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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

    

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2022

OR

    

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to

Commission File Number: 001-39413

VERTEX, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Delaware

    

 

    

23-2081753

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

 

2301 Renaissance Blvd
King of Prussia, Pennsylvania

 

19406 

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (800) 355-3500

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

    

Trading symbol

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A Common Stock, Par Value $0.001 Per Share

VERX

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

    

Accelerated filer

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes      No  

As of August 5, 2022, the registrant had 48,432,472 shares of Class A common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and 101,307,000 shares of Class B common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

1

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

Part I - Financial Information 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 (unaudited)

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

6

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

7

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (unaudited)

9

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

10

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

35

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

55

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

56

Part II - Other Information

57

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

57

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

57

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

57

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

57

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

57

Item 5.

Other Information

57

Item 6.

Exhibits

58

Signatures

59

2

Table of Contents

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact, including statements about our beliefs and expectations and regarding future events or our future results of operations, financial condition, business, strategies, financial needs, and the plans and objectives of management, are forward-looking statements and should be evaluated as such. These statements often include words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “suggests,” “plans,” “intend,” “estimates,” “targets,” “projects,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “may,” “will,” “forecast,” and other similar expressions or the negatives of those terms. We base these forward-looking statements on our current expectations, plans and assumptions that we have made in light of our experience in the industry, as well as our perceptions of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate under the circumstances at such time. As you read and consider this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of future performance or results. The forward-looking statements are subject to and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions at the time they are made, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual results or results of operations and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that may materially affect such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

the potential effects on our business of the coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic;
our ability to attract new customers on a cost-effective basis and the extent to which existing customers renew and upgrade their subscriptions;
our ability to sustain and expand revenues, maintain profitability, and to effectively manage our anticipated growth;
the timing of our introduction of new solutions or updates to existing solutions;
our ability to successfully diversify our solutions by developing or introducing new solutions or acquiring and integrating additional businesses, products, services or content;
our ability to maintain and expand our strategic relationships with third parties;
risks related to our expanding international operations;
our ability to deliver our solutions to customers without disruption or delay;
our exposure to liability from errors, delays, fraud or system failures, which may not be covered by insurance;
risks related to our determinations of customers’ transaction tax and tax payments;
risks related to changes in tax laws and regulations or their interpretation or enforcement;
our ability to manage cybersecurity and data privacy risks;
risks related to failures in information technology, infrastructure and third-party service providers;
our ability to effectively protect, maintain and enhance our brand;
global economic weakness and uncertainties, and disruption in the capital and credit markets;
business disruptions related to natural disasters, epidemic outbreaks, terrorist acts, political events or other events outside of our control;
our ability to comply with anti-corruption, anti-bribery and similar laws;
changes in interest rates, security ratings and market perceptions of the industry in which we operate, or our ability to obtain capital on commercially reasonable terms or at all;
any statements of belief and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing; and
other factors beyond our control.

3

Table of Contents

The risks included here are not exhaustive, and additional factors could adversely affect our business and financial performance, including factors and risks included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 and in other sections of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including under Part II, Item 1A, Risk Factors. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to identify all such risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all such risk factors on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements, and you should not rely on forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The results, events, and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur, and actual results, events, or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak only as of the date of this report. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this report to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect new information or the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as required by law. If we update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements.

4

Table of Contents

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

June 30, 

    

December 31, 

2022

2021

    

(unaudited)

    

Assets

Current assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

85,554

$

73,333

Funds held for customers

 

19,935

 

24,873

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $8,719 and $9,151, respectively

 

88,961

 

76,929

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

22,956

 

20,536

Investment securities available for sale, current (amortized cost of $6,940 at June 30, 2022)

6,943

Total current assets

 

224,349

 

195,671

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation

 

106,526

 

98,390

Capitalized software, net of accumulated amortization

 

38,362

 

33,442

Goodwill and other intangible assets

 

255,556

 

272,702

Deferred commissions

 

12,168

 

12,555

Deferred income tax asset

31,190

35,298

Operating lease right-of-use assets

19,007

20,249

Other assets

 

2,592

 

1,900

Total assets

$

689,750

$

670,207

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Current portion of long-term debt

$

1,563

$

Accounts payable

17,710

13,000

Accrued expenses

 

23,931

 

22,966

Tax sharing agreement distributions payable

 

 

536

Customer funds obligations

 

18,890

 

23,461

Accrued salaries and benefits

 

16,223

 

16,671

Accrued variable compensation

 

13,480

 

26,462

Deferred compensation, current

 

1,844

 

4,202

Deferred revenue, current

 

243,815

 

237,344

Current portion of operating lease liabilities

4,306

3,933

Current portion of finance lease liabilities

2,368

284

Deferred purchase consideration, current

19,955

19,805

Purchase commitment and contingent consideration liabilities, current

 

4,791

 

468

Total current liabilities

 

368,876

 

369,132

Deferred compensation, net of current portion

 

129

 

1,963

Deferred revenue, net of current portion

 

11,259

 

11,666

Debt, net of current portion

47,939

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion

22,371

24,320

Finance lease liabilities, net of current portion

39

68

Deferred purchase consideration, net of current portion

9,586

19,419

Purchase commitment and contingent consideration liabilities, net of current portion

 

7,488

 

10,829

Deferred other liabilities

 

1,428

 

2,726

Total liabilities

 

469,115

 

440,123

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

 

  

 

  

 

 

Stockholders' equity:

 

  

 

  

Preferred shares, $0.001 par value, 30,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding

 

Class A voting common stock, $0.001 par value, 300,000 shares authorized; 48,316 and 42,286 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

48

42

Class B voting common stock, $0.001 par value, 150,000 shares authorized; 101,307 and 106,807 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

101

107

Additional paid in capital

232,850

222,621

Retained earnings

 

18,957

 

24,811

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(31,321)

 

(17,497)

Total stockholders' equity

 

220,635

 

230,084

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

689,750

$

670,207

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

5

Table of Contents

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Three months ended June 30, 

Six months ended June 30, 

2022

2021

2022

2021

(unaudited)

(unaudited)

Revenues:

    

  

    

  

    

Software subscriptions

$

101,088

$

89,604

$

198,219

$

172,884

Services

 

18,188

 

15,334

36,041

30,290

Total revenues

 

119,276

 

104,938

234,260

 

203,174

Cost of revenues:

 

  

 

  

Software subscriptions

 

36,209

 

26,829

69,122

52,419

Services

 

11,920

 

10,550

23,873

21,893

Total cost of revenues

 

48,129

 

37,379

92,995

 

74,312

Gross profit

 

71,147

 

67,559

141,265

 

128,862

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Research and development

 

10,310

 

11,926

19,943

23,385

Selling and marketing

 

31,979

 

24,865

59,431

45,015

General and administrative

 

30,084

 

24,865

58,841

49,717

Depreciation and amortization

 

3,224

 

2,878

6,184

5,705

Other operating (income) expense, net

 

(154)

 

4,483

694

4,354

Total operating expenses

 

75,443

 

69,017

145,093

 

128,176

(Loss) income from operations

 

(4,296)

 

(1,458)

(3,828)

 

686

Interest expense (income), net

 

724

 

(385)

718

150

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

(5,020)

 

(1,073)

(4,546)

 

536

Income tax expense (benefit)

 

500

 

(1,881)

1,308

(2,560)

Net (loss) income

 

(5,520)

 

808

(5,854)

 

3,096

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

11,775

 

3,359

13,824

4,336

Total comprehensive loss

$

(17,295)

$

(2,551)

$

(19,678)

$

(1,240)

Net (loss) income attributable to Class A stockholders, basic

$

(1,598)

$

190

$

(1,679)

$

644

Net (loss) income per Class A share, basic

$

(0.04)

$

0.01

$

(0.04)

$

0.02

Weighted average Class A common stock, basic

 

43,286

 

34,726

 

42,818

 

30,592

Net (loss) income attributable to Class A stockholders, diluted

$

(1,598)

$

229

$

(1,679)

$

811

Net (loss) income per Class A share, diluted

$

(0.04)

$

0.01

$

(0.04)

$

0.02

Weighted average Class A common stock, diluted

 

43,286

 

44,711

 

42,818

 

41,357

Net (loss) income attributable to Class B stockholders, basic

$

(3,922)

$

618

$

(4,175)

$

2,452

Net (loss) income per Class B share, basic

$

(0.04)

$

0.01

$

(0.04)

$

0.02

Weighted average Class B common stock, basic

 

106,203

 

112,804

 

106,505

 

116,460

Net (loss) income attributable to Class B stockholders, diluted

$

(3,922)

$

579

$

(4,175)

$

2,285

Net (loss) income per Class B share, diluted

$

(0.04)

$

0.01

$

(0.04)

$

0.02

Weighted average Class B common stock, diluted

106,203

112,804

106,505

116,460

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

6

Table of Contents

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 (unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

Accumulated

Outstanding

Class A

Outstanding

Class B

Additional

  

  

Other 

  

Total

Class A

Common

Class B

Common

Paid In

Retained

Comprehensive 

Stockholders'

  

  

Shares

  

 Stock

  

Shares

  

Stock

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

(Loss) Income

  

Equity

Balance, January 1, 2022

42,286

$

42

106,807

$

107

$

222,621

$

24,811

$

(17,497)

$

230,084

Exercise of stock options, net

 

272

 

 

 

 

278

 

 

 

 

278

Shares issued upon vesting of Restricted Stock Units, net

3

(15)

(15)

Stock-based compensation expense

4,867

4,867

Foreign currency translation adjustments and revaluations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,049)

 

 

(2,049)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

(334)

 

 

 

(334)

Balance, March 31, 2022

 

42,561

42

 

106,807

107

227,751

24,477

(19,546)

 

232,831

Exercise of stock options, net

93

(34)

(34)

Shares issued upon vesting of Restricted Stock Awards, net

59

Stock-based compensation expense

4,166

4,166

Shares issued in connection with ESPP

103

967

967

Class B shares exchanged for Class A shares

5,500

6

(5,500)

(6)

Foreign currency translation adjustments and revaluations, net of tax

(11,777)

(11,777)

Unrealized gain from available for sale investments, net of tax

2

2

Net loss

(5,520)

(5,520)

Balance, June 30, 2022

 

48,316

$

48

101,307

$

101

$

232,850

$

18,957

$

(31,321)

$

220,635

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

Table of Contents

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 (unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands)

Accumulated

Outstanding

Class A

Outstanding

Class B

Additional

  

  

Other 

  

Total

Class A

Common

Class B

Common

Paid In

Retained

Comprehensive 

Stockholders'

  

Shares

  

 Stock

  

Shares

  

Stock

  

Capital

  

Earnings

  

Loss

  

Equity

Balance, January 1, 2021

26,327

$

26

120,117

$

120

$

206,541

$

25,782

$

(3,127)

$

229,342

ASC 842 transition adjustment

 

508

508

Exercise of stock options, net

640

1

(6,998)

(6,997)

Shares issued upon vesting of Restricted Stock Units, net

5

(34)

(34)

Stock-based compensation expense

6,302

6,302

Foreign currency translation adjustments and revaluations, net of tax

(977)

(977)

Net income

 

2,288

2,288

Balance, March 31, 2021

26,972

27

120,117

120

205,811

28,578

(4,104)

230,432

Exercise of stock options, net

462

1

(3,293)

(3,292)

Shares issued upon vesting of Restricted Stock Awards, net

234

Shares issued in connection with ESPP

60

6,101

6,101

Stock-based compensation expense

1,010

1,010

Class B shares exchanged for Class A shares

12,100

12

(12,100)

(12)

Foreign currency translation adjustments and revaluations, net of tax

(3,359)

(3,359)

Net income

808

808

Balance, June 30, 2021

 

39,828

$

40

108,017

$

108

$

209,629

$

29,386

$

(7,463)

$

231,700

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

8

Table of Contents

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021

(Amounts in thousands)

Six Months Ended June 30, 

    

2022

    

2021

(unaudited)

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

  

 

  

Net (loss) income

$

(5,854)

$

3,096

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

  

Depreciation and amortization

 

30,535

 

17,697

Provision for subscription cancellations and non-renewals, net of deferred allowance

 

(611)

 

994

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

118

 

106

Change in fair value of contingent consideration liability

700

Write-off of deferred financing costs

370

Stock-based compensation expense

 

9,127

 

12,828

Deferred income tax benefit

(88)

(2,812)

Non-cash operating lease costs

1,534

1,867

Other

 

552

 

66

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

  

Accounts receivable

 

(10,900)

 

10,993

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

(3,124)

 

(3,396)

Deferred commissions

 

387

 

198

Accounts payable

 

4,732

 

2,515

Accrued expenses

 

685

 

(5,707)

Accrued and deferred compensation

 

(17,550)

 

(8,301)

Deferred revenue

 

6,288

 

(1,220)

Operating lease liabilities

(1,868)

(2,532)

Other

 

(457)

 

73

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

14,576

 

26,465

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

  

 

  

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

 

(474)

 

(193,591)

Property and equipment additions

 

(27,827)

 

(15,888)

Capitalized software additions

 

(5,926)

 

(5,125)

Purchase of investment securities, available for sale

(6,943)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(41,170)

 

(214,604)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

  

 

  

Net increase (decrease) in customer funds obligations

 

(4,571)

 

22,227

Proceeds from term loan

 

50,000

 

Principal payments on long-term debt

 

(313)

 

Payments for deferred financing costs

 

(983)

 

Proceeds from purchases of stock under ESPP

967

1,010

Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of stock-based awards

(489)

(10,715)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

718

 

391

Distributions under Tax Sharing Agreement

(536)

(2,700)

Payments for purchase commitment liabilities

(255)

(788)

Payments of finance lease liabilities

(49)

(685)

Payments for deferred purchase commitments

(10,000)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

34,489

 

8,740

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(612)

 

(221)

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

7,283

(179,620)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

98,206

 

312,273

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

105,489

$

132,653

Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash to the Consolidated Balance Sheets, end of period:

 

  

 

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

85,554

$

101,593

Restricted cash—funds held for customers

 

19,935

 

31,060

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

105,489

$

132,653

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

9

Table of Contents

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

1.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Nature of Business

Vertex, Inc. (“Vertex”) and its consolidated subsidiaries and variable interest entities (“VIE”) (collectively, the “Company”) operate as solutions providers of state, local and value added tax calculation, compliance and analytics, offering software products which are sold through software license and software as a service (“cloud”) subscriptions. The Company also provides implementation and training services in connection with its software license and cloud subscriptions, transaction tax returns outsourcing, and other tax-related services. The Company sells to customers located throughout the United States of America (“U.S.”) and internationally.

Basis of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“U.S. GAAP”) and include the accounts of the Company. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The Company has a 65% equity interest in Systax Sistemas Fiscais LTDA (“Systax”), a provider of Brazilian transaction tax content and software. Systax is considered a VIE given that the equity investors, as a group, lack the characteristics of a controlling financial interest. Vertex includes Systax in the condensed consolidated financial statements as Vertex is the primary beneficiary of the equity interests in Systax and participates significantly in the variability in the fair value of Systax’s net assets.

Unaudited Interim Financial Information

The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial information and include the accounts of the Company. Certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted. Accordingly, these interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes for the year ended December 31, 2021 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (the “2021 Annual Report”) filed with the SEC on March 16, 2022. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2021 has been derived from audited financial statements included in the 2021 Annual Report. The accompanying interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2022, the interim condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss, changes in stockholders’ equity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, and interim condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 are unaudited. The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with that used to prepare the annual audited consolidated financial statements and include, in the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring items, necessary for the fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements. The operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year ending December 31, 2022.

Segments

The Company operates its business as one operating segment. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, approximately 10% and 8%, respectively, of the Company’s revenues were generated from customers located outside the U.S. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, revenues generated from customers located outside the U.S. were approximately 7% and 6%, respectively. As of June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, $791 and $699, respectively, of the Company’s property and equipment assets were held outside the U.S.

10

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) continued

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Fair Value Measurement

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at a measurement date. A three-level fair value hierarchy (the “Fair Value Hierarchy”) prioritizes the inputs used to measure fair value. The Fair Value Hierarchy requires the Company to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. Classification in the Fair Value Hierarchy is based on the lowest of the following levels that is significant to the measurement:

Level 1: Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2: Inputs are quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.

Level 3: Inputs are unobservable inputs based on the Company’s assumptions and valuation techniques used to measure assets and liabilities at fair value. The inputs require significant management judgment or estimation.

The Company’s assessment of the significance of an input to a fair value measurement requires judgment, which may affect the determination of fair value and the measurement’s classification within the Fair Value Hierarchy.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, equity, revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates used in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements include: (i) the estimated allowance for subscription cancellations, (ii) expected credit losses associated with the allowance for doubtful accounts; (iii) allowance for credit losses on available for sale securities; (iv) the reserve for self-insurance, (v) assumptions related to achievement of technological feasibility for software developed for sale, (vi) product life cycles, (vii) estimated useful lives and potential impairment of long-lived assets and intangible assets, (viii) potential impairment of goodwill, (ix) determination of the fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed and consideration transferred in acquisitions, (x) amortization period of material rights and deferred commissions (xi) Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing model (“Black-Scholes model”) input assumptions used to determine the fair value of stock-based compensation awards, (xii) measurement of future purchase commitment, contingent consideration liabilities and deferred purchase consideration liabilities associated with acquisitions, and (xiii) the potential outcome of future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements or tax returns. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Software Development Costs

Internal-Use Software

The Company follows Accounting Standard Codification (“ASC”) 350-40, Goodwill and Other, Internal-Use Software, to account for development costs incurred for the costs of computer software developed or obtained for internal use. ASC 350-40 requires such costs to be capitalized once certain criteria are met. Internal-use software is included in internal-use software developed in property and equipment in the condensed consolidated balance sheets once available for its intended use and is depreciated over periods between 3 to 5 years. Depreciation expense for internal-use software utilized for cloud-based customer solutions and for software for internal systems and tools is included in cost of revenues, software subscriptions and depreciation and amortization expense, respectively, in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss.

11

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) continued

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Software Developed for Sale

The costs incurred for the development of computer software to be sold, leased, or otherwise marketed are capitalized in accordance with ASC 985-20, Costs of Software to be Sold, Leased or Marketed, when technological feasibility has been established. Amortization of capitalized software development costs begins when the product is available for general release. Amortization is provided on a product-by-product basis using the straight-line method over periods between three to five years and is included in cost of revenues, software subscriptions in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Capitalized software costs are subject to an ongoing assessment of recoverability based on anticipated future revenues and changes in software technologies at least annually at December 31, and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that impairment may have occurred.

Business Combinations

Upon acquisition of a company, the Company determines if the transaction is a business combination, which is accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Under the acquisition method, once control is obtained of a business, the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, consideration transferred and amounts attributed to noncontrolling interests, are recorded at fair value. The Company uses its best estimates and assumptions to assign fair value to the tangible and intangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, consideration transferred, and amounts attributed to noncontrolling interests at the acquisition date. One of the most significant estimates relates to the determination of the fair value of these amounts. The determination of the fair values is based on estimates and judgments made by management. The Company’s estimates of fair value are based upon assumptions it believes to be reasonable, but which are inherently uncertain and unpredictable. Measurement period adjustments to these values as of the acquisition date are reflected at the time identified, up through the conclusion of the measurement period, which is the time at which all information for determination of the values of assets acquired, liabilities assumed, consideration transferred and noncontrolling interests is received, and is not to exceed one year from the acquisition date (the “Measurement Period”). Thus the Company may record adjustments to the fair value of these tangible and intangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed, consideration transferred and noncontrolling interests, with the corresponding offset to goodwill during this Measurement Period. Additionally, uncertain tax positions and tax-related valuation allowances are initially recorded in connection with a business combination as of the acquisition date. The Company continues to collect information and reevaluate these estimates and assumptions periodically and record any adjustments to preliminary estimates to goodwill, provided the Company is within the Measurement Period, with any adjustments to amortization of new or previously recorded identifiable intangibles being recorded to the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss in the period in which they arise. In addition, if outside of the Measurement Period, any subsequent adjustments to the acquisition date fair values are reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss in the period in which they arise.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of net tangible and intangible assets acquired in a business combination. The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment annually at October 1st, and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that impairment may have occurred.

Deferred Financing Costs

The Company capitalizes costs related to obtaining, renewing or extending loan agreements and amortizes these costs on a straight-line basis, which approximates the effective interest method, over the life of the loan. Deferred financing costs related to term loans outstanding are reflected as a reduction of current portion of long-term debt and long-term debt net of current portion in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Deferred financing costs related to undrawn debt are reflected in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

12

Vertex, Inc. and Subsidiaries

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) continued

(Amounts in thousands, except per share data)

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company has stock awards issued under the 2020 Incentive Award Plan (the “2020 Plan”) and the 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”). The awards are subject to, and the Company applies, the guidance set forth in ASC 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, for the award of equity-based instruments. The provisions of ASC 718 require a company to measure the fair value of stock-based compensation as of the grant date of the award. Stock-based compensation expense reflects the cost of employee services received in exchange for the awards. The Company has elected to recognize award forfeitures as they occur.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from contracts with customers

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of promised products or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration expected to be received in exchange for those products or services. The Company enters into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, which are generally capable of being distinct, and accounted for as separate performance obligations. Revenue is recognized net of allowance for subscription and non-renewal cancellations and any taxes collected from customers, which are subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.

Nature of goods and services

Licenses for on-premise software subscriptions provide the customer with a right to use the software as it exists when made available to the customer. Customers purchase a subscription to these licenses, which includes the related software and tax content updates and product support (collectively, the “updates and support”). The updates and support, which are part of the subscription agreement, are essential to the continued utility of the software; therefore, the Company has determined the software and the related updates and support to be a single performance obligation. Accordingly, when on-premise software is licensed, the revenue associated with this combined performance obligation is recognized ratably over the license term as these performance obligations are satisfied over the duration of the license term. Revenue recognition begins on the later of the beginning of the subscription period or the date the software is made available to the customer to download. Prior to January 1, 2022, certain on-premise software subscription prices in the initial subscription year were higher