governmental Authority shall have been enacted, promulgated, issued, entered, amended or enforced by any Governmental Authority nor shall any proceeding brought by a Governmental Authority seeking any of the foregoing be pending, or any applicable law shall be in effect enjoining or otherwise prohibiting consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby.

(b)            Conditions to the Obligations of the Company. The obligation of the Company to deliver the Purchased Securities to each Investor is further subject to the satisfaction or waiver at or prior to the Closing of each of the following conditions precedent: (i) the representations, warranties and covenants of such Investor in Section 5 hereof are true and correct as of the Closing in all respects with the same effect as though such representations and warranties had been made as of the Closing except to the extent such failure to be true and correct would not have a material and adverse impact on the Company’s or such Investor’s ability to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby; (ii) all covenants of such Investor in this Agreement to be performed at or before the Closing have been performed in all material respects; (iii) receipt of the Purchase Price for such Purchased Securities in accordance with Section 3(b)(ii); and (iv) the posting of a valid DWAC Deposit for such Convertible Preferred Stock in accordance with Section 3(b)(ii)(2).

(c)            Conditions to the Investors’ Obligations. The obligation of each Investor to deliver (or cause to be delivered) the Purchase Price for the Purchased Securities to be purchased by it pursuant to this Agreement is further subject to the satisfaction or waiver at or prior to the Closing of each of the following conditions precedent: (i) the Tender Offer shall have been declared unconditional and scheduled to be consummated, in all material respects in accordance with the terms of the Tender Offer Documents without giving effect to any modifications, amendments, consents or waivers to the Tender Offer Documents that, taken together, are material and adverse to such Investor without the prior consent of such Investor (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned), it being understood that any modification, amendment, consent or waiver to the closing conditions contained in the Tender Offer Documents (x) with respect to the condition that the Company becomes the owner of more than 90% of the shares of the Target or (y) with respect to the condition that no circumstances have occurred which could have a material adverse effect or could reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Target’s financial position, business or operation shall, in each case, be deemed to be materially adverse to the interests of the Investors); (ii) the Company Fundamental Representations are true and correct in all respects (other than de minimis inaccuracies) as of the Closing Date with the same effect as though such representations and warranties had been made as of the Closing Date; (iii) all covenants of the Company in this Agreement to be performed at or before the Closing Date have been performed; (iv) each Investor shall have received a certificate, dated as of the Closing Date, duly executed by the chief executive officer or the chief financial officer of the Company on behalf of the Company, certifying that the conditions specified in the foregoing clauses (ii) and (iii) have been satisfied; (v) the Company shall have duly adopted and filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware the Certificate of Designations, and a certified copy thereof shall have been delivered to the Investors; (vi) each Investor shall have received from Latham & Watkins LLP, counsel for the Company, an opinion, dated as of the Closing, in substantially the form of Exhibit E hereto; (vii) the Company shall have executed and delivered the Registration Rights Agreement; (viii) the Company shall have executed and delivered the Services Agreement; (ix) the Company shall have submitted to NASDAQ an Application for Listing of Additional Shares with respect to the Underlying Shares and have used commercially reasonable efforts to have the Underlying Shares approved for listing by NASDAQ; (x) the Board shall have appointed, subject only to the occurrence of the Antitrust Clearance Date (as defined in the Certificate of Designations), the General Preferred Stock Director as a director of the Company, effective as of the Closing Date, and such Investor shall have received a copy of the resolutions of the Board effecting such appointment; and (xi) the Secretary of the Company shall have delivered to each Investor at the Closing a certificate certifying (A) the Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws of the Company as in effect at the Closing and (B) resolutions of the Board approving this Agreement, the Certificate of Designations, the Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement, the Services Agreement, the Tender Offer Documents and the transactions contemplated under the this Agreement, the Certificate of Designations, the Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement, the Services Agreement and the Tender Offer Documents, as applicable.

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Section 8.      Termination; Survival.

(a)            Termination Prior to Closing. This Agreement may be terminated and the transactions contemplated hereby abandoned at any time prior to the Closing:

(i)            by the mutual written consent of the Company and such Investor (with respect to itself);

(ii)           by either the Company or such Investor (with respect to itself) upon written notice to the other, if the Closing shall not have occurred on or prior to 11:59 p.m. New York City time on April 30, 2024 (“Initial End Date”), which for so long as the Company has not both (A) terminated the Tender Offer as well as any other form of acquisition of, or investment in, the Target that it has pursued and (B) publicly announced (without retraction) that it is no longer pursuing or planning to pursue an acquisition of Target (whether pursuant to a tender offer, merger, consolidation, stock or asset purchase or otherwise), may be extended by the Investors until such date as both the conditions in clauses (A) and (B) have occurred (the Initial End Date as it may be extended from time to time, the “Termination Date”); provided that (x) such Investor (with respect to itself) may terminate this Agreement on or following the Initial End Date and (y) the right to terminate this Agreement under this Section 8(a)(ii) shall not be available to any party if the breach by such party of its representations and warranties set forth in this Agreement or the failure of such party to perform any of its obligations under this Agreement has been a principal cause of or primarily resulted in the events specified in this Section 8(a)(ii);

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(iii)          by either the Company or such Investor (with respect to itself) if such party is enjoined or otherwise prohibited by law from consummating the issuance and sale of the Purchased Securities as evidenced by a final and nonappealable judgment prior to the Closing Date; provided that the party seeking to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8(b)(iii) shall have used the required efforts to cause the conditions to Closing to be satisfied in accordance with Section 7.

(iv)          by such Investor (with respect to itself) if the Company shall have breached any of its representations or warranties or failed to perform any of its covenants or agreements set forth in this Agreement, which breach or failure to perform (i) would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 7(c)(ii) or (iii) and (ii) is incapable of being cured prior to the Termination Date, or if capable of being cured, shall not have been cured within 30 calendar days (but in no event later than the Termination Date) following receipt by the Company of written notice of such breach or failure to perform from such Investor stating such Investor’s intention to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8(a)(iv) and the basis for such termination; provided that such Investor (with respect to itself) shall not have the right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8(a)(iv) if such Investor is then in material breach of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements hereunder, which breach would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 7(b)(i) or (ii); or

(v)          by the Company (with respect to any Investor) if such Investor shall have breached any of its representations or warranties or failed to perform any of its covenants or agreements set forth in this Agreement, which breach or failure to perform (i) would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 7(b)(i) or (ii) and (ii) is incapable of being cured prior to the Termination Date, or if capable of being cured, shall not have been cured within 30 calendar days (but in no event later than the Termination Date) following receipt by such Investor of written notice of such breach or failure to perform from the Company stating the Company’s intention to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8(a)(v) and the basis for such termination; provided that the Company shall not have the right to terminate this Agreement pursuant to this Section 8(a)(v) if the Company is then in material breach of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements hereunder, which breach would give rise to the failure of a condition set forth in Section 7(c)(ii) or (iii).

(b)            Termination Following the Closing. Following the Closing, this Agreement will automatically terminate on the date on which the Investors cease to beneficially own any Convertible Preferred Stock, Warrants or Underlying Shares.

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(c)            Effect of Termination. In the event of the termination of this Agreement as provided in Section 8(a), written notice thereof shall be given to the other parties, specifying the provision hereof pursuant to which such termination is made, and this Agreement shall forthwith become null and void (other than Section 6(h), Section 6(q), this Section 8, Section 10, Section 11, Section 12(d), Section 12(e) and Section 12(m), all of which shall survive termination of this Agreement), and there shall be no liability on the part of any Investor or the Company or their respective directors, officers and affiliates in connection with this Agreement, except that no such termination shall relieve any party from liability for damages to another party resulting from a willful and material breach of this Agreement prior to the date of termination or from fraud; provided that, notwithstanding any other provision set forth in this Agreement, except in the case of fraud, neither any Investor, on the one hand, nor the Company, on the other hand, shall have any such liability in excess of the Purchase Price.

(d)            Survival. All of the covenants or other agreements of the parties contained in this Agreement shall survive until fully performed or fulfilled, unless and to the extent that non-compliance with such covenants or agreements is waived in writing by the party entitled to such performance. Except for the Company Fundamental Representations and the warranties and representations contained in Section 5, which shall survive until the sixth anniversary of the Closing Date, the representations and warranties made herein shall survive for 18 months following the Closing Date and shall then expire; provided that nothing herein shall relieve any party of liability for any inaccuracy or breach of such representation or warranty to the extent that any good faith allegation of such inaccuracy or breach is made in writing prior to such expiration by a Person entitled to make such claim pursuant to the terms and conditions of this Agreement. For the avoidance of doubt, claims may be made with respect to the breach of any representation, warranty or covenant until the applicable survival period therefor as described above expires.

(e)            SMR Event. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in the event that the Closing occurs but an SMR Event subsequently occurs, then the Closing shall be deemed not to have occurred with respect to the Purchased Shares and this Agreement shall remain in continuous full force and in effect. For the avoidance of doubt, if after an SMR Event the Company continues to pursue an acquisition of Target’s securities and assets and proposes to issue any preferred equity or warrants to an Investor as financing for such acquisition, (i) the terms of this Agreement shall apply to such subsequent issuances and (ii) such preferred equity and warrants shall have the terms as set forth in the Certificate of Designations and the Warrants, respectively.

Section 9.      Exclusivity.

(a)            The Company hereby agrees that, prior to the Termination Date, the Company shall not, and shall direct its Representatives not to, directly or indirectly, enter into any agreement or understanding with respect to, participate in any discussions or negotiations regarding, furnish to any other person or entity any information with respect to or otherwise accept, consider, discuss, support, solicit, initiate, encourage, facilitate, cooperate with or participate in any Competing Financing.

(b)            The Company will immediately cease, and will cause its Representatives to cease, all contact, discussions and negotiations with any third party with respect to any Competing Financing, will promptly notify the Investors if any proposal, inquiry or contact by any Person (other than the Silver Lake Group) with respect to a Competing Financing is made and will provide full and prompt disclosure of the details thereof, including copies of all written materials with respect thereto.

- 45 -

 

 

(c)            The Company agrees that money damages would not be a sufficient remedy for its breach of this Section 9 and, therefore, the Investors will be entitled to injunctive relief as a remedy for any such breach or threatened breach, without limiting their available remedies and without the need to prove actual damages or to post a bond or other security.

 

(d)            Sections 9(a), (b) and (c) shall terminate and cease to apply following the issuance of the Purchased Securities by the Company to the Investors in accordance with this Agreement; provided that any such termination shall be deemed not to have occurred, and Sections 9(a), (b) and (c) shall be deemed to have been in continuous full force and in effect since the date of this Agreement, if any Purchased Shares are subsequently redeemed in connection with a special mandatory redemption pursuant to Section 7(m) of the Certificate of Designations (an “SMR Event”).

 

(e)            Nothing in this Section 9 shall in any way limit, affect or otherwise modify any of the covenants and obligations under the Exclusivity Agreement, dated December 7, 2023, by and between the Company and Silver Lake Alpine Management Company II, L.L.C.

 

Section 10.     Tax Matters.

 

(a)            Each Investor acknowledges that, if it is a United States person for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then the Company must be provided with a correct taxpayer identification number (generally, a person’s social security or federal employer identification number) and certain other information on a properly completed and executed IRS Form W-9. Each Investor further acknowledges that, if it is not a United States person for U.S. federal income tax purposes, then the Company must be provided with the appropriate properly completed and executed IRS Form W-8, attesting to the non-U.S. Investor’s foreign status and claiming the benefits of the applicable U.S. tax treaty with respect to dividends to the extent such non-U.S. Investor is legally entitled to do so and certain other information, including information establishing an exemption from withholding under Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code. If the Company determines that it is required by applicable law to withhold Taxes with respect to such Investor, the Company will provide the Investor advance written notice of its intent to withhold at least five days prior to the application of such withholding and will allow the Investor a reasonable opportunity to provide any form of certificate available to reduce or eliminate such withholding. Within a reasonable amount of time after making such withholding payment, the Company shall furnish the Investor with copies of any tax certificate, receipt or other documentation reasonably acceptable to the Investor evidencing such payment.

 

(b)            The Company shall pay any and all documentary, stamp and similar issue or transfer Tax due on (x) the issuance of the Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrants and (y) the issuance of shares of Class A Common Stock upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock or the issuance of Class A Common Stock pursuant to the exercise of a Warrant. However, in the case of conversion of Convertible Preferred Stock or the exercise of a Warrant, the Company shall not be required to pay any Tax or duty that may be payable in respect of the issuance or delivery or any transfer involved in the issuance and delivery of shares of Class A Common Stock or Convertible Preferred Stock or the Warrant to a holder other than the holder of the Convertible Preferred Stock or the Warrant, as applicable, immediately prior to such conversion or exercise, and no such issue or delivery shall be made unless and until the person requesting such issue or delivery has paid to the Company the amount of any such Tax or duty, or has established to the satisfaction of the Company that such Tax or duty has been paid or is not payable.

 

 - 47 - 

 

 

Section 11.     Expenses. The Company and the Investors each agree to bear their own costs and expenses, including, without limitation, fees and disbursements of counsel, financing fees, financial advisors and accountants (the “Transaction Expenses”), incurred in connection with this Agreement and the Transactions, except that, upon consummation of the Closing, the Company shall reimburse the Investors for their reasonable and documented Transaction Expenses in an aggregate amount not to exceed $4.0 million. At the Closing, the Investors may net against the aggregate Purchase Price the amount of the Transaction Expenses as reasonably incurred and documented in connection with this Agreement and the Transactions.

 

Section 12.     Miscellaneous.

 

(a)            Waiver; Amendment. Neither this Agreement nor any provisions hereof may be modified, changed, discharged or terminated except by an instrument in writing, signed by the party against whom any waiver, change, discharge or termination is sought.

 

(b)            Assignability. Neither this Agreement nor any right, remedy, obligation or liability arising hereunder or by reason hereof will be assignable by either the Company, on the one hand, or any Investor, on the other hand, without the prior written consent of the other party; provided, that (i) at or prior to the Closing Date, each Investor may assign all of its rights and obligations under this Agreement or any portion thereof to one or more affiliates who execute and deliver a Joinder, and such affiliate shall be deemed an Investor hereunder and shall have all rights and obligations of an Investor or any portion thereof (as set forth in the Joinder); provided that no such assignment will relieve an Investor of its obligations hereunder prior to the Closing Date, except to the extent the acquisition by such assignee(s) of Purchased Securities assigned to such assignee(s) is actually consummated hereunder; or (ii) any affiliate of an Investor who after the Closing Date executes and delivers a Joinder and is a Permitted Transferee of the Convertible Preferred Stock or the Warrants, as applicable, shall be deemed an Investor hereunder and have all the rights and obligations of an Investor or any portion thereof (as set forth in the Joinder); provided that no such assignment will relieve the Investor of its obligations hereunder prior to the Closing Date, except to the extent the acquisition by such assignee(s) of Purchased Securities assigned to such assignee(s) is actually consummated hereunder.

 

(c)            Further Instruments and Acts. Each of the parties to this Agreement agrees to execute and deliver such further instruments and do such further acts as may be reasonably necessary or proper to more effectively carry out the purposes of this Agreement.

 

(d)            Waiver of Jury Trial. EACH OF THE COMPANY AND EACH INVESTOR IRREVOCABLY WAIVES ANY AND ALL RIGHT TO TRIAL BY JURY WITH RESPECT TO ANY LEGAL PROCEEDING ARISING OUT OF THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED BY THIS AGREEMENT.

 

 - 48 - 

 

 

(e)            Governing Law. This Agreement will be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New York, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law rules or provisions (whether of the State of New York or any other jurisdiction) that would cause the application of the laws of any jurisdiction other than the State of New York. The Company and the Investors hereby irrevocably and unconditionally (i) agree that any action or proceeding arising out of or in connection with this Agreement may be brought in the federal courts of the United States of America located in the City of New York or the courts of the State of New York, in each case located in the City of New York (collectively, the “Specified Courts”), (ii) consent to submit to the jurisdiction of the Specified Courts for purposes of any action or proceeding arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, (iii) waive any objection to the laying of venue of any such action or proceeding in the Specified Courts and (iv) waive, and agree not to plead or to make, any claim that any such action or proceeding brought in the Specified Courts has been brought in an improper or inconvenient forum.

 

(f)            Section and Other Headings. The section and other headings contained in this Agreement are for reference purposes only and will not affect the meaning or interpretation of this Agreement.

 

(g)            Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which when so executed and delivered will be deemed to be an original and all of which together will be deemed to be one and the same agreement. Delivery of an executed signature page to this Agreement by facsimile or other electronic transmission (including pdf format) will be effective as delivery of a manually executed counterpart hereof. The words “execution,” “signed,” “signature,” “delivery” and words of like import in or relating to this Agreement or any document to be signed in connection with this Agreement shall be deemed to include electronic signatures, deliveries or the keeping of records in electronic form, each of which shall be of the same legal effect, validity or enforceability as a manually executed signature, physical delivery thereof or the use of a paper-based recordkeeping system, as the case may be, and the parties hereto consent to conduct the transactions contemplated hereunder by electronic means.

 

(h)            Notices. All notices and other communications to the Company provided for herein will be in writing and will be deemed to have been duly given if delivered personally or sent by nationally recognized overnight courier service or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid to the following addresses (or such other address as either party may have hereafter specified by notice in writing to the other):

 

(i)            if to the Company:

 

Vertex, Inc.

2301 Renaissance Blvd

King of Prussia, Pennsylvania 19406

Attention:      General Counsel

Email:              Bryan.Rowland@vertex.com

 

 - 49 - 

 

 

With a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Latham & Watkins LLP

555 11th Street, N.W., Suite 1000

Washington, D.C. 20004

Attention:      Joel H. Trotter

Christopher J. Clark

Email:              joel.trotter@lw.com

christopher.j.clark@lw.com

 

(ii)            if to any Investor, the address provided on the signature page hereto of such Investor, with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP

425 Lexington Avenue

New York, NY 10017

Attention:      Ken Wallach

        Hui Lin

        Sunny Cheong

Email:              kwallach@stblaw.com

  hui.lin@stblaw.com

  scheong@stblaw.com

 

(i)             Binding Effect. The provisions of this Agreement will be binding upon and accrue to the benefit of the parties hereto and their respective heirs, legal representatives, successors and permitted assigns.

 

(j)             Notification of Changes. Each Investor covenants and agrees to notify the Company, and the Company covenants and agrees to notify each Investor, upon the occurrence of any event prior to the Closing that would cause any representation, warranty or covenant of such Investor or the Company, as applicable, contained in this Agreement to be false or incorrect.

 

(k)            Severability. If any term or provision of this Agreement is invalid, illegal or unenforceable in any jurisdiction, such invalidity, illegality or unenforceability will not affect any other term or provision of this Agreement or invalidate or render unenforceable such term or provision in any other jurisdiction.

 

(l)             Entire Agreement. This Agreement, including all Exhibits hereto, constitutes the entire agreement of the parties hereto with respect to the specific subject matter covered hereby, and supersedes in their entirety all other agreements or understandings between or among the parties with respect to such specific subject matter.

 

 - 50 - 

 

 

(m)            Non-Recourse. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement, each Investor’s liability for any liability, loss, damage or recovery of any kind (including special, exemplary, consequential, indirect or punitive damages or damages arising from loss of profits, business opportunities or goodwill, diminution in value or any other losses or damages, whether at law, in equity, in contract, in tort or otherwise) arising under or in connection with any breach of this Agreement or any other agreement in connection with the Transactions (whether willfully, intentionally, unintentionally or otherwise) or in respect of any oral representations made or alleged to have been made in connection herewith shall be no greater than an amount equal to the Purchase Price, and each Investor shall have no further liability or obligation relating to or arising out of this Agreement, any other agreement in connection with the Transactions or the Transactions in excess of such amount.

 

(n)            Reliance by Centerview. Centerview, acting as financial advisor to the Company, may rely on each representation and warranty of the Company and the Investors herein or pursuant to the terms hereof with the same force and effect as if such representation or warranty were made directly to Centerview. Centerview will be a third-party beneficiary of this Agreement to the extent provided in this Section 12(n).

 

[Signature Pages Follow]

 

 - 51 - 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties to this Agreement have caused this Agreement to be duly executed as of the date first written above.

 

    Investor:
     
     
    Silver Lake Alpine II, L.P.
    Legal Name
       
       
    By: Silver Lake Alpine Associates II, L.P., as general partner
       
    By: SLAA II (GP), L.L.C., its general partner
       
    By: Silver Lake Group, L.L.C., its managing member
       
       
    By: /s/Joseph Osnoss
      Name: Joseph Osnoss
      Title: Managing Director

 

Investor Address:   Taxpayer Identification Number:
     
2775 Sand Hill Road   [***]
     
Suite 100    
     
Menlo Park, CA 94025    
     
Country (and, if applicable, State) of Residence:    
     
Delaware    

 

[Signature Page to Investment Agreement]

 

 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties to this Agreement have caused this Agreement to be duly executed as of the date first written above.

 

  Vertex, inc.
   
     
  By: /s/John Schwab
    Name: John Schwab
    Title: Chief Financial Officer

 

[Signature Page to Investment Agreement]

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE A

 

Investor Purchase Schedule

 

Legal Name of Investor  Number of
Purchased
Shares
   Number of
Purchased
Warrants
   Purchase
Price
 
Silver Lake Alpine II, L.P.   500,000    2,500,000   $491,250,000 
Total   500,000    2,500,000   $491,250,000 

 

 SA-1  

 

 

SCHEDULE B

 

List of Competitors

 

1.Thomson Reuters Corporation

2.Sovos Compliance LLC*

3.Avalara Inc.*

4.Ryan, LLC

5.Meridian Global Services

6.Taxdoo GmbH

7.Taxmarc

8.Fonoa Technologies ltd.

9.Edicom Capital, S.L.

10.Tradeshift Holdings Inc.

11.Basware Corporation*

12.ecosio GmbH

13.Anrok Inc.

14.Tungsten Network (subsidiary of Kofax Inc.)*

15.Unifiedpost Group

16.OpusCapita Software GmbH

17.SNI Teknoloji Hizmetleri A.S.

18.Open Text Corporation

19.SAP SE

20.Medius Sverige AB

21.BTRS Holdings Inc., dba Billtrust

22.Sidetrade SA

23.Esker, Inc.

24.BlackLine Systems, Inc.

25.Proactis Holdings Limited

26.Namirial S.p.A.

27.Mercell Holding AS

28.JAGGAER, LLC

 

 SB-1  

 

 

EXHIBIT A

 

Form of Certificate of Designations

(See Attached)

 

 A-1  

 

 

Exhibit A

 

Vertex, Inc.

 

Certificate of Designations

 

11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

[DATE]

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

Page

 

Section 1. Definitions 1
Section 2. Rules of Construction 19
(a) Generally 19
(b) Accounting Principles; Changes in GAAP 20
(c) Limited Condition Acquisitions 20
Section 3. The Convertible Preferred Stock 21
(a) Designation; Par Value 21
(b) Number of Authorized Shares 21
(c) Form, Dating and Denominations 21
(d) Execution, Countersignature and Delivery 21
(e) Method of Payment; Delay When Payment Date is Not a Business Day 22
(f) Transfer Agent, Registrar, Paying Agent and Conversion Agent 23
(g) Legends 24
(h) Transfers and Exchanges; Transfer Taxes; Certain Transfer Restrictions 25
(i) Exchange and Cancellation of Convertible Preferred Stock to Be Converted or to Be Repurchased Pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption 30
(j) Removal of Transfer Restrictions 32
(k) Status of Retired Shares 32
(l) Replacement Certificates 32
(m) Registered Holders; Certain Rights with Respect to Global Certificates 32
(n) Cancellation 33
(o) Shares Held by the Company or its Subsidiaries 33
(p) Outstanding Shares 33
(q) Repurchases by the Company and its Subsidiaries 34
(r) Notations and Exchanges 34
(s) CUSIP and ISIN Numbers 35
Section 4. Ranking 35
Section 5. Dividends 35
(a) Generally 35
(b) [Reserved.] 36
(c) Cessation of the Accrual of Regular Dividends Upon Redemption, Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change, Optional Repurchase or Conversion 36
(d) Treatment of Dividends Upon Redemption, Optional Repurchase or Conversion 36
Section 6. Rights Upon Liquidation, Dissolution or Winding Up 36
(a) Generally 36
(b) Certain Business Combination Transactions Deemed Not to Be a Liquidation 37
Section 7. Right of the Company to Redeem the Convertible Preferred Stock 37
(a) No Right to Redeem Before the Redemption Conditional Trigger Date 37
(b) Right to Redeem the Convertible Preferred Stock 37
(c) Settlement Upon Redemption 38

 

i -

 

 

(d) Redemption Prohibited in Certain Circumstances 38
(e) [Reserved.] 39
(f) Redemption Date 39
(g) Redemption Price 39
(h) Funds Legally Available for Payment of Redemption Price; Increase in Regular Dividend Rate; Covenant Not to Take Certain Actions 39
(i) Redemption Notice 40
(j) Selection and Conversion of Convertible Preferred Stock Subject to Partial Redemption 41
(k) Payment or Delivery of the Redemption Price 41
(l) Restriction on Settlement in Shares 41
(m) Special Mandatory Redemption 41
Section 8. Right of Holders to Require the Company to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock upon a Fundamental Change 42
(a) Fundamental Change Repurchase Right; Settlement of Fundamental Change Repurchase Price 42
(b) Funds Legally Available for Payment of Fundamental Change Repurchase Price; Increase in Regular Dividend Rate; Covenant Not to Take Certain Actions 42
(c) Fundamental Change Repurchase Date 44
(d) Fundamental Change Repurchase Price 44
(e) Fundamental Change Notices 44
(f) Procedures to Exercise the Fundamental Change Repurchase Right 46
(g) Payment or Delivery of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price 47
(h) Third Party May Conduct Repurchase Offer In Lieu of the Company 47
(i) No Requirement to Conduct an Offer to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock if the Fundamental Change Results in the Convertible Preferred Stock Becoming Convertible into an Amount of Cash Exceeding the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price 47
(j) Fundamental Change Agreements 48
Section 9. Right of Holders to Require the Company to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock on or After the Put Trigger Date 48
(a) Optional Repurchase Right 48
(b) No Optional Repurchase Right in Certain Circumstances 48
(c) Settlement Upon Optional Repurchase 48
(d) Optional Repurchase Date 49
(e) Optional Repurchase Price 49
(f) Procedures to Exercise the Optional Repurchase Right 49
(g) Payment or Delivery of the Optional Repurchase Price 50
(h) Failure to Repurchase 51
(i) Restriction on Settlement in Shares 52
Section 10. Voting and Governance Rights 52
(a) [Reserved.] 52
(b) Right to Designate General Preferred Stock Director 52
(c) Voting and Consent Rights with Respect to Specified Matters 55
(d) Right to Vote with Holders of Common Stock on an As-Converted Basis 60

 

ii -

 

 

(e) Procedures for Voting and Consents 60
Section 11. Conversion 61
(a) Generally 61
(b) Conversion at the Option of the Holders 61
(c) Failure to Satisfy Conversion Condition 62
(d) Conversion Procedures 63
(e) Settlement upon Conversion 64
(f) Conversion Price Adjustments 65
(g) Voluntary Conversion Price Decreases 74
(h) Adjustments to the Conversion Price in Connection with a Make-Whole Fundamental Change 75
(i) Restriction on Conversions 76
(j) Effect of Common Stock Change Event 77
Section 12. Certain Provisions Relating to the Issuance of Common Stock 79
(a) Equitable Adjustments to Prices 79
(b) Reservation of Shares of Common Stock 79
(c) Status of Shares of Common Stock 80
(d) Taxes Upon Issuance of Common Stock 80
Section 13. No Preemptive Rights 80
Section 14. Calculations 80
(a) Responsibility; Schedule of Calculations 80
(b) Calculations Aggregated for Each Holder 80
Section 15. Trigger Events and Remedies 81
(a) Trigger Events 81
(b) Remedies for Trigger Events 81
(c) Waiver of Past Trigger Events 81
Section 16. Tax Treatment 81
Section 17. Notices 82
Section 18. Waiver 82
Section 19. Severability 82
Section 20. No Other Rights 82

 

Exhibits

 

Exhibit A: Form of Preferred Stock Certificate A-1
   
Exhibit B: Form of Restricted Stock Legend B-1
   
Exhibit C: Form of Global Certificate Legend C-1

 

iii -

 

 

Certificate of Designations

 

11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock

 

On [ · ], 2023, the Board of Directors of Vertex, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), adopted the following resolution designating and creating, out of the authorized and unissued shares of preferred stock of the Company, 500,000 authorized shares of a series of preferred stock of the Company titled the “11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock”:

 

RESOLVED that, pursuant to the Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws and applicable law, a series of preferred stock of the Company titled the “11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock,” and having a par value of $0.001 per share and an initial number of authorized shares equal to Five Hundred Thousand (500,000), is hereby designated and created out of the authorized and unissued shares of preferred stock of the Company, which series has the rights, designations, preferences, voting powers and other provisions set forth below:

 

Section 1.     Definitions.

 

Acquisition” has the meaning given to it in the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date).

 

Affiliate” has the meaning set forth in Rule 144, provided that for purposes of the “Initial Holder” definition, no portfolio company of any affiliate of Silver Lake Group, L.L.C. that serves as general partner of, or manages or advises, any investment fund or other investment entity affiliated with Silver Lake Group, L.L.C., the Initial Holders or their respective affiliates shall be deemed an affiliate of the applicable Initial Holder and its other affiliates so long as such portfolio company is not a member of a group (as such term is defined in Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) with any Initial Holder or any of its affiliates with respect to any securities of the Company.

 

[“Antitrust Clearance Date” means the date on which the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, has expired or been terminated, and any other required clearances, approvals or authorizations of filings and registrations with, and notifications to government authorities under other applicable antitrust and competition laws have been received, in each case, with respect to the ownership by the Holders of voting securities in the Company.]1

 

Approved Convertible Debt” has the meaning given to it in the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date).

 

Board of Directors” means the Company’s board of directors or a committee of such board duly authorized to act on behalf of such board.

 

Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or any day on which the Federal Reserve Bank of New York is authorized or required by law or executive order to close or be closed.

 

 

1 To be included if Antitrust Clearance Date has not occurred prior to the Initial Issue Date.

 

 - 1 - 

 

 

Capital Stock” of any Person means any and all shares of, interests in, rights to purchase, warrants or options for, participations in, or other equivalents of, in each case however designated, the equity of such Person, but excluding any debt securities convertible into such equity.

 

Certificate” means a Physical Certificate or a Global Certificate.

 

Certificate of Designations” means this Certificate of Designations, as amended or supplemented from time to time.

 

Certificate of Incorporation” means the Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, as the same may be further amended, supplemented or restated.

 

Close of Business” means 5:00 p.m., New York City time.

 

Class B Common Stock” means Class B common stock, $0.001 par value per share, of the Company, subject to Section 11(j).

 

Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

 

Common Stock” means the Class A common stock, $0.001 par value per share, of the Company, subject to Section 11(j).

 

Common Stock Change Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(j)(i).

 

Common Stock Liquidity Conditions” will be satisfied with respect to a Redemption if:

 

(a)            (i) either (1) each share of Common Stock that may be issued upon conversion of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is subject to such Redemption would be eligible to be offered, sold or otherwise transferred by the Holder of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act (or any successor rule thereto), without any requirements as to volume, manner of sale, availability of current public information (whether or not then satisfied) or notice; or (2) the offer and sale of such share of Common Stock by such Holder are registered pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act and such registration statement is reasonably expected by the Company to remain effective and usable, by the Holder to sell such share of Common Stock, continuously during the period from, and including, the date the related Redemption Notice is sent to, and including, the forty fifth (45th) Trading Day after the date such share of Common Stock is issued; and (ii) the offer, sale or other transfer of such share of Common Stock by such Holder would not be subject to any registration or notice requirement under any U.S. State securities or “blue sky” laws (other than those that have been fully satisfied or complied with as of the date the related Redemption Notice is sent);

 

(b)            each share of Common Stock referred to in clause (a) above (i) will, when issued (or, in the case of clause (a)(i)(2), when sold or otherwise transferred pursuant to the registration statement referred to in such clause), (1) be admitted for book-entry settlement through the Depositary with an “unrestricted” CUSIP number; and (2) not be represented by any certificate that bears a legend referring to transfer restrictions under the Securities Act or other securities laws; and (ii) will, when issued, be listed and admitted for trading, without suspension or material limitation on trading, on any of The New York Stock Exchange, The NASDAQ Global Market or The NASDAQ Global Select Market (or any of their respective successors);

 

 - 2 - 

 

 

(c)            (i) the Company has not received any written threat or notice of delisting or suspension by the applicable exchange referred to in clause (b)(ii) above with a reasonable prospect of delisting, after giving effect to all applicable notice and appeal periods; and (ii) no such delisting or suspension is reasonably likely to occur or is pending based on the Company falling below the minimum listing maintenance requirements of such exchange;

 

(d)            such Holder is not in possession of any material non-public information provided by or on behalf of the Company;

 

(e)            no trading or other policy of the Company would prohibit or restrict in any manner the sale or transfer of any share of Common Stock referred to in clause (a) above by such Holder at any time during the period from, and including, the date the related Redemption Notice is sent to, and including, the forty fifth (45th) Trading Day after the date such share of Common Stock is issued; and

 

(f)            the conversion of all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are subject to such Redemption would not be limited or otherwise restricted by Section 11(i).

 

Company” means Vertex, Inc., a Delaware corporation.

 

Consolidated EBITDA” for any period of determination means (i) net income plus, without duplication and to the extent deducted in determining such net income, the sum of (a) depreciation, amortization, interest expense and income tax expense, (b) other non-cash charges to net income, but excluding non-cash charges that are expected to become cash charges in a future period or that are reserves for future cash charges, (c) non-cash charges related to stock-based compensation expense or “mark-to-market” expenses related to stock-based compensation liabilities that have reduced net income in such period and have been reflected on the balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries (whether or not expected to result in a future cash payment), (d) third-party transaction costs and expenses in connection with any Acquisition (whether or not consummated), (e) extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual losses and expenses, (f) any unrealized losses for such period attributable to the application of “mark to market” accounting in respect of Approved Convertible Debt, (g) any third-party transaction fees and expenses for such period relating to the Approved Convertible Debt (whether or not consummated) and (h) severance, recruiting, retention and relocation, signing and stay bonuses and related costs, charges and expenses in an aggregate amount not to exceed $10,000,000 from and after March 8, 2022, minus (ii) without duplication and to the extent included in determining such net income, (a) non-cash credits to net income (excluding non-cash credits that are to become cash credits in a future period and represent an accrual or reserve for a future or potential future cash payment), (b) the portion of any cash payment made in relation to the exercise or settlement of any stock-based compensation, simultaneously with the reduction of any such balance sheet liability or reserve in such period that the payment was made (whether or not such payment increased or decreased net income in that period) related to non-cash charges added to Consolidated EBITDA pursuant to clause (c) above and only to the extent so added, (c) any extraordinary, non-recurring or unusual gains and income and (d) any unrealized gains for such period attributable to the application of “mark to market” accounting in respect of Approved Convertible Debt.

 

 - 3 - 

 

 

If during any period the Company or any Subsidiary thereof shall have made any Acquisition or Disposition, such transaction shall be deemed to have occurred on and as of the first day of such period, so long as, with respect to Acquisitions, (a) if the Consolidated EBITDA attributable to the property, line of business or Person subject to such Acquisition during the period of determination is 15% or more of Consolidated EBITDA prior to including such income statement items, the Holders shall have received for the prior one-year period audited financial statements prepared on a GAAP basis (provided that certain aspects of such financial statements do not need to be prepared on a GAAP basis if the Majority Holders, acting in their reasonable discretion, approve such non-GAAP aspects) or an independent third-party due diligence report for such Person from a nationally recognized accounting firm or other recognized firm reasonably acceptable to the Majority Holders or (b) if the Consolidated EBITDA attributable to the property, line of business or Person subject to such Acquisition during the period of determination is less than 15% of Consolidated EBITDA prior to including such income statement items for the prior three-year period, audited financial statements, if available, prepared on a GAAP basis (provided that certain aspects of such financial statements do not need to be prepared on a GAAP basis if the Majority Holders, acting in their reasonable discretion, approves such non-GAAP aspects) or to the extent such person to be acquired has no such audited historical financial results, the management prepared financial results of such Person for the applicable period, with such results to be in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Majority Holders; provided, that, if such audited financial statements, management prepared financial statements or third-party due diligence report, as applicable, are required and have not been provided to the Holders, the historical Consolidated EBITDA of such Person or attributable to such assets shall not be included in the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA unless consented to in writing by the Majority Holders in their sole discretion.

 

Whenever pro forma effect or a determination of pro forma compliance is to be given with respect to an Acquisition, the pro forma calculations shall be made in good faith by the Company and may include (i) any projected operating expense reductions, synergies or cost savings (net of continuing associated expenses) that are reasonably anticipated by the Company to be achieved in connection with any such event within the 24-month period following the consummation of such event, which the Company determines in good faith are reasonable as of the date of such computation, and (ii) (without duplication of clause (i)(e) of the first paragraph of this definition) cost savings initiatives and/or operating improvements, restructurings, cost savings and similar initiatives, actions and/or events, including (A) reductions in costs of an acquired entity or business or a sold entity or business, which will be non-recurring following the acquisition thereof, (B) reduction in personnel expenses (including severance), (C) reduction of costs related to administrative functions, (D) reductions of costs (including closures) related to leased or owned properties, (E) reduction or elimination of costs from the consolidation of operations or synergies therefrom and (F) streamlining of overhead (taking into account the historical financial statements of any relevant acquired entity or business or a sold entity or business and the consolidated financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries), assuming the relevant Acquisition and/or operating improvement, restructuring, cost savings and/or similar initiative, action and/or event and all other Acquisitions, operating improvements, restructurings, cost savings and similar initiatives, actions and/or events that have been consummated after the beginning of such period, had been consummated at the beginning of such period; provided that (w) all adjustments pursuant to this paragraph will be without duplication of any amounts that are otherwise included or added back in computing Consolidated EBITDA in accordance with the definition thereof, (x) if any cost savings or other adjustments included in any pro forma calculations based on the anticipation that such cost savings or other adjustments will be achieved within such 24-month period shall at any time cease to be reasonably anticipated by the Company to be so achieved, then on and after such time pro forma calculations required to be made hereunder shall not reflect such cost savings or other adjustments, (y) the aggregate amount added to Consolidated EBITDA pursuant to this paragraph in any four consecutive quarterly period shall not exceed 20% of Consolidated EBITDA for such period of four consecutive fiscal quarters (calculated prior to giving effect to this paragraph) and (z) such items added to Consolidated EBITDA pursuant to this paragraph shall be supported by such documentation as shall be reasonably requested by the Majority Holders.

 

 - 4 - 

 

 

Continuing Share Reserve Requirement” means, as of any time, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the product of (a) one and a half (1.5); and (b) the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (without regard to Section 11(i)) upon conversion of all Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding as of such time (assuming such conversion occurred as of such time and the Company settled such conversion all in shares of Common Stock).

 

Controlling Stockholders” means (i) any Individual Stockholder, (ii) any trusts for the benefit of any Individual Stockholder, (ii) any estate or testamentary trust of any Individual Stockholder for the benefit of any Individual Stockholder or Individual Stockholders, (iv) any executor, administrator, trustee, conservator or legal or personal representative of any Person or Persons specified in clauses (i), (ii) and (iii) above to the extent acting in such capacity on behalf of any Individual Stockholder or Individual Stockholders and not individually, (v) any corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity, in each case, 100% of which is controlled by any of the foregoing or combination of the foregoing and (vi) any other member of the “group” (within the meaning of Section 13 of the Exchange Act) of the foregoing.

 

Conversion Agent” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(f)(i).

 

Conversion Consideration” means, with respect to the conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock, the type and amount of consideration payable to settle such conversion, determined in accordance with Section 11.

 

Conversion Consideration Payment Failure” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(c)(i).

 

Conversion Date” means, with respect to any share of Convertible Preferred Stock, the first Business Day on which the requirements set forth in Section 11(d)(ii) to convert such share are satisfied.

 

Conversion Notice” means a notice substantially in the form of the “Conversion Notice” set forth in Exhibit A.

 

Conversion Price” initially means $[ ]2 per share of Common Stock; provided, however, that the Conversion Price is subject to adjustment pursuant to Sections 11(f), 11(g) and 11(h). Each reference in this Certificate of Designations or the Convertible Preferred Stock to the Conversion Price as of a particular date without setting forth a particular time on such date will be deemed to be a reference to the Conversion Price immediately before the Close of Business on such date.

 

 

2 To be 20% premium to the VWAP measured over a 10-day period (consisting of 5 trading days prior to the public announcement of the Transactions and 5 trading days subsequent to the public announcement of the Transactions) as a single measurement period (as opposed to the arithmetic average of daily VWAPs for 10 days), but in any event no lower than $32.50 and no higher than $37.50. The date on which the Transactions are publicly announced will be treated as (i) part of the pre-announcement period if such announcement occurred after the closing of trading of the Company’s common stock on its principal market and (ii) part of the post-announcement period if such announcement occurred prior to the opening of trading of the Company’s common stock on its principal market.

 

 - 5 - 

 

 

Conversion Share” means any share of Common Stock issued or issuable upon conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Convertible Preferred Stock” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(a).

 

Daily VWAP” means, for any VWAP Trading Day, the per share volume-weighted average price of the Common Stock as displayed under the heading “Bloomberg VWAP” on Bloomberg page “VERX <EQUITY> AQR” (or, if such page is not available, its equivalent successor page) in respect of the period from the scheduled open of trading until the scheduled close of trading of the primary trading session on such VWAP Trading Day (or, if such volume-weighted average price is unavailable, the market value of one (1) share of Common Stock on such VWAP Trading Day, determined, using a volume-weighted average price method, by a nationally recognized independent investment banking firm the Company selects). The Daily VWAP will be determined without regard to after-hours trading or any other trading outside of the regular trading session.

 

Default Rate” has the meaning set forth in Section 15(b).

 

Deficit Shares” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(i)(iii)(1).

 

Depositary” means The Depository Trust Company or its successor.

 

Depositary Participant” means any member of, or participant in, the Depositary.

 

Depositary Procedures” means, with respect to any conversion, transfer, exchange or other transaction involving a Global Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock, or any beneficial interest in such Global Certificate, the rules and procedures of the Depositary applicable to such conversion, transfer, exchange or transaction.

 

Disposition” has the meaning given to it in the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date).

 

Director Qualification Requirement” has the meaning set forth in Section 10(b)(i).

 

Dividend Junior Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock whose terms do not expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to, or equally with, the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the payment of dividends (without regard to whether or not dividends accumulate cumulatively). Dividend Junior Stock includes the Common Stock. For the avoidance of doubt, Dividend Junior Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

 - 6 - 

 

 

Dividend Parity Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock (other than the Convertible Preferred Stock) whose terms expressly provide that such class or series will rank equally with the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the payment of dividends (without regard to whether or not dividends accumulate cumulatively). For the avoidance of doubt, Dividend Parity Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

Dividend Senior Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock whose terms expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the payment of dividends (without regard to whether or not dividends accumulate cumulatively). For the avoidance of doubt, Dividend Senior Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

Equity Treatment Limitation” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(i)(iii)(1).

 

Ex-Dividend Date” means, with respect to an issuance, dividend or distribution on the Common Stock, the first date on which shares of Common Stock trade on the applicable exchange or in the applicable market, regular way, without the right to receive such issuance, dividend or distribution (including pursuant to due bills or similar arrangements required by the relevant stock exchange). For the avoidance of doubt, any alternative trading convention on the applicable exchange or market in respect of the Common Stock under a separate ticker symbol or CUSIP number will not be considered “regular way” for this purpose.

 

Exchange Act” means the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

Exempted Fundamental Change” means any Fundamental Change with respect to which, in accordance with Section 8(i), the Company does not offer to repurchase any Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Expiration Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(5).

 

Expiration Time” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(5).

 

Fundamental Change” means any of the following events, whether in a single transaction or a series of related transactions:

 

(a)            a “person” or “group”, within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act (other than (x) the Company or its Wholly Owned Subsidiaries, or their respective employee benefit plans, or (y) the Controlling Stockholders), files any report with the SEC indicating that such person or group has become the direct or indirect “beneficial owner” (as defined below) of shares of the Company’s common equity representing more than fifty percent (50%) of the voting power of all of the Company’s then-outstanding common equity;

 

 - 7 - 

 

 

(b)            the consummation of (i) any sale, lease or other transfer, in one transaction or a series of transactions, of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any Person other than solely to the Company or one or more of the Company’s Wholly Owned Subsidiaries; or (ii) any transaction or series of related transactions in connection with which (whether by means of merger, consolidation, share exchange, combination, reclassification, recapitalization, acquisition, liquidation or otherwise) all or a majority of the Common Stock is exchanged for, converted into, acquired for, or constitutes solely the right to receive, other securities, cash or other property; provided, however, that any merger, consolidation, share exchange or combination of the Company pursuant to which the Persons (other than the Controlling Stockholders) that directly or indirectly “beneficially owned” (as defined below) all classes of the Company’s common equity immediately before such transaction directly or indirectly “beneficially own,” immediately after such transaction, more than fifty percent (50%) of all classes of common equity (excluding the common equity beneficially owned by the Controlling Stockholders) of the surviving, continuing or acquiring company or other transferee, as applicable, or the parent thereof, in substantially the same proportions vis-à-vis each other as immediately before such transaction will be deemed not to be a Fundamental Change pursuant to this clause (b);

 

(c)            the Company’s stockholders approve any plan or proposal for the liquidation or dissolution of the Company; or

 

(d)            the Common Stock ceases to be listed on any of The New York Stock Exchange, The NASDAQ Global Market or The NASDAQ Global Select Market (or any of their respective successors);

 

provided, however, that a transaction or event described in clause (a) or (b) above will not constitute a Fundamental Change if at least ninety percent (90%) of the consideration received or to be received by the holders of Common Stock (excluding cash payments for fractional shares or pursuant to dissenters rights), in connection with such transaction or event, consists of shares of common stock or other corporate common equity interests listed (or depositary receipts representing shares of common stock or other corporate common equity interests, which depositary receipts are listed) on any of The New York Stock Exchange, The NASDAQ Global Market or The NASDAQ Global Select Market (or any of their respective successors), or that will be so listed when issued or exchanged in connection with such transaction or event, and such transaction or event constitutes a Common Stock Change Event whose Reference Property consists of such consideration.

 

For the purposes of this definition, (x) any transaction or event described in both clause (a) and in clause (b)(i) or (ii) above (without regard to the proviso in clause (b)) will be deemed to occur solely pursuant to clause (b) above (subject to such proviso); and (y) whether a Person is a “beneficial owner,” whether shares are “beneficially owned,” and percentage beneficial ownership, will be determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act, but without regard to paragraph (d)(1) of such Rule.

 

Fundamental Change Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 8(e).

 

Fundamental Change Repurchase Date” means the date fixed, pursuant to Section 8(c), for the repurchase of any Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change.

 

 - 8 - 

 

 

Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice” means a notice (including a notice substantially in the form of the “Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice” set forth in Exhibit A) containing the information, or otherwise complying with the requirements, set forth in Section 8(f)(i) and Section 8(f)(ii).

 

Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure” has the meaning set forth in Section 8(b)(ii).

 

Fundamental Change Repurchase Price” means the cash price payable by the Company to repurchase any share of Convertible Preferred Stock upon its Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change, calculated pursuant to Section 8(d).

 

Fundamental Change Repurchase Right” has the meaning set forth in Section 8(a).

 

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles as are in effect from time to time, subject to the provisions of Section 2(b), and applied on a consistent basis both as to classification of items and amounts.

 

General Preferred Stock Director” has the meaning set forth in Section 10(b)(i).

 

General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition” has the meaning set forth in Section 10(b)(i).

 

Global Certificate” means any certificate representing any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock, which certificate is substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit A, registered in the name of the Depositary or its nominee, duly executed by the Company and countersigned by the Transfer Agent, and deposited with the Transfer Agent, as custodian for the Depositary.

 

Global Certificate Legend” means a legend substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit C.

 

Holder” means a person in whose name any Convertible Preferred Stock is registered on the Registrar’s books.

 

Indebtedness” means, as to any Person at any time, any and all indebtedness, obligations or liabilities (whether matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, or joint or several) of such Person for or in respect of: (i) borrowed money; (ii) amounts raised under or liabilities in respect of any note purchase or acceptance credit facility; (iii) reimbursement obligations (contingent or otherwise) under any letter of credit agreement; (iv) obligations under any currency swap agreement, interest rate swap, cap, collar or floor agreement or other interest rate management device; (v) any other transaction (including forward sale or purchase agreements, capitalized leases and conditional sales agreements) having the commercial effect of a borrowing of money entered into by such Person to finance its operations or capital requirements (but not including trade payables and accrued expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business which are not represented by a promissory note or other evidence of indebtedness and which are not more than 60 days past due); (vi) any obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or similar instruments; (vii) any Indebtedness of others secured by (or for which the holder of such Indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Lien on property owned or acquired by such Person, whether or not the obligations secured thereby have been assumed; (viii) any guarantee of Indebtedness for borrowed money; or (ix) the deferred purchase price of property or services (other than (I) trade payables, accrued expenses and intercompany liabilities arising in the ordinary course of business which are not represented by a promissory note or other evidence of indebtedness, (II) prepaid or deferred revenue arising in the ordinary course of business, (III) purchase price holdbacks arising in the ordinary course of business in respect of a portion of the purchase price of an asset to satisfy underperformed obligations of the seller of such asset or (IV) except to the extent included as a liability on the balance sheet of such Person in accordance with GAAP, earnouts and similar obligations).

 

 - 9 - 

 

 

Individual Stockholder” means each “Individual Stockholder” (as defined in that certain Third Amended and Restated Stockholders’ Agreement, dated as of July 28, 2020, by and among the Company and the stockholders of the Company party thereto, as of the Initial Issue Date), and any spouse, widower or widow, descendant by blood or adoption (including any spouse, widow or widower of any such descendant) or any step-child or descendant of a step-child (including any spouse, widow or widower of any such step-child or descendant of such step-child) of the foregoing.

 

Initial Fundamental Change Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 8(e).

 

Initial Holder” means the Holders that purchase shares of Convertible Preferred Stock on the Initial Issue Date, their Affiliates and any Permitted Transferees (as defined in the Investment Agreement) of such Persons.

 

Initial Issue Date” means [closing date].

 

Initial Liquidation Preference” means $1,000 per share of Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Initial Share Reserve Requirement” means a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the product of (a) two (2); and (b) the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (without regard to Section 11(i)) upon conversion of all Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding as of the Initial Issue Date (assuming such conversion occurred on the Initial Issue Date and the Company settled such conversion all in shares of Common Stock).

 

Investment Agreement” means that certain Investment Agreement, dated as of December 12, 2023 (the “Investment Agreement Date”), between the Company and Silver Lake Alpine II, L.P.

 

Junior Stock” means any Dividend Junior Stock or Liquidation Junior Stock.

 

Last Reported Sale Price” of the Common Stock for any Trading Day means the closing sale price per share (or, if no closing sale price is reported, the average of the last bid price and the last ask price per share or, if more than one in either case, the average of the average last bid prices and the average last ask prices per share) of the Common Stock on such Trading Day as reported in composite transactions for the principal U.S. national or regional securities exchange on which the Common Stock is then listed. If the Common Stock is not listed on a U.S. national or regional securities exchange on such Trading Day, then the Last Reported Sale Price will be the last quoted bid price per share of Common Stock on such Trading Day in the over-the-counter market as reported by OTC Markets Group Inc. or a similar organization. If the Common Stock is not so quoted on such Trading Day, then the Last Reported Sale Price will be the average of the mid-point of the last bid price and the last ask price per share of Common Stock on such Trading Day from a nationally recognized independent investment banking firm the Company selects in good faith.

 

 - 10 - 

 

 

Lien” means any mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, lien, security interest, charge or other encumbrance or security arrangement of any nature whatsoever, whether voluntarily or involuntarily given, including any conditional sale or title retention arrangement, and any assignment, deposit arrangement or lease intended as, or having the effect of, security.

 

Limited Condition Acquisition” shall mean any Permitted Acquisition or other Acquisition by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries not prohibited by this Certificate of Designations whose consummation is not conditioned on the availability of, or on obtaining, third-party acquisition financing.

 

Liquidation Junior Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock whose terms do not expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to, or equally with, the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up. Liquidation Junior Stock includes the Common Stock. For the avoidance of doubt, Liquidation Junior Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

Liquidation Parity Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock (other than the Convertible Preferred Stock) whose terms expressly provide that such class or series will rank equally with the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up. For the avoidance of doubt, Liquidation Parity Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

Liquidation Preference” means, with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock, an amount initially equal to the Initial Liquidation Preference per share of Convertible Preferred Stock; provided, however, that the Liquidation Preference is subject to adjustment pursuant to Sections 5(a)(iii)(1), 7(h)(ii), 8(b)(ii), 9(h)(i), 11(c)(i) and 11(e)(i). All adjustments to the Liquidation Preference will be made to the nearest cent (with half of one cent rounded upward).

 

Liquidation Senior Stock” means any class or series of the Company’s Capital Stock whose terms expressly provide that such class or series will rank senior to the Convertible Preferred Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up. For the avoidance of doubt, Liquidation Senior Stock will not include any securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries.

 

Majority Holders” means Holders constituting at least a majority of the outstanding voting power of the Convertible Preferred Stock, which, so long as the Initial Holder beneficially owns Convertible Preferred Stock and/or shares of Common Stock that represent in the aggregate and on an as converted basis, at least twenty-five percent (25%) of the shares of Common Stock underlying the Convertible Preferred Stock on an as converted basis as of the Initial Issue Date, must include the Initial Holder.

 

 - 11 - 

 

 

Make-Whole Fundamental Change” means a Fundamental Change (determined after giving effect to the proviso immediately after clause (d) of the definition thereof (to the extent applicable), but without regard to the proviso to clause (b)(ii) of such definition).

 

Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Period” means, with respect to a Make-Whole Fundamental Change, the period from, and including, the effective date of such Make-Whole Fundamental Change to, and including, the thirty fifth (35th) Trading Day after such effective date (or, if such Make-Whole Fundamental Change also constitutes a Fundamental Change (other than an Exempted Fundamental Change), to, and including, the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Date).

 

Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Price” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(h)(i).

 

Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price” has the following meaning for any Make-Whole Fundamental Change: (a) if the holders of Common Stock receive only cash in consideration for their shares of Common Stock in such Make-Whole Fundamental Change and such Make-Whole Fundamental Change is pursuant to clause (b) of the definition of “Fundamental Change,” then the Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price is the amount of cash paid per share of Common Stock in such Make-Whole Fundamental Change; and (b) in all other cases, the Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price is the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for the five (5) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the effective date of such Make-Whole Fundamental Change.

 

Market Disruption Event” means, with respect to any date, the occurrence or existence, during the one-half hour period ending at the scheduled close of trading on such date on the principal U.S. national or regional securities exchange or other market on which the Common Stock is listed for trading or trades, of any material suspension or limitation imposed on trading (by reason of movements in price exceeding limits permitted by the relevant exchange or otherwise) in the Common Stock or in any options contracts or futures contracts relating to the Common Stock.

 

Number of Reserved Shares” means, as of any time, the number of shares of Common Stock that, at such time, the Company has reserved (out of its authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock that are not reserved for other purposes) for delivery upon conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

Officer” means the Chairman of the Board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Chief Operating Officer, the Chief Financial Officer, the Treasurer, any Assistant Treasurer, the Controller, the Secretary or any Vice-President of the Company.

 

Open of Business” means 9:00 a.m., New York City time.

 

 - 12 - 

 

 

Optional Repurchase” means the repurchase of any Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to Section 9.

 

Optional Repurchase Cash Amount” means, at any time, the Optional Repurchase Price multiplied by 20.0%.

 

Optional Repurchase Date” means the date fixed, pursuant to Section 9(d), for the settlement of the repurchase of the Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to an Optional Repurchase.

 

Optional Repurchase Notice” means a notice (including a notice substantially in the form of the “Optional Repurchase Notice” set forth in Exhibit A) containing the information, or otherwise complying with the requirements, set forth in Section 9(f)(i) and Section 9(f)(ii).

 

Optional Repurchase Payment Failure” has the meaning set forth in Section 9(h).

 

Optional Repurchase Price” means the consideration payable by the Company to repurchase any share of Convertible Preferred Stock upon its Optional Repurchase, calculated pursuant to Section 9(e).

 

Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount” means (i) the Optional Repurchase Price minus (ii) the Optional Repurchase Cash Amount.

 

Optional Repurchase Right” has the meaning set forth in Section 9(a).

 

Ownership Limitation” means in respect of any conversion, redemption or repurchase of the Convertible Preferred Stock, the restriction on issuance or delivery of Common Stock in respect of such conversion, redemption or repurchase, to the extent such issuance or delivery would result in any Holder, or a “person” or “group” (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) of the Exchange Act) that includes such Holder, after giving effect to any shares of Common Stock issued pursuant to any concurrent exercise of the Warrants by such Holder, person or group, beneficially owning in excess of nineteen and nine-tenths percent (19.9%) of the then-outstanding aggregate shares of Common Stock and Class B Common Stock.

 

Parity Stock” means Dividend Parity Stock and Liquidation Parity Stock.

 

Paying Agent” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(f)(i).

 

Payment Failure” means any of a Redemption Payment Failure, a Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure, an Optional Repurchase Payment Failure or a Conversion Consideration Payment Failure.

 

Permitted Acquisition” has the meaning given to it in the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date).

 

Person” or “person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, association, joint-stock company, trust, unincorporated organization or government or other agency or political subdivision thereof. Any division or series of a limited liability company, limited partnership or trust will constitute a separate “person” under this Certificate of Designations.

 

 - 13 - 

 

 

Physical Certificate” means any certificate (other than a Global Certificate) representing any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock, which certificate is substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit A, registered in the name of the Holder of such share(s) and duly executed by the Company and countersigned by the Transfer Agent.

 

Put Trigger Date” means the date that is six (6) years after the Initial Issue Date (or, if such date is not a Business Day, the next Business Day).

 

Record Date” means, with respect to any dividend or distribution on, or issuance to holders of, Convertible Preferred Stock or Common Stock, the date fixed (whether by law, contract or the Board of Directors or otherwise) to determine the Holders or the holders of Common Stock, as applicable, that are entitled to such dividend, distribution or issuance.

 

Redemption” means the repurchase of any Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to Section 7.

 

Redemption Cash Amount” means, at any time, the Redemption Price multiplied by 90.0%.

 

Redemption Date” means the date fixed, pursuant to Section 7(f), for the settlement of the repurchase of the Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to a Redemption.

 

Redemption Notice” has the meaning set forth in Section 7(i).

 

Redemption Notice Date” means, with respect to a Redemption of the Convertible Preferred Stock, the date on which the Company sends the related Redemption Notice pursuant to Section 7(i).

 

Redemption Price” means the consideration payable by the Company to repurchase any Convertible Preferred Stock upon its Redemption, calculated pursuant to Section 7(g).

 

Redemption Remaining Amount” means (i) the Redemption Price minus (ii) the Redemption Cash Amount.

 

Redemption Conditional Trigger Date” means the date that is four (4) years after the Initial Issue Date (or, if such date is not a Business Day, the next Business Day).

 

Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date” means the date that is seven (7) years after the Initial Issue Date (or, if such date is not a Business Day, the next Business Day).

 

Reference Property” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(j)(i).

 

Reference Property Unit” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(j)(i).

 

 - 14 - 

 

 

Register” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(f)(ii).

 

Registrar” has the meaning set forth in Section 3(f)(i).

 

Registration Rights Agreement” means that certain Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of [DATE], [between][among] the Company, [__]3.

 

Regular Dividend Payment Date” means, with respect to any share of Convertible Preferred Stock, each [                ], [                ], [                ] and [                ] of each year, beginning on [first Regular Dividend Payment Date] (or beginning on such other date specified in the Certificate representing such share).

 

Regular Dividend Period” means each period from, and including, a Regular Dividend Payment Date (or, in the case of the first Regular Dividend Period, from, and including, the Initial Issue Date) to, but excluding, the next Regular Dividend Payment Date.

 

Regular Dividend Rate” means eleven and seventy-five hundredths percent (11.75%) per annum, subject to Section 8(b), Section 9(h) and Section 15(b).

 

Regular Dividend Rate Cap” means fifteen and seventy-five hundredths percent (15.75%) per annum.

 

Regular Dividend Record Date” has the following meaning: (a) [                ], in the case of a Regular Dividend Payment Date occurring on [                ]; (b) [                ], in the case of a Regular Dividend Payment Date occurring on [                ]; (c) [                ], in the case of a Regular Dividend Payment Date occurring on [                ]; and (d) [                ], in the case of a Regular Dividend Payment Date occurring on [                ].

 

Regular Dividends” has the meaning set forth in Section 5(a)(i).

 

Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change” means the repurchase of any Convertible Preferred Stock by the Company pursuant to Section 8.

 

Required Cash Amount” means the amount of cash required pursuant to each of Section 7(l)(i), Section 9(i)(i) and Section 11(i)(i), respectively.

 

Requisite Stockholder Approval” means the stockholder approval contemplated by NASDAQ Listing Standard Rule 5635(a) and/or NASDAQ Listing Standard Rule 5635(b) with respect to the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon (i) conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock, (ii) the settlement of any redemption or repurchase of the Convertible Preferred Stock and/or (iii) exercise of the Warrants, in each case, in excess of the limitations imposed by such rule; provided, however, that the Requisite Stockholder Approval will be deemed to be obtained if, due to any amendment or binding change in the interpretation of the applicable listing standards of The NASDAQ Global Market, such stockholder approval is no longer required for the Company to (i) settle all conversions of the Convertible Preferred Stock in shares of Common Stock without regard to Section 11(i), (ii) settle any and all Redemption Remaining Amount and/or Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount, in each case without regard to each of Section 7(l)(i) and Section 9(i)(i), respectively or (iii) settle all exercise of the Warrants in shares of Common Stock without regard to Section [2(j)] of the Warrants.

 

 

3 Insert investor entities.

 

 - 15 - 

 

 

Resale Registration Statement” has the meaning set forth in the Registration Rights Agreement.

 

Restricted Stock Legend” means a legend substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit B.

 

Rule 144” means Rule 144 under the Securities Act (or any successor rule thereto), as the same may be amended from time to time.

 

SEC” means the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Securities Act” means the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

Security” means any Convertible Preferred Stock or Conversion Share.

 

Senior Credit Agreement” means that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of March 31, 2020, by and among the Company, the guarantors party thereto, the lenders party thereto and PNC Bank, National Association, as administrative agent, including any notes, mortgages, guarantees, collateral documents, instruments and agreements executed in connection therewith, as amended (including, but not limited to, by the First Amendment, dated as of April 3, 2020, the Second Amendment, dated as of March 8, 2022 and the Third Amendment, dated as of December [ ], 2023), restated, supplemented, waived, renewed or otherwise modified from time to time, and (if designated by the Company) as replaced (whether or not upon termination, and whether with the original lenders or otherwise), restructured, repaid, refunded, refinanced or otherwise modified from time to time, including (if designated by the Company) any agreement or indenture or commercial paper facilities with banks or other institutional lenders or investors extending the maturity thereof, refinancing, replacing or otherwise restructuring all or any portion of the Indebtedness under such agreement or agreements or indenture or indentures or any successor or replacement agreement or agreements or indenture or indentures or increasing the amount loaned or issued thereunder permitted under Section 10(c)(i) or altering the maturity thereof or adding Subsidiaries as additional borrowers, issuers or guarantors thereunder and whether by the same or any other agent, lender or group of lenders, investors or group of investors.

 

Share Agent” means the Transfer Agent or any Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent.

 

Special Mandatory Redemption Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 7(m).

 

Special Mandatory Redemption Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 7(m).

 

Special Mandatory Redemption Notice Date” has the meaning set forth in Section 7(m).

 

Spin-Off” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(3)(B).

 

 - 16 - 

 

 

Spin-Off Valuation Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(3)(B).

 

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, (a) any corporation, association or other business entity (other than a partnership or limited liability company) of which more than 50% of the total voting power of the Capital Stock entitled (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency, but after giving effect to any voting agreement or stockholders’ agreement that effectively transfers voting power) to vote in the election of directors, managers or trustees, as applicable, of such corporation, association or other business entity is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of such Person; and (b) any partnership or limited liability company where (x) more than fifty percent (50%) of the capital accounts, distribution rights, equity and voting interests, or of the general and limited partnership interests, as applicable, of such partnership or limited liability company are owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such Person or one or more of the other Subsidiaries of such Person, whether in the form of membership, general, special or limited partnership or limited liability company interests or otherwise; and (y) such Person or any one or more of the other Subsidiaries of such Person is a controlling general partner of, or otherwise controls, such partnership or limited liability company.

 

Successor Person” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(j)(iii).

 

Target” means [POLESTAR].

 

Target Acquisition” means the acquisition by the Company of at least 90% of the outstanding shares of the Target pursuant to a public offer to the shareholders of Target to tender all shares in the Target at a price of SEK [●] per share (the “Tender Offer”) under the terms of the offering documents distributed to Target shareholders.

 

Tender/Exchange Offer Valuation Period” has the meaning set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(5).

 

Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio” means, on any date, the ratio of (i) Total Funded Debt of the Company and its Subsidiaries on such date, minus an amount equal to the lesser of (a) 100% of Unrestricted Domestic Cash as at such date, and (b) $75,000,000, to (ii) Consolidated EBITDA for the period of four consecutive quarters most recently ended for which financial statements have been delivered to the Holders pursuant to Section 6(b) of the Investment Agreement.

 

Total Funded Debt” means, without duplication, as of any date, consolidated Indebtedness of the Company and its Subsidiaries on such date, other than (i) obligations that constitute Indebtedness solely by reason of clause (iv) of the definition of “Indebtedness” and (ii) trade payables and accrued expenses constituting Indebtedness solely under clause (v) of the definition of “Indebtedness.”

 

Trading Day” means any day on which (a) trading in the Common Stock generally occurs on the principal U.S. national or regional securities exchange on which the Common Stock is then listed or, if the Common Stock is not then listed on a U.S. national or regional securities exchange, on the principal other market on which the Common Stock is then traded; and (b) there is no Market Disruption Event. If the Common Stock is not so listed or traded, then “Trading Day” means a Business Day.

 

 - 17 - 

 

 

Transfer Agent” means Equiniti Trust Company, LLC or its successor as provided in Section 3(f)(iii).

 

Transfer-Restricted Security” means any Security that constitutes a “restricted security” (as defined in Rule 144); provided, however, that such Security will cease to be a Transfer-Restricted Security upon the earliest to occur of the following events:

 

(a)            such Security is sold or otherwise transferred to a Person (other than the Company or an Affiliate of the Company) pursuant to a registration statement that was effective under the Securities Act at the time of such sale or transfer;

 

(b)            such Security is sold or otherwise transferred to a Person (other than the Company or an Affiliate of the Company) pursuant to an available exemption (including Rule 144) from the registration and prospectus-delivery requirements of, or in a transaction not subject to, the Securities Act and, immediately after such sale or transfer, such Security ceases to constitute a “restricted security” (as defined in Rule 144); and

 

(c)            (i) such Security is eligible for resale, by a Person that is not an Affiliate of the Company and that has not been an Affiliate of the Company during the immediately preceding three (3) months, pursuant to Rule 144 without any limitations thereunder as to volume, manner of sale, availability of current public information or notice; and (ii) the Company has received such certificates or other documentation or evidence as the Company may reasonably require to determine that the Holder, holder or beneficial owner of such Security is not, and that has not been during the immediately preceding three (3) months, an Affiliate of the Company.

 

Trigger Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 15(a).

 

Unrestricted Domestic Cash” means unrestricted cash and cash equivalents owned by the Company and its Subsidiaries and not controlled by or subject to any Lien in favor of any creditor (other than Liens created under the Senior Credit Agreement and Liens constituting normal and customary rights of setoff upon deposits of cash in favor of banks or other depository institutions holding such deposits, and Liens of a collection bank arising under Section 4-210 of the Uniform Commercial Code on items in the course of collection).

 

VWAP Market Disruption Event” means, with respect to any date, (a) the failure by the principal U.S. national or regional securities exchange on which the Common Stock is then listed, or, if the Common Stock is not then listed on a U.S. national or regional securities exchange, the principal other market on which the Common Stock is then traded, to open for trading during its regular trading session on such date; or (b) the occurrence or existence, for more than one half hour period in the aggregate, of any suspension or limitation imposed on trading (by reason of movements in price exceeding limits permitted by the relevant exchange or otherwise) in the Common Stock or in any options contracts or futures contracts relating to the Common Stock, and such suspension or limitation occurs or exists at any time before 1:00 p.m., New York City time, on such date.

 

VWAP Trading Day” means a day on which (a) there is no VWAP Market Disruption Event; and (b) trading in the Common Stock generally occurs on the principal U.S. national or regional securities exchange on which the Common Stock is then listed or, if the Common Stock is not then listed on a U.S. national or regional securities exchange, on the principal other market on which the Common Stock is then traded. If the Common Stock is not so listed or traded, then “VWAP Trading Day” means a Business Day.

 

 - 18 - 

 

 

Warrants” means warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock in the form attached as Exhibit C to the Investment Agreement.

 

Wholly Owned Subsidiary” of a Person means any Subsidiary of such Person all of the outstanding Capital Stock or other ownership interests of which (other than directors’ qualifying shares) are owned by such Person or one or more Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of such Person.

 

Section 2.     Rules of Construction. For purposes of this Certificate of Designations:

 

(a)            Generally. For purposes of this Certificate of Designations:

 

(i)            “or” is not exclusive;

 

(ii)           “including” means “including without limitation”;

 

(iii)          “will” expresses a command;

 

(iv)          the “average” of a set of numerical values refers to the arithmetic average of such numerical values;

 

(v)           a merger involving, or a transfer of assets by, a limited liability company, limited partnership or trust will be deemed to include any division of or by, or an allocation of assets to a series of, such limited liability company, limited partnership or trust, or any unwinding of any such division or allocation;

 

(vi)          words in the singular include the plural and in the plural include the singular, unless the context requires otherwise;

 

(vii)         “herein,” “hereof” and other words of similar import refer to this Certificate of Designations as a whole and not to any particular Section or other subdivision of this Certificate of Designations, unless the context requires otherwise;

 

(viii)        references to currency mean the lawful currency of the United States of America, unless the context requires otherwise; and

 

(ix)           the exhibits, schedules and other attachments to this Certificate of Designations are deemed to form part of this Certificate of Designations.

 

 - 19 - 

 

 

(b)            Accounting Principles; Changes in GAAP. Except as otherwise provided in this Certificate of Designations, all computations and determinations as to accounting or financial matters and all financial statements to be delivered pursuant to this Certificate of Designations shall be made and prepared in accordance with GAAP (including principles of consolidation where appropriate), and all accounting or financial terms shall have the meanings ascribed to such terms by GAAP; provided, however, that all accounting terms used in Section 10(c)(i) (and all defined terms used in the definition of any accounting term used in Section 10(c)(i)) shall have the meaning given to such terms (and defined terms) under GAAP as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date. Notwithstanding, the foregoing, leases and revenue recognition shall continue to be classified and accounted for on a basis consistent with that reflected in the Company’s historical financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018 for all purposes of this Certificate of Designations, notwithstanding any change in GAAP relating thereto occurring after December 31, 2018, unless the parties hereto shall enter into a mutually acceptable amendment addressing such changes.

 

(c)            Limited Condition Acquisitions. In connection with a Limited Condition Acquisition or any action being taken solely in connection with a Limited Condition Acquisition, for purposes of (i) determining compliance with any provision of this Certificate of Designations that requires calculation of the Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio or (ii) testing availability under baskets set forth in this Certificate of Designations, in each case, at the option of the Company (the Company’s election to exercise such option in connection with any Limited Condition Acquisition, an “LCA Election”), the date of determination of whether a Limited Condition Acquisition or any such action is permitted hereunder shall be deemed to be the date the definitive agreements for such Limited Condition Acquisition are entered into (the “LCA Test Date”), and if, after giving pro forma effect to the Limited Condition Acquisition (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the Consolidated EBITDA of or attributable to the target companies or assets associated with any such Limited Condition Acquisition to the extent provided in the definition of Consolidated EBITDA) and the other transactions to be entered into in connection therewith (including any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) as if they had occurred at the beginning of the most recent four consecutive fiscal quarters ending prior to the LCA Test Date for which financial statements have been delivered to the Holders pursuant to Section 6(b) of the Investment Agreement, the Company or the applicable Subsidiary could have taken such action on the relevant LCA Test Date in compliance with such ratio or basket, such ratio or basket shall be deemed to have been complied with. For the avoidance of doubt, if the Company has made an LCA Election and any of the ratios or baskets for which compliance was determined or tested as of the LCA Test Date are exceeded as a result of fluctuations in any such ratio or basket, at or prior to the consummation of the relevant transaction or action, such basket or ratio will not be deemed to have been exceeded as a result of such fluctuations solely for purposes of determining whether the relevant transaction or actions is permitted to be consummated or taken. If the Company has made an LCA Election for any Limited Condition Acquisition then, in connection with any subsequent calculation of the Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio, ratio or basket availability on or following the relevant LCA Test Date and prior to the earlier of the date on which such Limited Condition Acquisition is consummated or the definitive agreement for such Limited Condition Acquisition is terminated or expires without consummation of such Limited Condition Acquisition, any such Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio, ratio or basket availability shall be required to be satisfied both (x) on a pro forma basis assuming such Limited Condition Acquisition and other transactions in connection therewith (including any pro forma increase in Consolidated EBITDA resulting from such Limited Condition Acquisition, any incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) have been consummated, and (y) assuming such Limited Condition Acquisition and other transactions in connection therewith (including any such pro forma increase in Consolidated EBITDA, incurrence of Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof) have not been consummated. The Company shall provide such evidence of the Company’s pro forma compliance as shall be reasonably requested by the Majority Holders.

 

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Section 3.     The Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(a)            Designation; Par Value. A series of stock of the Company titled the “11.75% Series A Convertible Preferred Stock” (the “Convertible Preferred Stock”) is hereby designated and created out of the authorized and unissued shares of preferred stock of the Company. The par value of the Convertible Preferred Stock is $0.001 per share.

 

(b)            Number of Authorized Shares. The total authorized number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock is Five Hundred Thousand (500,000); provided, however that, by resolution of the Board of Directors, the total number of authorized shares of Convertible Preferred Stock may hereafter be reduced to a number that is not less than the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding.

 

(c)            Form, Dating and Denominations.

 

(i)             Form and Date of Certificates Representing Convertible Preferred Stock. Each Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock will (1) be substantially in the form set forth in Exhibit A; (2) bear the legends required by Section 3(g) and may bear notations, legends or endorsements required by law, stock exchange rule or usage or the Depositary; and (3) be dated as of the date it is countersigned by the Transfer Agent.

 

(ii)            Global Certificates; Physical Certificates. Except as otherwise provided in the applicable resolutions of the Board of Directors providing for the original issuance of any Convertible Preferred Stock, such Convertible Preferred Stock will be issued initially in the form of one or more Global Certificates. Global Certificates may be exchanged for Physical Certificates, and Physical Certificates may be exchanged for Global Certificates, only as provided in Section 3(h).

 

(iii)           [Reserved.]

 

(iv)           [Reserved.]

 

(v)            No Bearer Certificates; Denominations. The Convertible Preferred Stock will be issued only in registered form and only in whole numbers of shares.

 

(vi)            Registration Numbers. Each Certificate representing any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock will bear a unique registration number that is not affixed to any other Certificate representing any other outstanding share of Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(d)            Execution, Countersignature and Delivery.

 

(i)             Due Execution by the Company. At least two (2) duly authorized Officers will sign each Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock on behalf of the Company by manual or facsimile signature. The validity of any Convertible Preferred Stock will not be affected by the failure of any Officer whose signature is on any Certificate representing such Convertible Preferred Stock to hold, at the time such Certificate is countersigned by the Transfer Agent, the same or any other office at the Company.

 

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(ii)            Countersignature by Transfer Agent. No Convertible Preferred Stock will be valid until the Certificate representing it is countersigned by the Transfer Agent. Each Certificate will be deemed to be duly countersigned only when an authorized signatory of the Transfer Agent (or a duly appointed agent thereof) manually signs the countersignature block set forth in such Certificate.

 

(e)            Method of Payment; Delay When Payment Date is Not a Business Day.

 

(i)             Method of Payment.

 

(1)            Global Certificates. The Company will pay (or cause the Paying Agent to pay) all declared cash Regular Dividends (if any, solely to the extent applicable pursuant to Section 8(b) and Section 9(h)), any cash Conversion Consideration, or other cash amounts due on any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate by wire transfer of immediately available funds.

 

(2)            Physical Certificates. The Company will pay (or cause the Paying Agent to pay) all declared cash Regular Dividends (if any, solely to the extent applicable pursuant to Section 8(b) and Section 9(h)), any cash Conversion Consideration, or other cash amounts due on any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate as follows:

 

(A)            if the aggregate Liquidation Preference of the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Physical Certificate is at least five million dollars ($5,000,000) (or such lower amount as the Company may choose in its sole and absolute discretion) and the Holder of such Convertible Preferred Stock entitled to such cash Regular Dividend (if any, solely to the extent applicable pursuant to Section 8(b) and/or Section 9(h)) or such amount has delivered to the Paying Agent, no later than the time set forth in the next sentence, a written request to receive payment by wire transfer to an account of such Holder within the United States, by wire transfer of immediately available funds to such account; and

 

(B)            in all other cases, by check mailed to the address of such Holder set forth in the Register.

 

To be timely, such written request must be delivered no later than the Close of Business on the following date: (x) with respect to the payment of any declared cash Regular Dividend (if any, solely to the extent applicable pursuant to Section 8(b) and Section 9(h)) due on a Regular Dividend Payment Date for the Convertible Preferred Stock, the related Record Date; and (y) with respect to any other payment, the date that is fifteen (15) calendar days immediately before the date such payment is due; provided, however, that, with respect to any cash Conversion Consideration due to settle the conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock, or with respect to any Fundamental Change Repurchase Price or Optional Repurchase Price for the Convertible Preferred Stock, such written request may instead be included in the related Conversion Notice, Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice or Optional Repurchase Notice, as applicable, and, if the same is delivered in accordance with the requirements of this Certificate of Designations, then such written notice will be deemed to have been timely delivered for purposes of the preceding sentence.

 

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(ii)            Delay of Payment when Payment Date is Not a Business Day. If the due date for a cash payment on any Convertible Preferred Stock as provided in this Certificate of Designations is not a Business Day, then, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, such cash payment may be made on the immediately following Business Day and no interest, dividend or other amount will accrue or accumulate on such payment as a result of the related delay. Solely for purposes of the immediately preceding sentence, a day on which the applicable place of payment is authorized or required by law or executive order to close or be closed will be deemed not to be a “Business Day.”

 

(f)            Transfer Agent, Registrar, Paying Agent and Conversion Agent.

 

(i)            Generally. The Company will maintain (1) an office or agency in the continental United States where Convertible Preferred Stock may be presented for registration of transfer or for exchange (the “Registrar”); (2) an office or agency in the continental United States where Convertible Preferred Stock may be presented for payment (the “Paying Agent”); and (3) an office or agency in the continental United States where Convertible Preferred Stock may be presented for conversion (the “Conversion Agent”). If the Company fails to maintain a Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent, then the Transfer Agent will act as such. For the avoidance of doubt, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries may act as Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 3(f)(i) or in Section 3(f)(iii), each of the Transfer Agent, Registrar, Paying Agent and Conversion Agent with respect to any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate must at all times be a Person that is eligible to act in that capacity under the Depositary Procedures.

 

(ii)            Duties of the Registrar. The Company will cause the Registrar to keep a record (the “Register”) of the names and addresses of the Holders, the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock held by each Holder and the transfer, exchange, repurchase, Redemption and conversion of the Convertible Preferred Stock. Absent manifest error, the entries in the Register will be conclusive and the Company and the Transfer Agent may treat each Person whose name is recorded as a Holder in the Register as a Holder for all purposes. The Register will be in written form or in any form capable of being converted into written form reasonably promptly. The Registrar will provide a copy of the Register to any Holder upon its request as soon as reasonably practicable.

 

(iii)            Co-Agents; Company’s Right to Appoint Successor Transfer Agent, Registrar, Paying Agent and Conversion Agent. The Company may appoint one or more co-Registrars, co-Paying Agents and co-Conversion Agents, each of whom will be deemed to be a Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent, as applicable, under this Certificate of Designations. Subject to Section 3(f)(i), the Company may change the Transfer Agent or any Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent (including appointing itself or any of its Subsidiaries to act as a Registrar, Paying Agent or Conversion Agent) without notice to any Holder; provided, however, that the Company will not remove a Person acting as Transfer Agent under this Certificate of Designations until and unless a successor has been appointed and has accepted such appointment. Upon the request of any Holder, the Company will notify such Holder of the name and address of each Share Agent or co-Share Agent.

 

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(iv)           Initial Appointments. The Company appoints the Transfer Agent as the initial Paying Agent, the initial Registrar and the initial Conversion Agent.

 

(g)            Legends.

 

(i)             Global Certificate Legend. Each Global Certificate will bear the Global Certificate Legend (or any similar legend, not inconsistent with this Certificate of Designations, required by the Depositary for such Global Certificate).

 

(ii)            Restricted Stock Legend. Subject to Section 3(j),

 

(1)            each Certificate representing any share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is a Transfer-Restricted Security will bear the Restricted Stock Legend; and

 

(2)            if any share of Convertible Preferred Stock (such share being referred to as the “new share” for purposes of this Section 3(g)(ii)(2)) is issued in exchange for, or in substitution of, any other share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock, or to effect a partial conversion of less than all of the share of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any Certificate (such other share(s) or converted share(s), as applicable, being referred to as the “old share(s)” for purposes of this Section 3(g)(ii)(2)), including pursuant to Section 3(h)(ii), 3(h)(iii), 3(i) or 3(l), then the Certificate representing such new share will bear the Restricted Stock Legend if the Certificate representing such old share(s) bore the Restricted Stock Legend at the time of such exchange or substitution, or on the related Conversion Date with respect to such conversion, as applicable; provided, however, that the Certificate representing such new share need not bear the Restricted Stock Legend if such new share does not constitute a Transfer-Restricted Security immediately after such exchange or substitution, or as of such Conversion Date, as applicable.

 

(iii)           Other Legends. The Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock may bear any other legend or text, not inconsistent with this Certificate of Designations, as may be required by applicable law or by any securities exchange or automated quotation system on which such Convertible Preferred Stock is traded or quoted or as may be otherwise reasonably determined by the Company to be appropriate.

 

(iv)           Acknowledgement and Agreement by the Holders. A Holder’s acceptance of any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Certificate bearing any legend required by this Section 3(g) will constitute such Holder’s acknowledgement of, and agreement to comply with, the restrictions set forth in such legend.

 

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(v)            Legends on Conversion Shares.

 

(1)            Each Conversion Share will bear a legend substantially to the same effect as the Restricted Stock Legend if the Convertible Preferred Stock upon the conversion of which such Conversion Share was issued was (or would have been had it not been converted) a Transfer-Restricted Security at the time such Conversion Share was issued; provided, however, that such Conversion Share need not bear such a legend if the Company determines, in its reasonable discretion, that such Conversion Share need not bear such a legend.

 

(2)            Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 3(g)(v)(1), a Conversion Share need not bear a legend pursuant to Section 3(g)(v)(1) if such Conversion Share is issued in an uncertificated form that does not permit affixing legends thereto, provided the Company takes measures (including, if applicable, the assignment thereto of a “restricted” CUSIP number) that it reasonably deems appropriate to enforce the transfer restrictions referred to in such legend.

 

(h)            Transfers and Exchanges; Transfer Taxes; Certain Transfer Restrictions.

 

(i)            Provisions Applicable to All Transfers and Exchanges.

 

(1)            Generally. Subject to this Section 3(h) and to any restrictions and conditions set forth in Section [6(c)] of the Investment Agreement, Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate, and beneficial interests in Global Certificates representing any Convertible Preferred Stock, may be transferred or exchanged from time to time and the Company will cause the Registrar to record each such transfer or exchange in the Register.

 

(2)            No Services Charge; Transfer Taxes. The Company and the Share Agents will not impose any service charge on any Holder for any transfer, exchange or conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock, but the Company, the Transfer Agent, the Registrar and the Conversion Agent may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any transfer tax or similar governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with any transfer, exchange or conversion of Convertible Preferred Stock, other than exchanges pursuant to Section 3(i) or Section 3(r) not involving any transfer.

 

(3)            No Transfers or Exchanges of Fractional Shares. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, all transfers or exchanges of Convertible Preferred Stock must be in an amount representing a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, and no fractional share of Convertible Preferred Stock may be transferred or exchanged.

 

(4)            Legends. Each Certificate representing any share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is issued upon transfer of, or in exchange for, another share of Convertible Preferred Stock will bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g) and by Section 6(g) of the Investment Agreement.

 

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(5)            Settlement of Transfers and Exchanges. Upon satisfaction of the requirements of this Certificate of Designations to effect a transfer or exchange of any Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company will cause such transfer or exchange to be effected as soon as reasonably practicable but in no event later than the second (2nd) Business Day after the date of such satisfaction.

 

(6)            Exchanges to Remove Transfer Restrictions. For the avoidance of doubt, and subject to the terms of this Certificate of Designations, as used in this Section 3(h), an “exchange” of a Certificate includes (x) an exchange effected for the sole purpose of removing any Restricted Stock Legend affixed to such Certificate; and (y) if such Certificate is identified by a “restricted” CUSIP number, an exchange effected for the sole purpose of causing such Certificate to be identified by an “unrestricted” CUSIP number.

 

(ii)            Transfers and Exchanges of Convertible Preferred Stock Represented by Global Certificates.

 

(1)            Subject to the immediately following sentence, no Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate may be transferred or exchanged in whole except (x) by the Depositary to a nominee of the Depositary; (y) by a nominee of the Depositary to the Depositary or to another nominee of the Depositary; or (z) by the Depositary or any such nominee to a successor Depositary or a nominee of such successor Depositary. No Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate may be transferred to, or exchanged for, Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more Physical Certificates; provided, however, that a Global Certificate will be exchanged, pursuant to customary procedures, for one or more Physical Certificates if:

 

(A)           (x) the Depositary notifies the Company or the Transfer Agent that the Depositary is unwilling or unable to continue as Depositary for such Global Certificate or (y) the Depositary ceases to be a “clearing agency” registered under Section 17A of the Exchange Act and, in each case, the Company fails to appoint a successor Depositary within ninety (90) days of such notice or cessation; or

 

(B)            the Company, in its sole discretion, permits the exchange of any beneficial interest in such Global Certificate for Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more Physical Certificates at the request of the owner of such beneficial interest.

 

(2)            Upon satisfaction of the requirements of this Certificate of Designations to effect a transfer or exchange of any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate:

 

(A)           the Company will cause the Transfer Agent or Registrar to reflect any resulting decrease of the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate by notation on the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Certificate” forming part of such Global Certificate (and, if such notation results in such Global Certificate representing zero shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, then the Company may (but is not required to) instruct the Transfer Agent to cancel such Global Certificate pursuant to Section 3(n));

 

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(B)            if required to effect such transfer or exchange, then the Company will cause the Transfer Agent or Registrar to reflect any resulting increase of the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any other Global Certificate by notation on the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Certificate” forming part of such other Global Certificate;

 

(C)            if required to effect such transfer or exchange, then the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), a new Global Certificate bearing each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g); and

 

(D)            if the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate, or any beneficial interest therein, is to be exchanged for Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more Physical Certificates, then the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Physical Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate that are to be so exchanged; (y) are registered in such name(s) as the Depositary specifies (or as otherwise determined pursuant to customary procedures); and (z) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g).

 

(3)            Each transfer or exchange of a beneficial interest in any Global Certificate will be made in accordance with the Depositary Procedures.

 

(iii)           Transfers and Exchanges of Convertible Preferred Stock Represented by Physical Certificates.

 

(1)            Subject to this Section 3(h), a Holder of any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate may (x) transfer any whole number of shares of such Convertible Preferred Stock to one or more other Person(s); (y) exchange any whole number of shares of such Convertible Preferred Stock for an equal number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more other Physical Certificates; and (z) if then permitted by the Depositary Procedures, and subject to the last sentence of Section 3(c)(ii), transfer any whole number of shares of such Convertible Preferred Stock in exchange for a beneficial interest in the same number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more Global Certificates; provided, however, that, to effect any such transfer or exchange, such Holder must:

 

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(A)           surrender such Physical Certificate representing the Convertible Preferred Stock to be transferred or exchanged to the office of the Transfer Agent or the Registrar, together with any endorsements or transfer instruments reasonably required by the Company, the Transfer Agent or the Registrar; and

 

(B)            deliver such certificates, documentation or evidence as may be required pursuant to Section 3(h)(v).

 

(2)            Upon the satisfaction of the requirements of this Certificate of Designations to effect a transfer or exchange of any whole number of shares of a Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate (such Physical Certificate being referred to as the “old Physical Certificate” for purposes of this Section 3(h)(iii)(2)):

 

(A)           such old Physical Certificate will be promptly cancelled pursuant to Section 3(n);

 

(B)            if only part of the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such old Physical Certificate is to be so transferred or exchanged, then the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Physical Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such old Physical Certificate not to be so transferred or exchanged; (y) are registered in the name of such Holder; and (z) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g);

 

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(C)            in the case of a transfer:

 

(I)            to the Depositary or a nominee thereof that will hold its interest in the shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be so transferred in the form of one or more Global Certificates, the Company will cause the Transfer Agent or Registrar to reflect an increase in the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by one or more existing Global Certificates by notation on the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Certificate” forming part of such Global Certificate(s), which increase(s) are each in whole numbers of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and aggregate to the total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be so transferred, and which Global Certificate(s) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g); provided, however, that if such transfer cannot be so effected by notation on one or more existing Global Certificates (whether because no Global Certificates bearing each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g) then exist, because any such increase will result in any Global Certificate representing a number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock exceeding the maximum number permitted by the Depositary or otherwise), then the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Global Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are to be so transferred but that are not effected by notation as provided above; and (y) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g); and

 

(II)            to a transferee that will hold its interest in the shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be so transferred in the form of one or more Physical Certificates, the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Physical Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be so transferred; (y) are registered in the name of such transferee; and (z) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g); and

 

(D)            in the case of an exchange, the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Physical Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be so exchanged; (y) are registered in the name of the Person to whom such old Physical Certificate was registered; and (z) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g).

 

(iv)            Reserved.

 

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(v)            Requirement to Deliver Documentation and Other Evidence. If a Holder of any Convertible Preferred Stock that is identified by a “restricted” CUSIP number or is a Transfer-Restricted Security, or that is represented by a Certificate that bears a Restricted Stock Legend, requests to:

 

(1)            cause such Convertible Preferred Stock to be identified by an “unrestricted” CUSIP number;

 

(2)            remove such Restricted Stock Legend; or

 

(3)            register the transfer of such Convertible Preferred Stock to the name of another Person,

 

then the Company, the Transfer Agent and the Registrar may refuse to effect such identification, removal or transfer, as applicable, unless there is delivered to the Company, the Transfer Agent and the Registrar such certificates or other documentation or evidence as the Company, the Transfer Agent and the Registrar may reasonably require to determine that such identification, removal or transfer, as applicable, complies with the Securities Act and other applicable securities laws; provided, however, that if such request is made in connection with transfer of such Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to a Resale Registration Statement that is effective under the Securities Act, then such certificates, or documentation or evidence will consist solely of a certificate in customary form providing that such Holder will effect such transfer pursuant to such Resale Registration Statement and will comply with any prospectus-delivery requirements under the Securities Act.

 

(vi)            Transfers of Shares Subject to Redemption, Repurchase or Conversion. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, the Company, the Transfer Agent and the Registrar will not be required to register the transfer of or exchange any share of Convertible Preferred Stock:

 

(1)            that has been surrendered for conversion;

 

(2)            as to which an Optional Repurchase Notice has been duly delivered pursuant to Section 9(f), except to the extent that the Company fails to pay the related Optional Repurchase Price when due; or

 

(3)            as to which a Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice has been duly delivered, and not withdrawn, pursuant to Section 8(f), except to the extent that the Company fails to pay the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Price when due.

 

(i)            Exchange and Cancellation of Convertible Preferred Stock to Be Converted or to Be Repurchased Pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption.

 

(i)            Partial Conversions of Physical Certificates and Partial Repurchases of Physical Certificates Pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption. If only a portion of a Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate (such Physical Certificate being referred to as the “old Physical Certificate” for purposes of this Section 3(i)(i)) is to be converted pursuant to Section 11 or repurchased pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption, then, as soon as reasonably practicable after such old Physical Certificate is surrendered for such conversion or repurchase, as applicable, the Company will cause such old Physical Certificate to be exchanged, pursuant and subject to Section 3(h)(iii), for (1) one or more Physical Certificates that each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such old Physical Certificate that are not to be so converted or repurchased, as applicable, and deliver such Physical Certificate(s) to such Holder; and (2) a Physical Certificate representing a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such old Physical Certificate that are to be so converted or repurchased, as applicable, which Physical Certificate will be converted or repurchased, as applicable, pursuant to the terms of this Certificate of Designations; provided, however, that the Physical Certificate referred to in this clause (2) need not be issued at any time after which such shares subject to such conversion or repurchase, as applicable, are deemed to cease to be outstanding pursuant to Section 3(p).

 

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(ii)            Cancellation of Convertible Preferred Stock that Is Converted and Convertible Preferred Stock that Is Repurchased Pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption.

 

(1)            Physical Certificates. If a Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate (or any portion thereof that has not theretofore been exchanged pursuant to Section 3(i)(i)) (such Physical Certificate being referred to as the “old Physical Certificate” for purposes of this Section 3(i)(ii)(1)) is to be converted pursuant to Section 11 or repurchased pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption, then, promptly after the later of the time such Convertible Preferred Stock is deemed to cease to be outstanding pursuant to Section 3(p) and the time such old Physical Certificate is surrendered for such conversion or repurchase, as applicable, (A) such old Physical Certificate will be cancelled pursuant to Section 3(n); and (B) in the case of a partial conversion or repurchase, the Company will issue, execute and deliver to such Holder, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), one or more Physical Certificates that (x) each represent a whole number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and, in the aggregate, represent a total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such old Physical Certificate that are not to be so converted or repurchased, as applicable; (y) are registered in the name of such Holder; and (z) bear each legend, if any, required by Section 3(g).

 

(2)            Global Certificates. If a Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Global Certificate (or any portion thereof) is to be converted pursuant to Section 11 or repurchased pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption, then, promptly after the time such Convertible Preferred Stock is deemed to cease to be outstanding pursuant to Section 3(p), the Company will cause the Transfer Agent or Registrar to reflect a decrease of the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate in an amount equal to the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate that are to be so converted or repurchased, as applicable, by notation on the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Certificate” forming part of such Global Certificate (and, if the number of shares represented by such Global Certificate is zero following such notation, cancel such Global Certificate pursuant to Section 3(n)).

 

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(j)            Removal of Transfer Restrictions. Without limiting the generality of any other provision of this Certificate of Designations, the Restricted Stock Legend affixed to any Certificate will be deemed, pursuant to this Section 3(j) and the footnote to such Restricted Stock Legend, to be removed therefrom upon the Company’s delivery to the Transfer Agent of notice, signed on behalf of the Company by one (1) of its Officers, to such effect. If such Certificate bears a “restricted” CUSIP or ISIN number at the time of such delivery, then, upon such delivery, such Certificate will be deemed, pursuant to this Section 3(j) and the footnotes to the CUSIP and ISIN numbers set forth on the face of such Certificate, to thereafter bear the “unrestricted” CUSIP and ISIN numbers identified in such footnotes; provided, however, that if such Certificate is a Global Certificate and the Depositary thereof requires a mandatory exchange or other procedure to cause such Global Certificate to be identified by “unrestricted” CUSIP and ISIN numbers in the facilities of such Depositary, then the Company will effect such exchange or procedure as soon as reasonably practicable.

 

(k)            Status of Retired Shares. Upon any share of Convertible Preferred Stock ceasing to be outstanding, such share will be deemed to be retired and to resume the status of an authorized and unissued share of preferred stock of the Company, and such share cannot thereafter be reissued as Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(l)            Replacement Certificates. If a Holder of any Convertible Preferred Stock claims that the Certificate(s) representing such Convertible Preferred Stock have been mutilated, lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken, then the Company will issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), a replacement Certificate representing such Convertible Preferred Stock upon surrender to the Company or the Transfer Agent of such mutilated Certificate, or upon delivery to the Company or the Transfer Agent of evidence of such loss, destruction or wrongful taking reasonably satisfactory to the Transfer Agent and the Company. In the case of a lost, destroyed or wrongfully taken Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company and the Transfer Agent may require the Holder thereof to provide such security or indemnity that is reasonably satisfactory to the Company and the Transfer Agent to protect the Company and the Transfer Agent from any loss that any of them may suffer if such Certificate is replaced.

 

Every replacement Certificate of Convertible Preferred Stock issued pursuant to this Section 3(l) will, upon such replacement, be deemed to represent outstanding Convertible Preferred Stock, entitled to all of the benefits of this Certificate of Designations equally and ratably with all other Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding.

 

(m)            Registered Holders; Certain Rights with Respect to Global Certificates. Only the Holder of any Convertible Preferred Stock will have rights under this Certificate of Designations as the owner of such Convertible Preferred Stock. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Depositary Participants, as such, will have no rights under this Certificate of Designations with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any Global Certificate held on their behalf by the Depositary or its nominee, or by the Transfer Agent as its custodian, and the Company and the Share Agents, and their respective agents, may treat the Depositary as the absolute owner of the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate for all purposes whatsoever; provided, however, that (i) the Holder of any Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any Global Certificate may grant proxies and otherwise authorize any Person, including Depositary Participants and Persons that hold interests in Convertible Preferred Stock through Depositary Participants, to take any action that such Holder is entitled to take with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by such Global Certificate under this Certificate of Designations; and (ii) the Company and the Share Agents, and their respective agents, may give effect to any written certification, proxy or other authorization furnished by the Depositary.

 

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(n)            Cancellation. Without limiting the generality of the last sentence of Section 3(q), the Company may at any time deliver Convertible Preferred Stock to the Transfer Agent for cancellation. The Registrar, the Paying Agent and the Conversion Agent will forward to the Transfer Agent each share of Convertible Preferred Stock duly surrendered to them for transfer, exchange, payment or conversion. The Company will cause the Transfer Agent to promptly cancel all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock so surrendered to it in accordance with its customary procedures.

 

(o)            Shares Held by the Company or its Subsidiaries. Without limiting the generality of Sections 3(p) and 3(q), in determining whether the Holders of the required number of outstanding shares of Convertible Preferred Stock have concurred in any direction, waiver or consent, shares of Convertible Preferred Stock owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries will be deemed not to be outstanding.

 

(p)            Outstanding Shares.

 

(i)            Generally. The shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are outstanding at any time will be deemed to be those shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that, at such time, have been duly executed by the Company and countersigned by the Transfer Agent, excluding those shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that have theretofore been (1) cancelled by the Transfer Agent or delivered to the Transfer Agent for cancellation in accordance with Section 3(n); (2) assigned a number of outstanding shares of zero by notation on the “Schedule of Exchanges of Interests in the Global Certificate” forming part of the Global Certificate representing such Convertible Preferred Stock; (3) paid or settled in full upon their conversion or upon their repurchase pursuant to an Optional Repurchase, a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change or a Redemption in accordance with this Certificate of Designations; or (4) deemed to cease to be outstanding to the extent provided in, and subject to, clause (ii), (iii), (iv), (v) or (vi) of this Section 3(p).

 

(ii)            Replaced Shares. If any Certificate representing any share of Convertible Preferred Stock is replaced pursuant to Section 3(l), then such share will cease to be outstanding at the time of such replacement, unless the Transfer Agent and the Company receive proof reasonably satisfactory to them that such share is held by a “bona fide purchaser” under applicable law.

 

(iii)            Shares to Be Repurchased Pursuant to a Redemption. If, on a Redemption Date, the Paying Agent holds consideration in kind and amount that is sufficient to pay the aggregate Redemption Price due on such date, then (unless there occurs a default in the payment of the Redemption Price) (1) the Convertible Preferred Stock to be redeemed on such date will be deemed, as of such date, to cease to be outstanding); and (2) the rights of the Holders of such Convertible Preferred Stock, as such, will terminate with respect to such Convertible Preferred Stock, other than the right to receive the Redemption Price as provided in Section 7.

 

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(iv)            Shares to Be Repurchased Pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change. If, on a Fundamental Change Repurchase Date, the Paying Agent holds consideration in kind and amount that is sufficient to pay the aggregate Fundamental Change Repurchase Price due on such date, then (unless there occurs a default in the payment of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price): (1) the Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased on such date will be deemed, as of such date, to cease to be outstanding; and (2) the rights of the Holders of such Convertible Preferred Stock, as such, will terminate with respect to such Convertible Preferred Stock, other than the right to receive the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price as provided in Section 8.

 

(v)            Shares to Be Repurchased Pursuant to an Optional Repurchase. If, on an Optional Repurchase Date, the Paying Agent holds consideration in kind and amount that is sufficient to pay the aggregate Optional Repurchase Price due on such date, then (unless there occurs a default in the payment of the Optional Repurchase Price): (1) the Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased on such date will be deemed, as of such date, to cease to be outstanding; and (2) the rights of the Holders of such Convertible Preferred Stock, as such, will terminate with respect to such Convertible Preferred Stock, other than the right to receive the Optional Repurchase Price as provided in Section 9.

 

(vi)            Shares to Be Converted. If any Convertible Preferred Stock is to be converted, then, at the Close of Business on the Conversion Date for such conversion (unless there occurs a default in the delivery of the Conversion Consideration due pursuant to Section 11 upon such conversion): (1) such Convertible Preferred Stock will be deemed to cease to be outstanding (without limiting the Company’s obligations pursuant to Section 5(d)); and (2) the rights of the Holders of such Convertible Preferred Stock, as such, will terminate with respect to such Convertible Preferred Stock, other than the right to receive such Conversion Consideration as provided in Section 11).

 

(q)            Repurchases by the Company and its Subsidiaries. Without limiting the generality of Section 3(n) and the next sentence, the Company may, from time to time, repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock in open market purchases or in negotiated transactions without delivering prior notice to Holders. The Company will promptly deliver to the Transfer Agent for cancellation all Convertible Preferred Stock that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have purchased or otherwise acquired.

 

(r)            Notations and Exchanges. Without limiting any rights of Holders pursuant to Section 10, if any amendment, supplement or waiver to the Certificate of Incorporation or this Certificate of Designations changes the terms of any Convertible Preferred Stock, then the Company may, in its discretion, require the Holder of the Certificate representing such Convertible Preferred Stock to deliver such Certificate to the Transfer Agent so that the Transfer Agent may place an appropriate notation prepared by the Company on such Certificate and return such Certificate to such Holder. Alternatively, at its discretion, the Company may, in exchange for such Convertible Preferred Stock, issue, execute and deliver, and cause the Transfer Agent to countersign, in each case in accordance with Section 3(d), a new Certificate representing such Convertible Preferred Stock that reflects the changed terms. The failure to make any appropriate notation or issue a new Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to this Section 3(r) will not impair or affect the validity of such amendment, supplement or waiver.

 

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(s)            CUSIP and ISIN Numbers. Subject to Section 3(j), the Company may use one or more CUSIP or ISIN numbers to identify any of the Convertible Preferred Stock, and, if so, the Company will use such CUSIP or ISIN number(s) in notices to Holders; provided, however, that the effectiveness of any such notice will not be affected by any defect in, or omission of, any such CUSIP or ISIN number.

 

Section 4.      Ranking. The Convertible Preferred Stock will rank (a) senior to (i) Dividend Junior Stock with respect to the payment of dividends; and (ii) Liquidation Junior Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up; (b) equally with (i) Dividend Parity Stock with respect to the payment of dividends; and (ii) Liquidation Parity Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up; and (c) junior to (i) Dividend Senior Stock with respect to the payment of dividends; and (ii) Liquidation Senior Stock with respect to the distribution of assets upon the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up.

 

Section 5.      Dividends.

 

(a)            Generally.

 

(i)            Accumulation and Payment of Regular Dividends. The Convertible Preferred Stock will accumulate cumulative dividends (calculated in accordance with Section 5(a)(ii)) at a rate per annum equal to the Regular Dividend Rate on the Liquidation Preference thereof, regardless of whether or not declared or funds are legally available for their payment (such dividends that accumulate on the Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to this sentence, “Regular Dividends”). Subject to the other provisions of this Section 5 (including, for the avoidance of doubt, Section 5(b)(i)), so long as Regular Dividends are required to be paid in cash pursuant to Section 8(b) or Section 9(h), such Regular Dividends will be payable when, as and if declared by the Board of Directors, out of funds legally available for their payment, quarterly in arrears on each Regular Dividend Payment Date, to the Holders as of the Close of Business on the immediately preceding Regular Dividend Record Date. Regular Dividends on the Convertible Preferred Stock will accumulate daily from, and including, the last date to which Regular Dividends have been paid (or, if no Regular Dividends have been paid, from, and including, the Initial Issue Date) to, but excluding, the next Regular Dividend Payment Date.

 

(ii)            Computation of Accumulated Regular Dividends. Accumulated Regular Dividends will be computed on the basis of a 360-day year comprised of twelve 30-day months. For each day on which Regular Dividends accumulate on any share of Convertible Preferred Stock, such Regular Dividends will accumulate on the Liquidation Preference of such share as of immediately after the Close of Business on such day.

 

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(iii)            Method of Payment; Payments in Kind.

 

(1)            Generally. Subject to Section 7(h), Section 8(b), Section 9(h) and Section 11(c), each accumulating Regular Dividend on the Convertible Preferred Stock will not be paid in cash but will be automatically added on each Regular Dividend Payment Date, without any action required by the Company, effective immediately before the Close of Business on the related Regular Dividend Payment Date, to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference of each share of Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding as of such time.

 

(2)            Construction. Any Regular Dividends the amount of which is added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference of the Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 5(a)(iii)(1) will be deemed to be “paid” on the Convertible Preferred Stock for all purposes of this Certificate of Designations.

 

(b)            [Reserved.]

 

(c)            Cessation of the Accrual of Regular Dividends Upon Redemption, Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change, Optional Repurchase or Conversion. For the avoidance of doubt, Regular Dividends on any share of Convertible Preferred Stock will cease to accumulate from and after the Redemption Date, Fundamental Change Repurchase Date, Optional Repurchase Date or Conversion Date, as applicable, for such share, unless the Company defaults in the payment of the related Redemption Price, Fundamental Change Repurchase Price, Optional Repurchase Price or Conversion Consideration, as applicable.

 

(d)            Treatment of Dividends Upon Redemption, Optional Repurchase or Conversion. If the Redemption Date, Optional Repurchase Date or Conversion Date of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock is after a Record Date for a Regular Dividend on the Convertible Preferred Stock and on or before the next Regular Dividend Payment Date, then the Holder of such share at the Close of Business on such Record Date will be entitled, notwithstanding the related Redemption, Optional Repurchase or conversion, as applicable, to receive, on or, at the Company’s election, before such Regular Dividend Payment Date, such Regular Dividend on such share, which amount shall be paid in cash to such Holder.

 

Section 6.      Rights Upon Liquidation, Dissolution or Winding Up.

 

(a)            Generally. If the Company liquidates, dissolves or winds up, whether voluntarily or involuntarily, then, subject to the rights of any of the Company’s creditors or holders of any outstanding Liquidation Senior Stock, each share of Convertible Preferred Stock will entitle the Holder thereof to receive payment for the greater of the amounts set forth in clause (i) and (ii) below out of the Company’s assets or funds legally available for distribution to the Company’s stockholders, before any such assets or funds are distributed to, or set aside for the benefit of, any Liquidation Junior Stock:

 

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(i)            the sum of:

 

(1)            the Liquidation Preference per share of Convertible Preferred Stock; and

 

(2)            all unpaid Regular Dividends that will have accumulated on such share to, but excluding, the date of such payment (but only to the extent such accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends are not included in such Liquidation Preference referred to in the preceding clause (1)); and

 

(ii)            the amount such Holder would have received in respect of the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable upon conversion of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock assuming the Conversion Date of such conversion occurs on the date of such payment (disregarding for such purpose the Ownership Limitation).

 

Upon payment of such amount in full on the outstanding Convertible Preferred Stock, Holders of the Convertible Preferred Stock will have no rights to the Company’s remaining assets or funds, if any. If such assets or funds are insufficient to fully pay such amount on all outstanding shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and the corresponding amounts payable in respect of all outstanding shares of Liquidation Parity Stock, if any, then, subject to the rights of any of the Company’s creditors or holders of any outstanding Liquidation Senior Stock, such assets or funds will be distributed ratably on the outstanding shares of Convertible Preferred Stock and Liquidation Parity Stock in proportion to the full respective distributions to which such shares would otherwise be entitled.

 

(b)            Certain Business Combination Transactions Deemed Not to Be a Liquidation. For purposes of Section 6(a), the Company’s consolidation or combination with, or merger with or into, or the sale, lease or other transfer of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets (other than a sale, lease or other transfer in connection with the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up) to, another Person will not, in itself, constitute the Company’s liquidation, dissolution or winding up, even if, in connection therewith, the Convertible Preferred Stock is converted into, or is exchanged for, or represents solely the right to receive, other securities, cash or other property, or any combination of the foregoing.

 

Section 7.      Right of the Company to Redeem the Convertible Preferred Stock

 

(a)            No Right to Redeem Before the Redemption Conditional Trigger Date. The Company may not redeem the Convertible Preferred Stock at its option at any time before the Redemption Conditional Trigger Date.

 

(b)            Right to Redeem the Convertible Preferred Stock. Subject to the terms of this Section 7, (A) on or after the Redemption Conditional Trigger Date but before the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date, the Company has the right, at its election, to redeem all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of the Convertible Preferred Stock, at any time and from time to time, on a Redemption Date, for a purchase price equal to the Redemption Price, but only if the Daily VWAP of Common Stock exceeds two hundred percent (200.0%) of the Conversion Price on (i) each of at least twenty (20) Trading Days (whether or not consecutive) during the thirty (30) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the Redemption Notice Date for such Redemption and (ii) each of three (3) Trading Days immediately preceding the Redemption Notice Date for such Redemption and (B) on or after the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date, the Company has the right, at its election, to redeem all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of the Convertible Preferred Stock, at any time and from time to time, on a Redemption Date, for a purchase price equal to the Redemption Price.

 

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(c)            Settlement Upon Redemption.

 

(i)Generally. Subject to the terms of Section 5(d) and this Section 7, the Company shall settle any Redemption of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock by (x) paying the Redemption Cash Amount in cash, and (y)  delivering shares of Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (I) the Redemption Remaining Amount; by (II)(A) ninety percent (90%), multiplied by (B) the arithmetic average of the trailing 10-Trading Day Daily VWAPs of Common Stock prior to the relevant Redemption Date, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 7(c)(ii).

 

(ii)Payment of Cash in Lieu of any Fractional Share of Common Stock. In lieu of delivering any fractional share of Common Stock otherwise due with respect to the Redemption Remaining Amount, the Company will, to the extent it is legally able to do so and permitted under the terms of its indebtedness for borrowed money, pay cash based on the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Common Stock on the Trading Day immediately before the Redemption Notice Date for such Redemption. In the event the Company cannot pay cash in lieu of a fractional share, it will instead round up to the nearest whole share for each Holder.

 

(d)            Redemption Prohibited in Certain Circumstances. The Company will not call for Redemption, or otherwise send a Redemption Notice in respect of the Redemption of, any Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to this Section 7 unless (i) the Company has sufficient funds legally available, is permitted under the terms of its indebtedness for borrowed money and is not subject to any other contractual limitation that would impede its ability, to fully pay the maximum aggregate Redemption Price that would be payable in respect of all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock called for Redemption; and (ii) the Common Stock Liquidity Conditions are satisfied with respect to such Redemption. The Company will not call for Redemption, or otherwise send a Redemption Notice in respect of the Redemption of, any Convertible Preferred Stock during the period from, and including, the date the Company has sent the Initial Fundamental Change Notice pursuant to Section 8(e) to, and including, the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Date. If at any time during the period from a Redemption Notice Date to the Related Redemption Date, the Company is required to send either the Initial Fundamental Change Notice or a Fundamental Change Notice pursuant to Section 8(e) or a Fundamental Change occurs, the Redemption Notice shall be automatically rescinded and the Company shall not consummate the related Redemption of any Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

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(e)            [Reserved.]

 

(f)            Redemption Date. The Redemption Date for any Redemption will be a Business Day of the Company’s choosing that is no more than sixty (60), nor less than thirty (30), calendar days after the Redemption Notice Date for such Redemption.

 

(g)            Redemption Price. The Redemption Price for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased upon a Redemption is an amount equal to the greater of (i) the sum of (1) the Liquidation Preference per share of Convertible Preferred Stock and (2) all unpaid Regular Dividends that will have accumulated on such share to, but excluding, the Redemption Date (but only to the extent such accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends are not included in such Liquidation Preference referred to in the preceding clause (1)) and (ii) the amount such Holder would have received in respect of the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable upon conversion of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock at the then current Conversion Price assuming the Conversion Date of such conversion occurs on the Redemption Date (disregarding for such purpose the Ownership Limitation).

 

(h)            Funds Legally Available for Payment of Redemption Price; Increase in Regular Dividend Rate; Covenant Not to Take Certain Actions.

 

(i)            Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 7, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to pay the Redemption Price of all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are otherwise to be redeemed pursuant to a Redemption, then the Company shall (1) pay the maximum amount of such Redemption Price that can be paid out of funds legally available for payment, which payment will be made pro rata to each Holder based on the total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock of such Holder that were otherwise to be redeemed pursuant to such Redemption, (2) cause all such shares as to which the Redemption Price was not paid to be returned to the Holder(s) thereof, and such shares will be deemed to remain outstanding and (3) purchase any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock not purchased because of the foregoing limitations at the applicable Redemption Price as soon as practicable after the Company is able to make such purchase out of sufficient funds legally available for the purchase of such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(ii)            The inability of the Company to make a purchase payment in respect of the Redemption Price of such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are otherwise to be redeemed pursuant to a Redemption for any reason shall not relieve the Company from its obligation to effect any required purchase when, as and if permitted by applicable law. If the Company fails to pay the Redemption Price in full when due in accordance with this Section 7 in respect of some or all of the shares or Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased pursuant to a Redemption (the “Redemption Payment Failure”), (1) the Regular Dividend Rate for all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that remain outstanding shall increase to (A) 13.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) for the first year after the occurrence of the applicable Redemption Payment Failure, (B) 14.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the first anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Redemption Payment Failure to, but excluding, the second anniversary of such occurrence and (C) 15.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the second anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Redemption Payment Failure to the third anniversary of such occurrence; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that in no event shall the Regular Dividend Rate, at any time, exceed the Regular Dividend Rate Cap, and (2) the Company shall declare and pay any Regular Dividends in cash on any Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case until the cure or waiver of such Redemption Payment Failure (whereupon any increased Regular Dividend Rate and requirement to pay Regular Dividends in cash pursuant to the foregoing shall no longer apply unless and until another Redemption Payment Failure shall occur); provided, however, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to fully pay such Regular Dividend on such Regular Dividend Payment Date, the amount of any such accumulated Regular Dividends that are not declared and paid in full in cash will be automatically added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference, from and after such Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case, for the period from and including the first Regular Dividend Payment Date (or the Initial Issue Date, as applicable) upon which the Company fails to pay the Redemption Price in full when due in accordance with this Section 7 through but not including the latest of the day upon which the Company pays the Redemption Price in full in accordance with this Section 7. The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain financing necessary to cure any Redemption Payment Failure, including through issuances of equity or incurrence of additional indebtedness on the then available terms, in each case, subject to Section 10(c).

 

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(iii)            Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity, including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to comply with its obligations under this Section 7.

 

(i)            Redemption Notice. To call any share of Convertible Preferred Stock for Redemption, the Company must send to the Holder of such share a notice of such Redemption (a “Redemption Notice”). Such Redemption Notice must state:

 

(i)            that such share has been called for Redemption, briefly describing the Company’s Redemption right under this Certificate of Designations;

 

(ii)            the Redemption Date for such Redemption;

 

(iii)            the Redemption Price per share of Convertible Preferred Stock;

 

(iv)            the Redemption Remaining Amount per share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be settled in Common Stock, if any;

 

(v)            the Redemption Cash Amount per share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be paid in cash;

 

(vi)            the name and address of the Transfer Agent and the Conversion Agent;

 

(vii)            that Convertible Preferred Stock called for Redemption may be converted at any time before the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately before the Redemption Date (or, if the Company fails to pay the Redemption Price due on such Redemption Date in full, at any time until such time as the Company pays such Redemption Price in full);

 

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(viii)            the Conversion Price in effect on the Redemption Notice Date for such Redemption; and

 

(ix)            the CUSIP and ISIN numbers, if any, of the Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(j)            Selection and Conversion of Convertible Preferred Stock Subject to Partial Redemption. If less than all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding are called for Redemption, then:

 

(i)            the shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be subject to such Redemption will be selected by the Company as follows: (x) in the case of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any Global Certificate, in accordance with the Depositary Procedures; and (y) in the case of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by any Physical Certificate, pro rata, by lot or by such other method the Company considers fair and appropriate; and

 

(ii)            if only a portion of the Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Certificate is called for Redemption and a portion of such Convertible Preferred Stock is converted, then the converted portion of such Certificate will be deemed (subject to the Depositary Procedures, in the case of a Global Certificate) to be from the portion of such Certificate that was called for Redemption.

 

(k)            Payment or Delivery of the Redemption Price. The Company will pay or deliver, as applicable, to the Holder thereof the Redemption Price due upon Redemption of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock on or before the applicable Redemption Date.

 

(l)            Restriction on Settlement in Shares.

 

(i)            Limitation on Certain Settlement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, unless and until the Requisite Stockholder Approval is obtained, the Company shall not settle any Redemption Remaining Amount in shares of Common Stock to the extent, and only to the extent, that such settlement would result in the Ownership Limitation and shall pay cash in lieu of delivering any shares of Common Stock otherwise deliverable in excess of such Ownership Limitations. For these purposes, beneficial ownership and calculations of percentage ownership will be determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. Any failure to pay cash pursuant to this Section 7(l) will be subject to the increase in the Regular Dividend Rate as described in Section 7(h)(ii).

 

(m)            Special Mandatory Redemption. If after the Initial Issue Date the Company has not consummated the Target Acquisition on or prior to 11:59 p.m. New York City time on the tenth (10th) Business Day following the Initial Issue Date, or if, on or prior to that date, the Company terminates the Tender Offer (each, a “Special Mandatory Redemption Event”), then the Company will promptly (but in no event later than two Business Days following such Special Mandatory Redemption Event) notify the Holders in writing of such event (such date of notification to such Holders, the “Special Mandatory Redemption Notice Date”), and on the third Business Day following the Special Mandatory Redemption Notice Date (the “Special Mandatory Redemption Date”), the Company shall redeem all, but not less than all, of the Convertible Preferred Stock in cash at a special mandatory redemption price equal to the Liquidation Preference per share, plus all unpaid Regular Dividends that will have accumulated thereon to, but excluding, the Special Mandatory Redemption Date (but only to the extent such accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends have not been added to the Liquidation Preference pursuant to Section 5(a)(iii)).

 

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Section 8.      Right of Holders to Require the Company to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock upon a Fundamental Change.

 

(a)            Fundamental Change Repurchase Right; Settlement of Fundamental Change Repurchase Price.

 

(i)            Subject to the other terms of this Section 8, if a Fundamental Change occurs, then each Holder may, at its election, either (i) effective as of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date, convert all or a portion of its shares of Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 11 at the Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Price, or (ii) require the Company to repurchase (the “Fundamental Change Repurchase Right”) all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of such Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock that have not been converted pursuant to clause (i) on the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date for such Fundamental Change for a cash purchase price equal to the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price.

 

(ii)            Subject to the terms of this Section 8, the Company shall settle any Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock by paying the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price fully in cash.

 

(b)            Funds Legally Available for Payment of Fundamental Change Repurchase Price; Increase in Regular Dividend Rate; Covenant Not to Take Certain Actions.

 

(i)            Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 8, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to pay the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price of all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are otherwise to be repurchased pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change, then the Company shall (1) pay the maximum amount of such Fundamental Change Repurchase Price that can be paid out of funds legally available for payment, which payment will be made pro rata to each Holder based on the total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock of such Holder that were otherwise to be repurchased pursuant to such Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change; (2) cause all such shares as to which the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price was not paid to be returned to the Holder(s) thereof, and such shares will be deemed to remain outstanding and (3) purchase any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock not purchased because of the foregoing limitations at the applicable Fundamental Change Repurchase Price as soon as practicable after the Company is able to make such purchase out of sufficient funds legally available for the purchase of such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

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(ii)            The inability of the Company (or its successor) to make a purchase payment in respect of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price of such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are otherwise to be repurchased pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change for any reason shall not relieve the Company (or its successor) from its obligation to effect any required purchase when, as and if permitted by applicable law. If the Company fails to pay the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price in full when due in accordance with this Section 8 in respect of some or all of the shares or Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased pursuant to the Fundamental Change Repurchase Right (the “Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure”), (1) the Regular Dividend Rate for all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that remain outstanding shall increase to (A) 13.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) for the first year after the occurrence of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure, (B) 14.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the first anniversary of the occurrence of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure to, but excluding, the second anniversary of such occurrence and (C) 15.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the second anniversary of the occurrence of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure to the third anniversary of such occurrence; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that in no event shall the Regular Dividend Rate, at any time, exceed the Regular Dividend Rate Cap, and (2) the Company shall declare and pay any Regular Dividends in cash on any Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case until the cure or waiver of such Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure (whereupon any increased Regular Dividend Rate and requirement to pay Regular Dividends in cash pursuant to the foregoing shall no longer apply unless and until another Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure shall occur); provided, however, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to fully pay such Regular Dividend on such Regular Dividend Payment Date, the amount of any such accumulated Regular Dividends that are not declared and paid in full in cash will be automatically added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference, from and after such Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case, for the period from and including the first Regular Dividend Payment Date (or the Initial Issue Date, as applicable) upon which the Company fails to pay the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price in full when due in accordance with this Section 8 through but not including the latest of the day upon which the Company pays the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price in full in accordance with this Section 8. The Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain financing necessary to cure any Fundamental Change Repurchase Payment Failure, including through issuances of equity or incurrence of additional indebtedness on the then available terms, in each case, subject to Section 10(c).

 

(iii)            The Company will not voluntarily take any action, or voluntarily engage in any transaction, that would result in a Fundamental Change unless the Company has or, in good faith believes that it will have, sufficient funds legally available to fully pay the maximum aggregate Fundamental Change Repurchase Price that would be payable in respect of such Fundamental Change on all shares of Convertible Preferred Stock then outstanding. In the event a Holder exercises a Fundamental Change Repurchase Right pursuant to this Section 8 at a time when the Company is restricted or prohibited (contractually or otherwise) from repurchasing some or all of the Convertible Preferred Stock subject to the Fundamental Change Repurchase Right, the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain the requisite consents to remove or obtain an exception or waiver to such restrictions or prohibition. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity, including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to comply with its obligations under this Section 8.

 

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(c)            Fundamental Change Repurchase Date. The Fundamental Change Repurchase Date for any Fundamental Change will be the effective date of such Fundamental Change; provided, however, if the Fundamental Change has already occurred as provided in the Initial Fundamental Change Notice described in (e) below, such Fundamental Change Repurchase Date will be second Business Day immediately following the Holder Fundamental Change Election.

 

(d)            Fundamental Change Repurchase Price. The Fundamental Change Repurchase Price for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change is an amount equal to the greater of (i) the sum of (1) the Liquidation Preference per share of Convertible Preferred Stock and (2) all unpaid Regular Dividends that will have accumulated on such share to, but excluding, the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date (assuming that such share of Convertible Preferred Stock remained outstanding through the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date and such Regular Dividends accumulated daily and were added to, and became part of, the Liquidation Preference of such share on each Regular Dividend Payment Date on or prior to the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date, and for the avoidance of doubt, including any unpaid Regular Dividends from the last Regular Dividend Payment Date immediately preceding the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date to, but excluding, the Redemption Unconditional Trigger Date) and (ii) the amount such Holder would have received in respect of the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable upon conversion of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock at the Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Price assuming the Conversion Date of such conversion occurs on the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date (disregarding for such purpose the Ownership Limitation).

 

(e)            Fundamental Change Notices.

 

(i)            Initial Notice. On or before the twentieth (20th) Business Day prior to the date on which the Company anticipates consummating a Fundamental Change (or, if later, promptly after the Company discovers that a Fundamental Change may occur), a written notice shall be sent by or on behalf of the Company to the Holders as they appear in the records of the Company, which notice shall contain the date on which the Fundamental Change is anticipated to be effected (or, if applicable, the date on which a Schedule TO or other schedule, form or report disclosing a Fundamental Change was filed) (the “Initial Fundamental Change Notice”). No later than second (2nd) Business Day prior to the date on which the Company anticipates consummating the Fundamental Change as set forth in the Initial Fundamental Change Notice (or, if the Fundamental Change has already occurred as provided in the Initial Fundamental Change Notice, promptly, but no later than the tenth (10th) Business Day following receipt thereof), any Holder that desires to exercise its rights pursuant to Section 8(a) shall notify (the “Holder Fundamental Change Election”) the Company in writing thereof and shall specify (x) whether such Holder is electing to exercise its rights pursuant to clause (i) or (ii) of Section 8(a) and (y) the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock subject thereto. For the avoidance of doubt, the rights and obligations of the Company and each Holder upon the occurrence of a Fundamental Change are conditional upon such Fundamental Change being consummated (or actually occurring) and in the event that a Fundamental Change for which a Holder is given the Initial Fundamental Change Notice is not consummated (or does not occur) within five (5) Business Days of the anticipated Fundamental Change effective date specified in the Initial Fundamental Change Notice, all actions taken under this Section 8, if any, shall be deemed rescinded and null and void and the Company shall return to each such Holder its shares of Convertible Preferred Stock (solely to the extent previously surrendered to the Company in connection with an anticipated Fundamental Change).

 

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(ii)            Final Notice. On or before the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately preceding the effective date of a Fundamental Change, the Company will send to each Holder a notice of such Fundamental Change (a “Fundamental Change Notice”). Such Fundamental Change Notice must state:

 

(1)            briefly, the events causing such Fundamental Change;

 

(2)            the effective date of such Fundamental Change;

 

(3)            the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date for such Fundamental Change;

 

(4)            the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price per share of Convertible Preferred Stock;

 

(5)            the name and address of the Transfer Agent and the Conversion Agent;

 

(6)            the Conversion Price in effect on the date of such Fundamental Change Notice and a description and quantification of any adjustments to the Conversion Price that may result from such Fundamental Change (including pursuant to Section 11(h));

 

(7)            that shares of Convertible Preferred Stock for which a Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice has been duly tendered and not duly withdrawn must be delivered to the Paying Agent for the Holder thereof to be entitled to receive the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price;

 

(8)            that shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are subject to a Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice that has been duly tendered may be converted only if such Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice is withdrawn in accordance with this Certificate of Designations; and

 

(9)            the CUSIP and ISIN numbers, if any, of the Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

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(f)            Procedures to Exercise the Fundamental Change Repurchase Right.

 

(i)            Delivery of Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice and Shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to Be Repurchased. To exercise its Fundamental Change Repurchase Right for any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock, the Holder thereof must deliver to the Paying Agent:

  

(1)            before the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately before the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Date (or such later time as may be required by law), a duly completed, written Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice with respect to such share(s); and

 

(2)            such share(s), duly endorsed for transfer (to the extent such share(s) are represented by one or more Physical Certificates) or by book-entry transfer (to the extent such share(s) are represented by one or more Global Certificates).

 

(ii)            Contents of Fundamental Change Repurchase Notices. Each Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice with respect to any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock must state:

 

(1)            if such share(s) are represented by one or more Physical Certificates, the certificate number(s) of such Physical Certificate(s);

 

(2)            the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased, which must be a whole number; and

 

(3)            that such Holder is exercising its Fundamental Change Repurchase Right with respect to such share(s);

 

provided, however, that if such share(s) are represented by one or more Global Certificates, then such Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice must comply with the Depositary Procedures (and any such Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice delivered in compliance with the Depositary Procedures will be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this Section 8(f)).

 

(iii)            Withdrawal of Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice. A Holder that has delivered a Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice with respect to any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock may withdraw such Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice by delivering a written notice of withdrawal to the Paying Agent at any time before the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately before the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Date. Such withdrawal notice must state:

 

(1)            if such share(s) are represented by one or more Physical Certificates, the certificate number(s) of such Physical Certificate(s);

 

(2)            the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be withdrawn, which must be a whole number; and

 

(3)            the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, if any, that remain subject to such Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice, which must be a whole number;

 

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provided, however, that if such share(s) are represented by one or more Global Certificates, then such withdrawal notice must comply with the Depositary Procedures (and any such withdrawal notice delivered in compliance with the Depositary Procedures will be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this Section 8(f)).

 

If any Holder delivers to the Paying Agent any such withdrawal notice withdrawing any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock from any Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice previously delivered to the Paying Agent, and such share(s) have been surrendered to the Paying Agent, then such share(s) will be returned to the Holder thereof (or, if applicable with respect to any Global Certificate, any instructions for book-entry transfer to the Company or the Paying Agent of the applicable beneficial interest in such Global Certificate will be cancelled in accordance with the Depositary Procedures).

 

(g)            Payment or Delivery of the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price. Subject to Section 8(b), the Company will cause the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price for each share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased pursuant to a Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change to be paid to the Holder thereof on or before the applicable Fundamental Change Repurchase Date.

 

(h)            Third Party May Conduct Repurchase Offer In Lieu of the Company. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 8, the Company will be deemed to satisfy its obligations under this Section 8 if (i) one or more third parties conduct and consummate any Repurchase Upon Fundamental Change and related offer to repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock otherwise required by this Section 8 in a manner that would have satisfied the requirements of this Section 8 if conducted directly by the Company; and (ii) an owner of a beneficial interest in any Global Certificate representing any Convertible Preferred Stock repurchased by such third party or parties will not receive a lesser amount (as a result of taxes, additional expenses or for any other reason) than such owner would have received had the Company repurchased such Convertible Preferred Stock.

 

(i)            No Requirement to Conduct an Offer to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock if the Fundamental Change Results in the Convertible Preferred Stock Becoming Convertible into an Amount of Cash Exceeding the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 8, the Company will not be required to send a Fundamental Change Notice pursuant to Section 8(e) (but, for the avoidance of doubt, will still be required to send an Initial Fundamental Change Notice), or offer to repurchase or repurchase any Convertible Preferred Stock pursuant to this Section 8, in connection with a Fundamental Change occurring pursuant to clause (b)(ii) (or pursuant to clause (a) that also constitutes a Fundamental Change occurring pursuant to clause (b)(ii)) of the definition thereof, if (i) such Fundamental Change constitutes a Common Stock Change Event whose Reference Property consists, entirely or in part, of cash in U.S. dollars; (ii) immediately after such Fundamental Change, the Convertible Preferred Stock becomes convertible, pursuant to Section 11(j)(i) and, if applicable, Section 11(h), into consideration that includes such cash in an amount per share of Convertible Preferred Stock that equals or exceeds the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price per share of Convertible Preferred Stock; and (iii) the Company timely sends the notice relating to such Common Stock Change Event required pursuant to Section 11(j)(iv) and includes, in such notice, the information set forth in clauses (1), (2), (6) and (9) of Section 8(e)(ii) and a statement that the Company is relying on this Section 8(i).

 

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(j)            Fundamental Change Agreements. The Company shall not enter into any agreement for a transaction constituting a Fundamental Change unless (1) such agreement provides for, and/or does not interfere with or prevent (as applicable), the exercise by the Holders of their Fundamental Change Repurchase Right in a manner that is consistent with, and gives effect to, this Section 8 and (2) the acquiring or surviving Person in such Fundamental Change, if relevant, represents and covenants, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Majority Holders, that at the closing of such Fundamental Change that such Person shall have sufficient funds (which may include, without limitation, cash and cash equivalents on the Company’s balance sheet, the proceeds of any debt or equity financing, available lines of credit or uncalled capital commitments) to consummate such Fundamental Change and pay the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price in respect of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that have not been converted into Common Stock prior to the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date pursuant to this Section 8 or Section 11, as applicable.

 

Section 9.      Right of Holders to Require the Company to Repurchase Convertible Preferred Stock on or After the Put Trigger Date .

 

(a)            Optional Repurchase Right. Subject to the other terms of this Section 9, each Holder will have the right (the “Optional Repurchase Right”) to require the Company to repurchase all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of such Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock on an Optional Repurchase Date (determined pursuant to Section 9(d)) occurring on or after the Put Trigger Date for a purchase price equal to the Optional Repurchase Price.

 

(b)            No Optional Repurchase Right in Certain Circumstances. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 9, (i) no Holder may exercise the Optional Repurchase Right, and the Company will not be required to offer or effect any Optional Repurchase, with respect to any Convertible Preferred Stock during the period from, and including, the date the Company has sent a Fundamental Change Notice pursuant to Section 8(e) to, and including, the related Fundamental Change Repurchase Date; and (ii) the Company will not be required to offer or effect any Optional Repurchase, and Holders will not have an Optional Repurchase Right, with respect to any Convertible Preferred Stock that has been called for Redemption.

 

(c)            Settlement Upon Optional Repurchase.

 

(i)Generally. Subject to the terms of this Section 9, the Company shall settle any Optional Repurchase of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock by (i) paying the Optional Repurchase Cash Amount in cash, and (ii) with respect to the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount, the Company shall have the right to settle such Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount by paying or delivering, as applicable and as provided in this Section 9(c)(i), at its election in its sole discretion, (x) shares of Common Stock, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 9(c)(ii), (y) cash or (z) a combination of cash and shares of Common Stock, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 9(c)(ii). Subject to Section 5(d) and Section 9(c)(ii), the consideration due upon settlement of the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount of each share of Convertible Preferred Stock will consist of (A) if the Company elects to settle such Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount solely in shares of Common Stock, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (I) the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount; by (II) the arithmetic average of the trailing 10-Trading Day Daily VWAPs of Common Stock prior to the relevant Optional Repurchase Date, (B) if the Company elects to settle such Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount solely in cash, cash in an amount equal to the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount, and (C) to the extent the Company elects to settle such Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount in a combination of shares of Common Stock and cash, any combination of the foregoing amounts calculated in good faith accordance with the preceding clauses (A) and (B).

 

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(ii)Payment of Cash in Lieu of any Fractional Share of Common Stock. To the extent the Company elects to settle any Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount in shares of Common Stock, in lieu of delivering any fractional share of Common Stock otherwise due therefore, the Company will, to the extent it is legally able to do so and permitted under the terms of its indebtedness for borrowed money, pay cash based on the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Common Stock on the Optional Repurchase Date. In the event the Company cannot pay cash in lieu of a fractional share, it will instead round up to the nearest whole share for each Holder.

 

(d)            Optional Repurchase Date. The Optional Repurchase Date for the Optional Repurchase of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock will be the first (1st) Business Day immediately after the date the Holder of such share has duly delivered the Optional Repurchase Notice relating to such share to the Paying Agent pursuant to Section 9(f). For the avoidance of doubt, an Optional Repurchase Notice may be delivered before the Put Trigger Date; provided that the Optional Repurchase Date shall be no earlier than the Put Trigger Date.

 

(e)           Optional Repurchase Price. The Optional Repurchase Price for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased upon an Optional Repurchase is an amount equal to the greater of (i) the sum of (1) the Liquidation Preference per share of Convertible Preferred Stock and (2) all unpaid Regular Dividends that will have accumulated on such share to, but excluding, the Optional Repurchase Date (but only to the extent such accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends are not included in such Liquidation Preference referred to in the preceding clause (1)) and (ii) the amount such Holder would have received in respect of the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable upon conversion of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock at the then current Conversion Price assuming the Conversion Date of such conversion occurs on the Optional Repurchase Date (disregarding for such purpose the Ownership Limitation).

 

(f)            Procedures to Exercise the Optional Repurchase Right.

 

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(i)            Delivery of Optional Repurchase Notice and Shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to Be Repurchased. To exercise its Optional Repurchase Right for any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock, the Holder thereof must deliver to the Paying Agent:

 

(1)            a duly completed, written Optional Repurchase Notice with respect to such share(s); and

 

(2)            such share(s), duly endorsed for transfer (to the extent such share(s) are represented by one or more Physical Certificates) or by book-entry transfer (to the extent such share(s) are represented by one or more Global Certificates);

 

(ii)            Contents of Optional Repurchase Notices. Each Optional Repurchase Notice with respect to any share(s) of Convertible Preferred Stock must state:

 

(1)            if such share(s) are represented by one or more Physical Certificates, the certificate number(s) of such Physical Certificate(s);

 

(2)            the number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased, which must be a whole number; and

 

(3)            that such Holder is exercising its Optional Repurchase Right with respect to such share(s);

 

provided, however, that if such share(s) are represented by one or more Global Certificates, then such Optional Repurchase Notice must comply with the Depositary Procedures (and any such Optional Repurchase Notice delivered in compliance with the Depositary Procedures will be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this Section 9(f)).

 

(iii)            Delivery of Optional Repurchase Notice Is Irrevocable. Once delivered in accordance with this Section 9(f), an Optional Repurchase Notice will be irrevocable, subject to Section 9(c) and Section 9(h).

 

(g)            Payment or Delivery of the Optional Repurchase Price. To the extent any portion of the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount is to be paid in shares of Common Stock, such shares shall be delivered on or before the later of (i) applicable Optional Repurchase Date and (ii) the date (x) the Physical Certificate representing such share is delivered to the Paying Agent (in the case such share is represented by a Physical Certificate) or (y) the Depositary Procedures relating to the repurchase, and the delivery to the Paying Agent, of such Holder’s beneficial interest in the Global Certificate representing such share to be repurchased are complied with (in the case such share is represented by a Global Certificate). The Optional Repurchase Cash Amount and any cash portion of the Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount, together with any cash interest that accrues pursuant to the proviso in this sentence, shall be paid on or before the 30th calendar day following the Optional Repurchase Date, provided that such cash amount shall accrue cash interest, at the then existing Regular Dividend Rate, from the Optional Repurchase Date to, but excluding, the date such cash amount and such accrued interest is paid in full to such Holder.

 

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(h)            Failure to Repurchase.

 

(i)            Solely to the extent the Company fails to pay the Optional Repurchase Price for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be repurchased by the dates specified in Section 9(g) above (the “Optional Repurchase Payment Failure”), (i) the Regular Dividend Rate for all such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that remain outstanding shall increase to (A) 13.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) for the first year after the occurrence of the applicable Optional Repurchase Payment Failure, (B) 14.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the first anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Optional Repurchase Payment Failure to, but excluding, the second anniversary of such occurrence and (C) 15.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the second anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Optional Repurchase Payment Failure to the third anniversary of such occurrence; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that in no event shall the Regular Dividend Rate, at any time, exceed the Regular Dividend Rate Cap, and (ii) the Company shall declare and pay any Regular Dividends in cash on any Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case until the cure or waiver of such Optional Repurchase Payment Failure (whereupon any increased Regular Dividend Rate and requirement to pay Regular Dividends in cash pursuant to the foregoing shall no longer apply unless and until another Optional Repurchase Payment Failure shall occur); provided, however, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to fully pay such Regular Dividend on such Regular Dividend Payment Date, the amount of any such accumulated Regular Dividends that are not declared and paid in full in cash will be automatically added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference, from and after such Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case, for the period from and including the first Regular Dividend Payment Date (or the Initial Issue Date, as applicable) upon which the Company fails to pay the Optional Repurchase Price in full when due in accordance with this Section 9 through but not including the latest of the day upon which the Company pays the Optional Repurchase Price in full in accordance with this Section 9. If an Optional Repurchase Payment Failure has occurred and is continuing with respect to any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, a Holder who exercised the Optional Repurchase Right with respect to such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that have not been repurchased and remain outstanding shall have the option, at any time, to rescind its Optional Repurchase Notice with respect to all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of such shares and if so rescinded, such applicable number of shares will not be repurchased and will remain outstanding and any Optional Repurchase Payment Failure with respect to those shares will cease to continue. If applicable, the Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain financing necessary to cure any Optional Repurchase Payment Failure, including through issuances of equity or incurrence of additional indebtedness on the then available terms, in each case, subject to Section 10(c)(i).

 

(ii)            In the event a Holder exercises the Optional Repurchase Right pursuant to this Section 9 at a time when the Company is restricted or prohibited (contractually or otherwise) from repurchasing some or all of the Convertible Preferred Stock subject to the Optional Repurchase Right, the Company will use its commercially reasonable efforts to obtain the requisite consents to remove or obtain an exception or waiver to such restrictions or prohibition. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity, including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company’s failure to comply with its obligations under this Section 9.

 

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(i)            Restriction on Settlement in Shares.

 

(i)            Limitation on Certain Settlement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, unless and until the Requisite Stockholder Approval is obtained, the Company shall not settle any Optional Repurchase Remaining Amount in shares of Common Stock to the extent, and only to the extent, that such settlement would result in the Ownership Limitation and shall pay cash in lieu of delivering any shares of Common Stock otherwise deliverable in excess of such Ownership Limitations. For these purposes, beneficial ownership and calculations of percentage ownership will be determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act. Any failure to pay cash pursuant to this Section 9(i) will be subject to the increase in the Regular Dividend Rate as described in Section 9(h)(i).

 

Section 10.      Voting and Governance Rights. The Convertible Preferred Stock will have no voting rights except as set forth in this Section 10 or as provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or required by the Delaware General Corporation Law.

 

(a)            [Reserved.].

 

(b)            Right to Designate General Preferred Stock Director.

 

(i)            Generally. From and after [the Initial Issue Date][the Antitrust Clearance Date], for so long as the Initial Holder beneficially owns (determined in accordance with Rule 13d-3 under the Exchange Act, but without regard to paragraph (d)(1) of such Rule) Convertible Preferred Stock and/or shares of Common Stock that represent in the aggregate and on an as converted basis, both at least (A) seventy-five percent (75%) of the shares of Common Stock underlying the Convertible Preferred Stock on an as converted basis as of the Initial Issue Date (without taking into account any reduction in such total shares of Convertible Preferred Stock as a result of any Redemption and (B) twenty percent (20%) of the shares of Common Stock underlying the Convertible Preferred Stock on an as converted basis as of the Initial Issue Date (the “General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition”), such Initial Holder will have the right, but not be required, to elect one (1) director (such director, the “General Preferred Stock Director”) to serve on the Board of Directors; provided, however, that (1) if the Company does not otherwise qualify as a “controlled company” under the rules of the relevant stock exchange, as a condition (such condition, the “Director Qualification Requirement”) to the election of any such General Preferred Stock Director, unless the Company otherwise consents, such person designated by the Initial Holder to be the General Preferred Stock Director must qualify as independent for purposes of the rule of any securities exchange or other trading facility on which any of the Company’s securities are then listed or qualified for trading; and (2) the Board of Directors will at no time include more than one (1) General Preferred Stock Director. The Company agrees to appoint to the Board of Directors as the initial General Preferred Stock Director effective as of [the Initial Issue Date][the Antitrust Clearance Date] Joseph Osnoss. The General Preferred Stock Director will be elected by a majority in interest of the Convertible Preferred Stock at each annual meeting of the Company’s stockholders, or action by written consent, for so long as the General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition is satisfied. The General Preferred Stock Director will hold office until the Company’s next annual meeting of stockholders or, if earlier, upon his or her death, resignation or removal or the lapsing of the General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition.

 

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(ii)            Removal and Vacancies of the General Preferred Stock Directors.

 

(1)            Removal. At any time, the General Preferred Stock Director may be removed either (A) with cause in accordance with applicable law; or (B) with or without cause by the affirmative vote of the Initial Holder.

 

(2)            Filling Vacancies. At all times when the General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition is satisfied, a vacancy in the office of the General Preferred Stock Director (other than vacancies before the initial election and designation of the General Preferred Stock Director) may be filled, subject to the Director Qualification Requirement (to the extent then applicable), by the affirmative vote of the Initial Holder.

 

(iii)            The Right to Call a Special Meeting to Elect the General Preferred Stock Director. At all times when the General Preferred Stock Director Designation Right Condition is satisfied, the Initial Holder will have the right to call a special meeting of stockholders for the election of the General Preferred Stock Director (including an election to fill any vacancy in the office of the General Preferred Stock Director). Such right may be exercised by written notice, executed by such Holder delivered to the Company at its principal executive offices (except that, in the case of any Global Certificate representing the Convertible Preferred Stock, such notice must instead comply with the applicable Depositary Procedures). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section 10(b)(iii), if the Company’s next annual or special meeting of stockholders is scheduled to occur within ninety (90) days after such right is exercised, and the Company is otherwise permitted to conduct such election at such next annual or special meeting, then such election will instead be included in the agenda for, and conducted at, such next annual or special meeting.

 

(iv)            Rights of the General Preferred Stock Director.

 

(1)            The General Preferred Stock Director shall have the right to attend (in person or telephonically, at his or her discretion) each meeting of the Board of Directors (and each committee and subcommittee thereof) and exercise all of the powers conferred to a director by the Certificate of Incorporation.

 

(2)            The General Preferred Stock Director shall be offered the opportunity, with respect to each executive committee of the Board of Directors (or similar body with a delegation of all or predominantly all of the Board of Directors’ powers and authority), if any, at the Initial Holder’s option, to sit on such committee of the Board of Directors. If a General Preferred Stock Director fails to satisfy the applicable qualifications under any applicable law or stock exchange listing standard to sit on such committee of the Board of Directors, then the Board of Directors shall offer such General Preferred Stock Director the opportunity to attend (but not vote at) the meetings of such committee as an observer.

 

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(3)            The General Preferred Stock Director shall be entitled to all information and notices provided to the members of the Board of Directors, including, without limitation, copies of all notices, reports, minutes, consents and other documents and materials (including any draft versions) at the same time and in the same manner as such information is provided to the Board of Directors. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Board of Directors shall establish a committee to consider (i) a proposed contract, transaction or other arrangement between any Holder, on the one hand, and the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the other hand, or (ii) the enforcement or waiver of the rights of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries under any agreement between any Holder, on the one hand, and the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, on the other hand, in each case, including any consideration of the Company’s rights or obligations with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock or any related agreements, then the General Preferred Stock Director may be excluded from participation in such committee meeting (and, regardless of whether a committee is established, any portion of a Board of Directors meeting at which such matters may be discussed by the full Board of Directors upon reasonable prior notice to the Initial Holder). The General Preferred Stock Director shall also be entitled to receive similar compensation, benefits, reimbursement (including of reasonable travel expenses), indemnification and insurance coverage for his or her service as director as the other non-employee directors of the Company. For so long as the Company maintains directors and officers liability insurance, the Company shall include the General Preferred Stock Director as an “insured” for all purposes under such insurance policy for so long as the General Preferred Stock Director is a director of the Company and for the same period as for other former directors of the Company when a General Preferred Stock Director ceases to be a director of the Company.

 

(v)            For so long as the General Preferred Stock Director is serving or participating on the Board of Directors, (i) the Company shall not implement or maintain any trading policy, equity ownership guidelines (including with respect to the use of Rule 10b5-1 plans and preclearance or notification to the Company of any trades in the Company’s securities) or similar guideline or policy with respect to the trading of securities of the Company that applies to the Initial Holder (including a policy that limits, prohibits, restricts Initial Holder from entering into any hedging or derivative arrangements), in each case other than with respect to the General Preferred Stock Director solely in his or her individual capacity, (ii) any share ownership requirement for the General Preferred Stock Director serving on the Board of Directors will be deemed satisfied by the securities owned by the Initial Holder and under no circumstances shall any of such policies, procedures, processes, codes, rules, standards and guidelines impose any restrictions on the Initial Holder’s transfers of securities pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Investment Agreement or otherwise and (iii) under no circumstances shall any policy, procedure, code, rule, standard or guideline applicable to the Board of Directors be violated by the General Preferred Stock Director (x) accepting an invitation to serve on a board of directors of another company or failing to notify an officer or director of the Company prior to doing so, or (y) receiving compensation from the Initial Holder, or (z) failing to offer his or her resignation from the Board of Directors except as otherwise expressly provided herein or as required by any majority voting policy adopted by the Board of Directors, and, in each case of (i), (ii) and (iii), it is agreed that any such policies in effect from time to time that purport to impose terms inconsistent with this Section 10(a)(b)(vi) shall not apply to the extent inconsistent with this Section 10(a)(b)(vi) (but shall otherwise be applicable to the General Preferred Stock Director).

 

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(c)            Voting and Consent Rights with Respect to Specified Matters.

 

(i)            Generally. Subject to the other provisions of this Section 10(c), while any Convertible Preferred Stock is outstanding, each following event will require, and cannot be effected (and shall be void ab initio and ultra vires) without, the affirmative vote or consent of the Majority Holders (and so long as any Payment Failure has occurred and is continuing, such consent of the Majority Holders shall be required at all times for actions taken at or after the occurrence of the applicable Payment Failure without regard to the exceptions to the consent requirement described in each of the clauses below; provided that (w) any incurrence of Indebtedness or issuance of Capital Stock, in each case, the full proceeds of which are used to repurchase or redeem the outstanding shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, (x) utilization of the revolving facility (including any commitments therefor) under the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date), (y) ordinary course arrangements with customers, suppliers, directors, officers, employees, agents and governmental authorities and (z) performing any existing agreements or arrangements not previously prohibited by the terms hereof shall continue to not require the consent of the Majority Holders):

 

(1)            the Company authorizing, issuing or creating, reclassifying existing securities into, or increasing the authorized number of shares of, any class or series of Dividend Parity Stock, Liquidation Parity Stock, Dividend Senior Stock or Liquidation Senior Stock;

 

(2)            any amendment, modification, repeal or waiver of any provision of the Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws or this Certificate of Designations that adversely affects the rights, preferences, privileges or powers of the Convertible Preferred Stock (other than an amendment, modification, repeal or waiver permitted by Section 10(c)(ii));

 

(3)            the Company’s consolidation or combination with, or merger with or into, another Person, or any binding or statutory share exchange or reclassification involving the Convertible Preferred Stock, in each case, unless:

 

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(A)            the Convertible Preferred Stock either (x) remains outstanding after such consolidation, combination, merger, share exchange or reclassification; or (y) is converted or reclassified into, or is exchanged for, or represents solely the right to receive, preference securities of the continuing, resulting or surviving Person of such consolidation, combination, merger, share exchange or reclassification, or the parent thereof;

 

(B)            the Convertible Preferred Stock that remains outstanding or such preference securities, as applicable, have rights, preferences and voting powers that, taken as a whole, are not materially less favorable (as determined by the Board of Directors in good faith) to the Holders or the holders thereof, as applicable, than the rights, preferences and voting powers, taken as a whole, of the Convertible Preferred Stock immediately before the consummation of such consolidation, combination, merger, share exchange or reclassification; and

 

(C)            the issuer of the Convertible Preferred Stock that remains outstanding or such preference securities, as applicable, is a corporation duly organized and existing under the laws of the United States of America, any State thereof or the District of Columbia that, if not the Company, will enter into a certificate of designations, an investment agreement and any other agreement reasonably satisfactory the Holders to ensure that the Convertible Preferred Stock that remains outstanding or such preference securities shall have the terms as nearly equivalent as the Convertible Preferred Stock immediately before the consummation of such consolidation, combination, merger, share exchange or reclassification;

 

provided, however, that each of the following will be deemed not to adversely affect the rights, preferences or voting powers of the Convertible Preferred Stock (or cause any of the rights, preferences or voting powers of any such preference securities to be “materially less favorable” for purposes of Section 10(c)(i)(3)(B)) and will not require any vote or consent pursuant to Section 10(c)(i)(1), 10(c)(i)(2) or 10(c)(i)(3):

 

(I)            any increase in the number of the authorized but unissued shares of the Company’s undesignated preferred stock;

 

(II)            the creation and issuance, or increase in the authorized or issued number, of any class or series of stock that constitutes both Dividend Junior Stock and Liquidation Junior Stock; and

 

(III)            the application of Section 11(j), including the execution and delivery of any supplemental instruments pursuant to Section 11(j)(iii) solely to give effect to such provision;

 

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(4)            the Company or its Subsidiaries creating, incurring, assuming or suffering to exist any Indebtedness for borrowed money; provided, however, that the foregoing limitation shall not apply to: (A) Indebtedness outstanding on the Initial Issue Date; (B) Indebtedness of the Target or its Subsidiaries assumed by the Company or its Subsidiaries in connection with the Target Acquisition; (C) any extension, refinancing, renewal or replacement of any Indebtedness not prohibited hereby, so long as (x) the principal amount of such Indebtedness is not increased thereby (other than by the amount of any premiums and accrued and unpaid interest with respect to the Indebtedness being extended, refinanced, renewed or replaced and reasonable fees and expenses relating to such extension, refinancing, renewal or replacement financing) and (y) such extension, refinancing, renewal or replacement does not impact the Company’s ability to perform its obligations under this Certificate of Designation or the related agreements in any material respect; (D) any Indebtedness the full proceeds of which are used to repurchase or redeem the outstanding shares of Convertible Preferred Stock; (E) Indebtedness represented by the revolving facility (including any commitments therefor) under the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date); or (F) any other Indebtedness so long as the Company’s Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio does not exceed 2.75 to 1.00 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to the incurrence of such Indebtedness and the use of proceeds thereof;

 

(5)            the Company or its Subsidiaries engaging in material lines of business that are substantially inconsistent from those lines of business conducted by the Company and its Subsidiaries on the Initial Issue Date or lines of business that are not reasonably similar, corollary, ancillary, incidental, synergistic, complementary or related to, or a reasonable extension, development or expansion of, the businesses conducted or proposed to be conducted by the Company and its Subsidiaries on the Initial Issue Date, in each case, as determined by the Company in good faith;

 

(6)            the Company increasing the authorized amount of, or issuing any additional shares of, the Convertible Preferred Stock;

 

(7)            the Company or any of its Subsidiaries purchasing or acquiring (whether by merger, consolidation or otherwise), all or substantially all of the equity interests in, any other Person or purchasing or acquiring (in one transaction or a series of transactions) any assets of any other Person constituting a business unit, or all or substantially all of the property or assets or business of another Person, individually or in the aggregate, in an amount in excess of $350.0 million (other than the Target);

 

(8)            the Company or any of its Subsidiaries selling, licensing or leasing to any Person, in a single transaction or series of related transactions, any of its properties, rights or assets for consideration, individually or in the aggregate, in excess of $350.0 million, except (A) dispositions of inventory and cash and cash equivalents and dispositions of obsolete, surplus or worn out assets or assets that are no longer used or useful in the conduct of the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (B) transfers among the Company and its Subsidiaries, (C) leases and subleases of real property owned by the Company or its Subsidiaries and leases of real property under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a tenant or a subtenant and voluntary terminations or surrenders of such leases or subleases, in each case in the ordinary course of business, (D) sales of real or personal property owned by the Company or its Subsidiaries in the ordinary course of business, (E) non-exclusive licenses of intellectual property granted in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, (F) dispositions arising from foreclosures, condemnations, eminent domain, seizure, nationalization or any similar action with respect to assets, and dispositions of property subject to casualty events or (G) the issuance of directors’ qualifying shares issued to foreign nationals to the extent required by applicable law;

 

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(9)            the Company or any of its Subsidiaries entering into, terminating or renewing any transaction with an Affiliate of the Company, other than (A) on terms no less favorable to the Company than would be obtained in an arms’ length transaction with a bona fide third party, as determined by the Board of Directors in its reasonable judgment, (B) in the ordinary course of business of the Company, pursuant to reasonable requirements of the business of the Company, in each case of (A) and (B), upon fair and reasonable terms that are approved by a majority of the disinterested directors then-serving on the Board, (C) transactions with Holders or (D) as permitted by Section 8.2.8 (Affiliate Transactions) of the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date);

 

(10)            any issuance or transfer of equity securities of any of the Company’s Subsidiaries (other than issuances or transfers to the Company or wholly-owned Subsidiaries of the Company), other than sales of equity securities of the Company’s Subsidiaries permitted under Section 10(c)(i)(8) or (14), or principally for the purpose of disposing of a business or portion thereof and not principally for the purpose of raising capital;

 

(11)            the Company declaring, paying or setting aside any dividend on, or making any distribution with respect to, any Junior Stock or Parity Stock, other than (A) a dividend or distribution payable solely in Junior Stock or cash in lieu of fractional shares, (B) dividends or other distributions with respect to the Convertible Preferred Stock, (C) the payment of any dividend or distribution within 60 days after the date of declaration thereof if at the date of declaration or notice such payment would have complied with the provisions hereof, (D) any dividend or distribution deemed to be made as a result of any action permitted Section 10(c)(i)(12) or (E) dividends or distributions in an aggregate amount not to exceed $50.0 million; provided that, with respect to this clause (E), the Company’s Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio does not exceed 2.75 to 1.00 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to any such dividend or distribution;

 

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(12)            the Company redeeming, purchasing or making a liquidation payment relating to any Junior Stock or Parity Stock, other than (A) purchases of Junior Stock pursuant to any employment contract, benefit plan or other similar arrangement approved by the Board with or for the benefit of current, future or former employees, officers, directors or consultants, (B) as a result of a reclassification of existing Junior Stock for or into other Junior Stock, (C) the consummation of any redemption within 60 days after the date of the giving of a redemption notice related thereto, if at the date of notice such payment would have complied with the provisions hereof, (D) any repurchase deemed to be made as a result of any action permitted by Section 10(c)(i)(11) or (E) any such redemption, purchase or payment so long as the Company’s Total Debt Net Leverage Ratio does not exceed 2.75 to 1.00 on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such redemption, purchase or payment;

 

(13)            filing a petition seeking relief under bankruptcy rearrangement, reorganization or other debtor relief laws of the United States or any state or any other competent jurisdiction for the Company or any of its material Subsidiaries; provided that the Board shall not be required in any event to violate its fiduciary duties, and any action taken in compliance with such fiduciary duties shall not be deemed a violation of the terms hereof; and

 

(14)            the Company or any of its Subsidiaries taking any actions prohibited by Section 8.2.4 (Loans and Advances) of the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date); provided that any applicable dollar baskets and threshold provided for in the Senior Credit Agreement shall be deemed to be adjusted to reflect a 25% cushion with such cushion to be added to the sum of the corresponding dollar baskets and thresholds in the Senior Credit Agreement as in effect on the Investment Agreement Date (giving effect to any amendments thereto entered into on or before the Investment Agreement Date but that are effective as of a later date); provided further that any action taken in compliance with any other provision of this Section 10(c)(i) will not be deemed to violate this clause (14);

 

provided that to the extent that the Company is not legally able, or permitted (contractually, by applicable law or otherwise), to comply with or perform any term, obligation, covenant or condition contained in this Section 10(c)(i), then provisions of Section 15 (including any conditions and restrictions thereunder) shall apply until such time that the Company complies with or performs such term, obligation, covenant or condition contained in this Section 10(c)(i).

 

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(ii)            Certain Amendments Permitted Without Consent. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 10(c)(i)(2), the Company may amend, modify or repeal any of the terms of the Convertible Preferred Stock without the vote or consent of any Holder to:

 

(1)            cure any ambiguity or correct any omission, defect or inconsistency in this Certificate of Designations or the Certificates representing the Convertible Preferred Stock, including the filing of a certificate of correction, or a corrected instrument, pursuant to Section 103(f) of the Delaware General Corporation Law in connection therewith; or

 

(2)            make any other change to the Certificate of Incorporation, this Certificate of Designations or the Certificates representing the Convertible Preferred Stock that does not, individually or in the aggregate with all other such changes, adversely affect the rights of any Holder (other than any Holders that have consented to such change), as such, in any respect.

 

(d)            Right to Vote with Holders of Common Stock on an As-Converted Basis. Subject to the other provisions of, and without limiting the other voting rights provided in, this Section 10, and except as provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or required by the Delaware General Corporation Law, the Holders will have the right, from and after [the Issue Date][the Antitrust Clearance Date], to vote together as a single class with the holders of the Common Stock on each matter submitted for a vote or consent by the holders of the Common Stock, and, for these purposes, (i) the Convertible Preferred Stock of each Holder will entitle such Holder to be treated as if such Holder were the holder of record, as of the record or other relevant date for such matter, of a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (determined in accordance with Section 11(e), including Section 11(e)(ii)) upon conversion of such Convertible Preferred Stock assuming such Convertible Preferred Stock were converted with a Conversion Date occurring on such record or other relevant date and converted solely into shares of Common Stock; and (ii) the Holders will be entitled to notice of all stockholder meetings or proposed actions by written consent in accordance with the Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws of the Company, and the Delaware General Corporation Law as if the Holders were holders of Common Stock. For the avoidance of doubt, (x) the voting rights set forth in this Section 10(d) will be limited or eliminated, as applicable, to the same extent to which the right to convert the Convertible Preferred Stock is limited or eliminated pursuant to Section 11(i) (other than Section 11(i)(iii)); and (y) the voting rights set forth in this Section 10(d) will not apply at any time before [the Issue Date][the Antitrust Clearance Date].

 

(e)            Procedures for Voting and Consents.

 

(i)            Rules and Procedures Governing Votes and Consents. If any vote or consent of the Holders will be held or solicited, including at a regular annual meeting or a special meeting of stockholders, then (1) the Board of Directors will adopt customary rules and procedures at its discretion to govern such vote or consent, subject to the other provisions of this Section 10; and (2) such rules and procedures may include fixing a record date to determine the Holders that are entitled to vote or provide consent, as applicable, rules governing the solicitation and use of proxies or written consents and customary procedures for the nomination and designation, by Holders, of General Preferred Stock Directors for election; provided, however, that with respect to any voting rights of the Holders pursuant to Section 10(d), such rules and procedures will be the same rules and procedures that apply to holders of the Common Stock with respect to the applicable matter referred to in Section 10(d). Without limiting the foregoing, the Persons calling any special meeting of stockholders pursuant to Section 10(b)(iii) will, at their election, be entitled to specify one or more General Preferred Stock Director nominees in the notice referred to in such section, if such special meeting is scheduled to include the election of any General Preferred Stock Director (including an election to fill any vacancy in the office of any General Preferred Stock Director).

 

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(ii)            Voting Power of the Convertible Preferred Stock. Each share of Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to one vote on each matter on which the Holders of the Convertible Preferred Stock are entitled to vote separately as a class and not together with the holders of any other class or series of stock.

 

(iii)            Voting Standard for the Election of General Preferred Stock Directors. At any meeting in which the Convertible Preferred Stock is entitled to elect any General Preferred Stock Director (including to fill any vacancy in the office of any General Preferred Stock Director), the presence, in person or by proxy, of Holders of Convertible Preferred Stock representing a majority of the outstanding voting power of the Convertible Preferred Stock will constitute a quorum for such matter. The affirmative vote of a majority of the outstanding voting power of the Convertible Preferred Stock so present at such a meeting at which a quorum is present will be sufficient to elect the General Preferred Stock Director.

 

(iv)            Written Consent in Lieu of Stockholder Meeting. A consent or affirmative vote of the Holders pursuant to Section 10(b) or Section 10(c) may be given or obtained either in writing without a meeting or in person or by proxy at a regular annual meeting or a special meeting of stockholders.

 

Section 11.      Conversion.

 

(a)            Generally. Subject to the provisions of this Section 11, each Holder may, at its option, convert such Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock into Conversion Consideration.

 

(b)            Conversion at the Option of the Holders.

 

(i)            Conversion Right; When Shares May Be Submitted for Conversion. Subject to Section 11(d)(ii)(4), Holders will have the right to convert all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of their shares of Convertible Preferred Stock at any time; provided, however, that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations,

 

(1)            if a Fundamental Change Repurchase Notice is validly delivered pursuant to Section 8(f)(i) with respect to any share of Convertible Preferred Stock, then such share may not be submitted for conversion after the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately before the Fundamental Change Repurchase Date, except to the extent (A) such share is not subject to such notice; (B) such notice is withdrawn in accordance with Section 8(f)(iii); or (C) the Company fails to pay the Fundamental Change Repurchase Price for such share in accordance with this Certificate of Designations;

 

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(2)            [Reserved.]

 

(3)            [Reserved.]

 

(4)            shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that are called for Redemption may not be submitted for conversion after the Close of Business on the Business Day immediately before the related Redemption Date (provided that if the Company fails to pay the Redemption Price due on such Redemption Date in full, such shares may be submitted for conversion at any time until such time as the Company pays such Redemption Price in full).

 

(ii)            Conversions of Fractional Shares Not Permitted. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, in no event will any Holder be entitled to convert a number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that is not a whole number.

 

(iii)            Contingent Conversion Notice. A Holder delivering a Conversion Notice hereunder may specify in such Conversion Notice that its election to effect such conversion is contingent upon the consummation of a Fundamental Change or a Make-Whole Fundamental Change, in which case such conversion shall not occur until such time as such Fundamental Change or such Make-Whole Fundamental Change, as applicable, has been consummated, and if such Fundamental Change or such Make-Whole Fundamental Change, as applicable, is terminated, cancelled or not otherwise consummated within five (5) Business Days of the anticipated effective date specified in the notice described in Section 11(h)(iii), such Conversion Notice shall be deemed to be withdrawn. For the avoidance of doubt, any such contingent conversion shall be deemed to occur during any related Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Period.

 

(c)            Failure to Satisfy Conversion Condition.

 

(i)            Solely to the extent the Company fails to satisfy a conversion of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock by the fifth (5th) Business Day after the applicable dates specified in Section 11(e) (the “Conversion Consideration Payment Failure”), (i) the Regular Dividend Rate for all such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that remain outstanding shall increase to (A) 13.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) for the first year after the occurrence of the applicable Conversion Consideration Payment Failure, (B) 14.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the first anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Conversion Consideration Payment Failure to, but excluding, the second anniversary of such occurrence and (C) 15.75% per annum (without duplication of the Default Rate) from the second anniversary of the occurrence of the applicable Conversion Consideration Payment Failure to the third anniversary of such occurrence ; provided, for the avoidance of doubt, that in no event shall the Regular Dividend Rate, at any time, exceed the Regular Dividend Rate Cap, and (ii) the Company shall declare and pay any Regular Dividends in cash on any Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case until the cure or waiver of such Conversion Consideration Payment Failure (whereupon any increased Regular Dividend Rate and requirement to pay Regular Dividends in cash pursuant to the foregoing shall no longer apply unless and until another Conversion Consideration Payment Failure shall occur); provided, however, if the Company does not have sufficient funds legally available to fully pay such Regular Dividend on such Regular Dividend Payment Date, the amount of any such accumulated Regular Dividends that are not declared and paid in full in cash will be automatically added to, and become part of, the Liquidation Preference, from and after such Regular Dividend Payment Date, in each case, for the period from and including the first Regular Dividend Payment Date (or the Initial Issue Date, as applicable) upon which the Company fails to deliver the Conversion Consideration in full when due in accordance with this Section 11 through but not including the latest of the day upon which the Company delivers in full such Conversion Consideration in accordance with this Section 11. If a Conversion Consideration Payment Failure has occurred and is continuing with respect to any shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, a Holder who exercised a conversion right with respect to such shares of Convertible Preferred Stock that have not been converted as required by this Section 11 and remain outstanding shall have the option, at any time, to revoke such conversion with respect to all, or any whole number of shares that is less than all, of such shares and if so revoked, such applicable number of shares will not be converted and will remain outstanding.

 

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(d)            Conversion Procedures.

 

(i)            [Reserved.]

 

(ii)            Requirements for Holders to Exercise Conversion Right.

 

(1)            [Reserved.]

 

(2)            Global Certificates. To convert a beneficial interest in a Global Certificate, the owner of such beneficial interest must (x) comply with the Depositary Procedures for converting such beneficial interest (at which time the conversion will become irrevocable, subject to Section 11(c)); and (y) if applicable, pay any documentary or other taxes pursuant to Section 12(d).

 

(3)            Physical Certificates. To convert any share of Convertible Preferred Stock represented by a Physical Certificate, the Holder of such share must (w) complete, manually sign and deliver to the Conversion Agent a Conversion Notice; (x) deliver such Physical Certificate to the Conversion Agent (at which time the conversion will become irrevocable, subject to Section 11(c)); (y) furnish any endorsements and transfer documents that the Company or the Conversion Agent may require; and (z) if applicable, pay any documentary or other taxes as pursuant to Section 12(d).

 

(4)            Conversion Permitted only During Business Hours. Convertible Preferred Stock may be surrendered for conversion only after the Open of Business and before the Close of Business on a day that is a Business Day.

 

(iii)            Treatment of Accumulated Regular Dividends upon Conversion.

 

(1)            [Reserved]

 

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(2)            Conversions Between A Record Date and a Regular Dividend Payment Date. If the Conversion Date of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be converted is after a Record Date for a Regular Dividend on the Convertible Preferred Stock and on or before the next Regular Dividend Payment Date, then such Dividend will be paid pursuant to Section 5(d) notwithstanding such conversion.

 

(iv)            When Holders Become Stockholders of Record of the Shares of Common Stock Issuable Upon Conversion. The Person in whose name any share of Common Stock is issuable upon conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock will be deemed to become the holder of record of such share as of the Close of Business on the Conversion Date for such conversion.

 

(e)            Settlement upon Conversion.

 

(i)            Generally. Upon the conversion of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company will settle such conversion by paying or delivering, as applicable and as provided in this Section 11(e)(i), at its election in its sole discertion (x) shares of Common Stock, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 11(e)(ii), (y) cash or (z) a combination of cash and shares of Common Stock, together, if applicable, with cash in lieu of fractional shares as provided in Section 11(e)(ii). Subject to Section 5(d), Section 11(e)(ii), Section 11(i) and Section 14(b), the consideration due upon settlement of the conversion of each share of Convertible Preferred Stock will consist of (A) if the Company elects to settle such conversion solely in shares of Common Stock, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (I) the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference of such share of Convertible Preferred Stock immediately before the Close of Business on the Conversion Date for such conversion and (y) accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends on such share of Convertible Preferred Stock to, but excluding, such Conversion Date (but only to the extent such accumulated and unpaid Regular Dividends are not included in such Liquidation Preference referred to in the preceding clause (x)); by (II) the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on such Conversion Date, (B) if the Company elects to settle such conversion solely in cash, the amount of cash equal to the product of (x) the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable upon such conversion of such Convertible Preferred Stock determined in accordance with the immediately preceding clause (A) and (y) the arithmetic average of Daily VWAPs on each of the five (5) consecutive Trading Days immediately preceding the Conversion Date for such conversion (provided, that for any conversion in connection with a Make-Whole Fundamental Change, if the holders of Common Stock receive only cash in consideration for their shares of Common Stock in such Make-Whole Fundamental Change and such Make-Whole Fundamental Change is pursuant to clause (b) of the definition of “Fundamental Change,” the applicable Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price shall be used in lieu of the arithmetic average described in this clause (y)), and (C) to the extent the Company elects to settle such conversion in a combination of shares of Common Stock and cash, any combination of the foregoing amounts calculated in good faith accordance with the preceding clauses (A) and (B).

 

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(ii)            Payment of Cash in Lieu of any Fractional Share of Common Stock. Subject to Section 14(b), in lieu of delivering any fractional share of Common Stock otherwise due upon conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock, the Company will, to the extent it is legally able to do so and permitted under the terms of its indebtedness for borrowed money, pay cash based on the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Common Stock on the Conversion Date for such conversion (or, if such Conversion Date is not a Trading Day, the immediately preceding Trading Day). In the event the Company cannot pay cash in lieu of a fractional share, it will instead round up to the nearest whole share for each Holder.

 

(iii)            Delivery of Conversion Consideration. Except as provided in Sections 11(f)(i)(3)(B), 11(f)(i)(5), 11(h) and 11(j), the Company will pay or deliver, as applicable, the Conversion Consideration due upon conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock on or before the first (1st) Business Day immediately after the Conversion Date for such conversion.

 

(f)            Conversion Price Adjustments.

 

(i)            Events Requiring an Adjustment to the Conversion Price. The Conversion Price will be adjusted from time to time as follows:

 

(1)            Stock Dividends, Splits and Combinations. If the Company issues solely shares of Common Stock as a dividend or distribution on all or substantially all shares of the Common Stock, or if the Company effects a stock split or a stock combination of the Common Stock (in each case excluding an issuance solely pursuant to a Common Stock Change Event, as to which Section 11(j) will apply), then the Conversion Price will be adjusted based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on the Record Date for such dividend or distribution, or immediately before the Close of Business on the effective date of such stock split or stock combination, as applicable;
   
  CP1 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Close of Business on such Record Date or effective date, as applicable;
   
  OS0 = the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately before the Close of Business on such Record Date or effective date, as applicable, without giving effect to such dividend, distribution, stock split or stock combination; and
   
  OS1 = the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such dividend, distribution, stock split or stock combination.

 

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If any dividend, distribution, stock split or stock combination of the type described in this Section 11(f)(i)(1) is declared or announced, but not so paid or made, then the Conversion Price will be readjusted, effective as of the date the Board of Directors determines not to pay such dividend or distribution or to effect such stock split or stock combination, to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had such dividend, distribution, stock split or stock combination not been declared or announced.

 

(2)            Rights, Options and Warrants. If the Company distributes, to all or substantially all holders of Common Stock, rights, options or warrants (other than rights issued or otherwise distributed pursuant to a stockholder rights plan, as to which Section 11(f)(i)(3)(A) and Section 11(f)(iv) will apply) entitling such holders, for a period of not more than sixty (60) calendar days after the Record Date of such distribution, to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock at a price per share that is less than the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for the ten (10) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the date such distribution is announced, then the Conversion Price will be decreased based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  CP1 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  OS = the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately before the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  Y = a number of shares of Common Stock obtained by dividing (x) the aggregate price payable to exercise such rights, options or warrants by (y) the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for the ten (10) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the date such distribution is announced; and
   
  X = the total number of shares of Common Stock issuable pursuant to such rights, options or warrants.

 

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To the extent such rights, options or warrants are not so distributed, the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the decrease to the Conversion Price for such distribution been made on the basis of only the rights, options or warrants, if any, actually distributed. In addition, to the extent that shares of Common Stock are not delivered after the expiration of such rights, options or warrants (including as a result of such rights, options or warrants not being exercised), the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the decrease to the Conversion Price for such distribution been made on the basis of delivery of only the number of shares of Common Stock actually delivered upon exercise of such rights, option or warrants.

 

For purposes of this Section 11(f)(i)(2), in determining whether any rights, options or warrants entitle holders of Common Stock to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock at a price per share that is less than the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for the ten (10) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the date the distribution of such rights, options or warrants is announced, and in determining the aggregate price payable to exercise such rights, options or warrants, there will be taken into account any consideration the Company receives for such rights, options or warrants and any amount payable on exercise thereof, with the value of such consideration, if not cash, to be determined by the Board of Directors.

 

(3)            Spin-Offs and Other Distributed Property.

 

(A)            Distributions Other than Spin-Offs. If the Company distributes shares of its Capital Stock, evidences of the Company’s indebtedness or other assets or property of the Company, or rights, options or warrants to acquire the Company’s Capital Stock or other securities, to all or substantially all holders of the Common Stock, excluding:

 

(I)            dividends, distributions, rights, options or warrants for which an adjustment to the Conversion Price is required (or would be required without regard to Section 11(f)(iii)) pursuant to Section 11(f)(i)(1) or 11(f)(i)(2);

 

(II)            dividends or distributions paid exclusively in cash for which an adjustment to the Conversion Price is required (or would be required]without regard to Section 11(f)(iii)) pursuant to Section 11(f)(i)(4);

 

(III)            rights issued or otherwise distributed pursuant to a stockholder rights plan, except to the extent provided in Section 11(f)(iv);

 

(IV)            Spin-Offs for which an adjustment to the Conversion Price is required (or would be required without regard to Section 11(f)(iii)) pursuant to Section 11(f)(i)(3)(B);

 

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(V)            a distribution solely pursuant to a tender offer or exchange offer for shares of Common Stock, as to which Section 11(f)(i)(5) will apply; and

 

(VI)            a distribution solely pursuant to a Common Stock Change Event, as to which Section 11(j) will apply,

 

then the Conversion Price will be decreased based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on the Record Date for such distribution;
   
  CP1 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  SP = the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for the ten (10) consecutive Trading Days ending on, and including, the Trading Day immediately before the Ex-Dividend Date for such distribution; and
   
  FMV = the fair market value (as determined by the Company in good faith and in a commercially reasonable manner), as of such Record Date, of the shares of Capital Stock, evidences of indebtedness, assets, property, rights, options or warrants distributed per share of Common Stock pursuant to such distribution;

 

provided, however, that, if FMV is equal to or greater than SP, then, in lieu of the foregoing adjustment to the Conversion Price, each Holder will receive, for each share of Convertible Preferred Stock held by such Holder on such Record Date, at the same time and on the same terms as holders of Common Stock, the amount and kind of shares of Capital Stock, evidences of indebtedness, assets, property, rights, options or warrants that such Holder would have received in such distribution if such Holder had owned, on such Record Date, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (determined in accordance with Section 11(e) but without regard to Section 11(e)(ii) or 11(i)) in respect of one (1) share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is converted with a Conversion Date occurring on such Record Date (subject to the same arrangements, if any, in such distribution not to issue or deliver a fractional portion of any Capital Stock, evidences of indebtedness, assets, property, rights, options or warrants, but with such arrangement applying separately to each Holder and computed based on the total number of shares of Convertible Preferred Stock held by such Holder on such Record Date).

 

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To the extent such distribution is not so paid or made, the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the adjustment been made on the basis of only the distribution, if any, actually made or paid.

 

(B)            Spin-Offs. If the Company distributes or dividends shares of Capital Stock of any class or series, or similar equity interests, of or relating to an Affiliate or Subsidiary or other business unit of the Company to all or substantially all holders of the Common Stock (other than solely pursuant to (x) a Common Stock Change Event, as to which Section 11(j) will apply; or (y) a tender offer or exchange offer for shares of Common Stock, as to which Section 11(f)(i)(5) will apply), and such Capital Stock or equity interests are listed or quoted (or will be listed or quoted upon the consummation of the transaction) on a U.S. national securities exchange (a “Spin-Off”), then the Conversion Price will be decreased based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on the Record Date for such Spin-Off;
   
  CP1 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  SP = the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock for each Trading Day in the Spin-Off Valuation Period (as defined below); and
   
  FMV = the product of (x) the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share or unit of the Capital Stock or equity interests distributed in such Spin-Off over the ten (10) consecutive Trading Day period (the “Spin-Off Valuation Period”) beginning on, and including, the Ex-Dividend Date for such Spin-Off (such average to be determined as if references to Common Stock in the definitions of “Last Reported Sale Price,” “Trading Day” and “Market Disruption Event” were instead references to such Capital Stock or equity interests); and (y) the number of shares or units of such Capital Stock or equity interests distributed per share of Common Stock in such Spin-Off.

 

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The adjustment to the Conversion Price pursuant to this Section 11(f)(i)(3)(B) will be calculated as of the Close of Business on the last Trading Day of the Spin-Off Valuation Period but will be given effect immediately after the Close of Business on the Record Date for the Spin-Off, with retroactive effect. If the Conversion Date for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be converted occurs during the Spin-Off Valuation Period, then, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, the Company will, if necessary, delay the settlement of such conversion until the first (1st) Business Day after the last Trading Day of the Spin-Off Valuation Period.

 

To the extent any dividend or distribution of the type described in Section 11(f)(i)(3)(B) is declared but not made or paid, the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the adjustment been made on the basis of only the dividend or distribution, if any, actually made or paid.

 

(4)            Cash Dividends or Distributions. If any cash dividend or distribution is made to all or substantially all holders of Common Stock, then the Conversion Price will be decreased based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the Close of Business on the Record Date for such dividend or distribution;
   
  CP1 = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Close of Business on such Record Date;
   
  SP = the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Common Stock on the Trading Day immediately before the Ex-Dividend Date for such dividend or distribution;
   
  D = the cash amount distributed per share of Common Stock in such dividend or distribution.

 

provided, however, that, if the numerator of the fraction in the formula above is equal to or less than zero, then, in lieu of the foregoing adjustment to the Conversion Price, each Holder will receive, for each share of Convertible Preferred Stock held by such Holder on such Record Date, at the same time and on the same terms as holders of Common Stock, the amount of cash that such Holder would have received in such dividend or distribution if such Holder had owned, on such Record Date, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (determined in accordance with Section 11(e) but without regard to Section 11(e)(ii) or 11(i)) in respect of one (1) share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is converted with a Conversion Date occurring on such Record Date. To the extent such dividend or distribution is declared but not made or paid, the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the adjustment been made on the basis of only the dividend or distribution, if any, actually made or paid.

 

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(5)            Tender Offers or Exchange Offers. If the Company or any of its Subsidiaries makes a payment in respect of a tender offer or exchange offer for shares of Common Stock (other than solely pursuant to an odd-lot tender offer pursuant to Rule 13e-4(h)(5) under the Exchange Act), and the value (determined as of the Expiration Time by the Board of Directors) of the cash and other consideration paid per share of Common Stock in such tender or exchange offer exceeds the Last Reported Sale Price per share of Common Stock on the Trading Day immediately after the last date (the “Expiration Date”) on which tenders or exchanges may be made pursuant to such tender or exchange offer (as it may be amended), then the Conversion Price will be decreased based on the following formula:

 

 

where:

 

  CP0  = the Conversion Price in effect immediately before the time (the “Expiration Time”) such tender or exchange offer expires;
       
  CP1  = the Conversion Price in effect immediately after the Expiration Time;
       
  SP = the average of the Last Reported Sale Prices per share of Common Stock over the ten (10) consecutive Trading Day period (the “Tender/Exchange Offer Valuation Period”) beginning on, and including, the Trading Day immediately after the Expiration Date;
       
  OS0  = the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately before the Expiration Time (including all shares of Common Stock accepted for purchase or exchange in such tender or exchange offer);
       
  AC  = the aggregate value (determined as of the Expiration Time by the Board of Directors) of all cash and other consideration paid for shares of Common Stock purchased or exchanged in such tender or exchange offer; and
       
  OS1  = the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after the Expiration Time (excluding all shares of Common Stock accepted for purchase or exchange in such tender or exchange offer);

 

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provided, however, that the Conversion Price will in no event be adjusted up pursuant to this Section 11(f)(i)(5), except to the extent provided in the immediately following paragraph. The adjustment to the Conversion Price pursuant to this Section 11(f)(i)(5) will be calculated as of the Close of Business on the last Trading Day of the Tender/Exchange Offer Valuation Period but will be given effect immediately after the Expiration Time, with retroactive effect. If the Conversion Date for any share of Convertible Preferred Stock to be converted occurs on the Expiration Date or during the Tender/Exchange Offer Valuation Period, then, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designations, the Company will, if necessary, delay the settlement of such conversion until the first (1st) Business Day after the last Trading Day of the Tender/Exchange Offer Valuation Period.

 

To the extent such tender or exchange offer is announced but not consummated (including as a result of being precluded from consummating such tender or exchange offer under applicable law), or any purchases or exchanges of shares of Common Stock in such tender or exchange offer are rescinded, the Conversion Price will be readjusted to the Conversion Price that would then be in effect had the adjustment been made on the basis of only the purchases or exchanges of shares of Common Stock, if any, actually made, and not rescinded, in such tender or exchange offer.

 

(6)            [Reserved.]

 

(ii)            No Adjustments in Certain Cases.

 

(1)            Where Holders Participate in the Transaction or Event Without Conversion. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 11(f)(i), the Company is not required to adjust the Conversion Price for a transaction or other event otherwise requiring an adjustment pursuant to Section 11(f)(i) (other than a stock split or combination of the type set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(1) or a tender or exchange offer of the type set forth in Section 11(f)(i)(5)) if each Holder participates, at the same time and on the same terms as holders of Common Stock, and solely by virtue of being a Holder of the Convertible Preferred Stock, in such transaction or event without having to convert such Holder’s Convertible Preferred Stock and as if such Holder had owned, on the Record Date for such transaction or event, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Common Stock that would be issuable (determined in accordance with Section 11(e) but without regard to Section 11(e)(ii)) in respect of one (1) share of Convertible Preferred Stock that is converted with a Conversion Date occurring on such Record Date.

 

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(2)            Certain Events. Without limiting the operation of Sections 5(b)(i) and 11(e)(i), the Company will not be required to adjust the Conversion Price except pursuant to Section 11(f)(i) or 11(h). Without limiting the foregoing, the Company will not be required to adjust the Conversion Price on account of:

 

(A)            except as otherwise provided in Section 11(f)(i), the sale of shares of Common Stock for a purchase price that is less than the market price per share of Common Stock or less than the Conversion Price;

 

(B)            the issuance of any shares of Common Stock pursuant to any present or future plan providing for the reinvestment of dividends or interest payable on the Company’s securities and the investment of additional optional amounts in shares of Common Stock under any such plan;

 

(C)            the issuance of any shares of Common Stock or options or rights to purchase shares of Common Stock pursuant to any present or future employee, director or consultant benefit plan or program of, or assumed by, the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

 

(D)            the issuance of any shares of Common Stock pursuant to any option, warrant, right or convertible or exchangeable security of the Company outstanding as of the Initial Issue Date (other than an adjustment pursuant to Section 11(f)(i)(3)(A) in connection with the separation of rights under the Company’s existing stockholder rights plan); or

 

(E)            solely a change in the par value of the Common Stock.

 

(iii)            Adjustment Deferral. If an adjustment to the Conversion Price otherwise required by this Certificate of Designations would result in a change of less than one percent (1%) to the Conversion Price, then the Company may, at its election, defer such adjustment, except that all such deferred adjustments must be given effect immediately upon the earliest of the following: (1) when all such deferred adjustments would result in a change of at least one percent (1%) to the Conversion Price; (2) the Conversion Date of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock; (3) the date a Fundamental Change or Make-Whole Fundamental Change occurs; (4) the Redemption Notice Date for any Redemption; and (5) the Put Trigger Date.

 

(iv)            Stockholder Rights Plans. If any shares of Common Stock are to be issued upon conversion of any Convertible Preferred Stock and, at the time of such conversion, the Company has in effect any stockholder rights plan, then the Holder of such Convertible Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive, in addition to, and concurrently with the delivery of, the consideration otherwise due upon such conversion, the rights set forth in such stockholder rights plan, unless such rights have separated from the Common Stock at such time, in which case, and only in such case, the Conversion Price will be adjusted pursuant to Section 11(f)(i)(3)(A) on account of such separation as if, at the time of such separation, the Company had made a distribution of the type referred to in such Section 11(f)(i)(3)(A) to all holders of Common Stock, subject to potential readjustment in accordance with the last paragraph of Section 11(f)(i)(3)(A).

 

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(v)            Determination of the Number of Outstanding Shares of Common Stock. For purposes of Section 11(f)(i), the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at any time will (1) include shares issuable in respect of scrip certificates issued in lieu of fractions of shares of Common Stock; and (2) exclude shares of Common Stock held in the Company’s treasury (unless the Company pays any dividend or makes any distribution on shares of Common Stock held in its treasury).

 

(vi)            Rounding of Calculations. All calculations with respect to the Conversion Price and adjustments thereto will be made to the nearest 1/100th of a cent (with 5/1,000ths rounded upward).

 

(vii)            Notice of Conversion Price Adjustments. Upon the effectiveness of any adjustment to the Conversion Price pursuant to Section 11(f)(i), the Company will, as soon as reasonably practicable and no later than ten (10) Business Days after the date of such effectiveness, send notice to the Holders containing (1) a brief description of the transaction or other event on account of which such adjustment was made; (2) the Conversion Price in effect immediately after such adjustment; and (3) the effective time of such adjustment.

 

(g)            Voluntary Conversion Price Decreases.

 

(i)            Generally. To the extent permitted by law and applicable stock exchange rules, the Company, from time to time, may (but is not required to) decrease the Conversion Price by any amount if (1) the Board of Directors determines that such decrease is in the Company’s best interest or that such decrease is advisable to avoid or diminish any income tax imposed on holders of Common Stock or rights to purchase Common Stock as a result of any dividend or distribution of shares (or rights to acquire shares) of Common Stock or any similar event; (2) such decrease is in effect for a period of at least twenty (20) Business Days; and (3) such decrease is irrevocable during such period; provided, however, that any such decrease that would be reasonably expected to result in any material income tax imposed on holders of Convertible Preferred Stock shall require the affirmative vote or consent of Majority Holders.

 

(ii)            Notice of Voluntary Decrease. If the Board of Directors determines to decrease the Conversion Price pursuant to Section 11(g)(i), then, no later than the first Business Day of the related twenty (20) Business Day period referred to in Section 11(g)(i), the Company will send notice to each Holder, the Transfer Agent and the Conversion Agent of such decrease to the Conversion Price, the amount thereof and the period during which such decrease will be in effect.

 

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(h)            Adjustments to the Conversion Price in Connection with a Make-Whole Fundamental Change.

 

(i)            Generally. If a Make-Whole Fundamental Change occurs and the Conversion Date for the conversion of any share of Convertible Preferred Stock occurs during the related Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Period, then, subject to this Section 11(h), the Conversion Price applicable to such conversion will be the price (the “Make-Whole Fundamental Change Conversion Price”) set forth in the table below corresponding (after interpolation as provided in, and subject to, the provisions below) to the effective date and the Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price of such Make-Whole Fundamental Change:

 

     
   Make-Whole Fundamental Change Stock Price 
Effective Date  $27.08   $30.00   $32.50   $35.00   $37.50   $40.00   $50.00   $60.00   $70.00   $80.00   $90.00   $100.00 
[closing date]  $19.78   $20.73   $21.46   $22.13   $22.73   $23.28   $25.06   $26.33   $27.29   $28.02   $28.60   $29.06 
December 31, 2024  $20.22   $21.23   $22.00   $22.70   $23.34   $23.91   $25.75   $27.05   $27.98   $28.68   $29.22   $29.64 
December 31, 2025  $20.71   $21.79